After Carroll, 1988, and Nelson, 1994, with Recent species from Froese & Pauly, 2001 [“The Fishbase”]

<==o Eurypterygii
   |--o Cyclosquamata
   |  `-- Aulopiformes (aulopikalat)
   `--o Ctenosquamata
      |--o Scopelomorpha
      |  `-- Myctophiformes (lyhtykalat)
      `--o Acanthomorpha sensu Johnson & Patterson, 1993
         |?-o †Aipichthys U. Cret. SWAs. [Aipichthyidae]
         |  |-- †A. velifer
         |  `-- †A. minor
         |?- †Asineops squamifrons Eoc. NA. [Asineopidae]
         |?- †Digoria ambigua L. Olig. SEEu. [Digoriidae]
         |?- †Dinopteryx spinosus U. Cret. SWAs. [Dinopterygidae]
         |?-o †Ferrifronsidae Arratia, G. & Chorn, J., 1998
         |  |-- †Ferrifrons rugosus Jordan, 1924
         |  `-- †Acanthichthys major Arratia & Chorn, 1998
         |?- †Pharmaichthys [Pharmaichthyidae]
         |?- †Pycnosteroides laevispinosus U. Cret. SWAs. [Pycnosteroididae]
         |?- †Spinocaudichthys oumtkoutensis Filleul & Dutheil, 2001; U. Cret. NWAf.
         |?- †Stichocentrus livatus U. Cret. SWAs. [Stichocentridae]
         |--o Lampridiomorpha
         |  `-- Lampridiformes (kiiltolahnakalat)
         `--o Euacanthomorpha
            |-- Polymixiomorpha (partakalamaiset kalat) [paraphyletic assemblage?]
            `--o Holacanthopterygii
               |--o Paracanthopterygii
               |  |-- Percopsiformes (lohiahvenkalat)
               |  `--o Anacanthini Patterson & Rosen, 1989?
               |     |?-o †Sphenocephalus U. Cret. Eu. [Stephanocephaliformes: Sphenocephalidae]
               |     |  |-- †S. sp.
               |     |  `-- †S. fissicaudus
               |     `--+-- Ophidiiformes (partanilkkakalat) [possibly paraphyletic?]
               |        `--+?- †Mcconichthys longipinnis Grande, 1988 L. Paleoc. NA. [Mcconichthyidae]
               |           |-- Gadiformes (cods, and relatives; turskakalat)
               |           `--o Pediculati
               |              |-- Batrachoideiformes [Haplodoci] (konnakalat)
               |              `-- Lophiiformes (krottikalat; anglerfishes)
               `--o Acanthopterygii sensu Nelson, 1994 [alternative phylogeny after Johnson & Patterson, 1993 (also from Nelson, 1994)]
                  |--o Mugilomorpha
                  |  `-- Mugiloformes (kelttikalat)
                  `--+--o Atherinomorpha
                     |  |-- Atheriniformes (hopeakylkikalat, sateenkaarikalat)
                     |  `--o Cyprinodontea
                     |     |-- Beloniformes (nokkakalat)
                     |     `-- Cyprinodontiformes [Microcyprini] (hammaskarppikalat)
                     `--o Percomorpha sensu Nelson, 1994
                        |-- Stephanoberyciformes [Xenoberyces in partim] (okakalat)
                        `--+-- Beryciformes (limapääkalat)
                           `--+--+-- Zeiformes (pietarinkalat)
                              |  `-- Tetraodontiformes (jäykkäleukakalat)
                              `--+-- Gasterosteiformes (piikkikalat)
                                 |-- Synbranchiformes (yhdyskiduskalat)
                                 `--+== “Perciformes” Bleeker, 1859 (ahvenkalat) [paraphyletic]
                                    |== “Scorpaeniformes” (simppukalat)
                                    `-- Pleuronectiformes [Heterosomata] (kampelakalat)

Alternative [molecular] phylogeny of Holacanthopterygii after Mabuchi, Miya, Azuma & Nishida, 2007

<==o  Percomorpha sensu Mabuchi et al., 2007 [Holacanthopterygii] sensu Nelson, 1994]
   |--  Ophidiiformes
   `--+--+--+-- Percidae [Perciformes: Percoidei in partim]
      |  |  `--+-- Scorpaenoidei [Scorpaeniformes in partim]
      |  |     `--+--+-- Cottoidei [Scorpaeniformes in partim]
      |  |        |  `-- Trachinoidei [Perciformes: “Zoarciformes” in partim]
      |  |        `--+-- Zoarcoidei [Perciformes: “Zoarciformes” in partim]
      |  |           `-- Gasterosteoidei [Gasterosteiformes in partim]
      |  `--+--+-- Odacidae [Perciformes: Labroidei in partim]
      |     |  `--+-- Scaridae [Perciformes: Labroidei in partim]
      |     |     `-- Labridae [Perciformes: Labroidei in partim]
      |     `--+--+-- Emmelichthyidae [Perciformes: Percoidei in partim]
      |        |  `-- Lutjanidae [Perciformes: Percoidei in partim]
      |        `--+-- Sparidae [Perciformes: Percoidei in partim]
      |           `--+-- Caproidae [Zeiformes in partim]
      |              `--+-- Tetraodontiformes
      |                 `-- Lophiiformes
      `--+--+--+-- Pleuronectiformes
         |  |  `-- Carangidae [Perciformes: Percoidei in partim]
         |  `--+-- Scombroidei [Perciformes: “Thunniniformes” in partim]
         |     `--+-- Dactylopteridae [Scorpaeniformes: Dactylopteroidei in partim]
         |        `-- Gobioidei [Perciformes in partim]
         `--+--+== Synbranchiformes (yhdyskiduskalat)
            |  `-- Indostomoidei [Gasterosteiformes in partim]
            `--+--+-- Pseudochromidae [Perciformes: Percoidei in partim]
               |  `-- Mugiloformes
               `--+--+-- Pomacentridae [Perciformes: Labroidei in partim]
                  |  `--+-- Embiotocidae [Perciformes: Labroidei in partim]
                  |     `-- Cichlidae [Perciformes: Labroidei in partim]
                  `--+--+-- Blennoidei [Perciformes in partim]
                     |  `-- Gobiesocoidei [Perciformes in partim]
                     `--o Atherinomorpha
                        |-- Atheriniformes
                        `--o Cyprinodontea
                           |-- Beloniformes
                           `-- Cyprinodontiformes [Microcyprini]

Reference(s):