The causes of lameness may include pain in the bones, joints, muscles or tendons. An examination for lameness must be performed to establish the cause. This examination begins with an investigation of the patient’s structure and movements, followed by a detailed examination of the back as well as the fore and hind limbs and their joints.
Based on the findings, the decision is often made to carry out further investigations, such as an X-ray or CT scan. Ultrasound scans are used to explore tendons and muscles. When suspecting arthritis, synovial fluid samples may be taken. Other tools used include a pressure mat and a force plate, which help determine weight bearing during movement and explore any imbalances in the use of limbs.
Musculoskeletal disorders often require surgical treatment. Pauli Keränen, LVM, specialist in small animal medicine performs a wide range of orthopaedic operations. The most common operations include fracture surgery and the surgical treatment of cruciate ligament rupture and patellar luxation. Arthroscopy is used to investigate and treat joint diseases. We offer specialist expertise in areas such as joint replacement surgery and corrective surgery for abnormal posture in the limbs.