After Johnson & Patterson, 1996

Alternative phylogeny of Euteleostei after Nelson, 1994

<==o Euteleostei
   |--+?- †Kermichthys
   |  `--o Ostariophysi (“lohikarppikalat”)
   |     |--o Anotophysi (maitokalamaiset viuhkaeväiset)
   |     |  `-- Gonorynchiformes (maitokalat: milkfish-like fishes)
   |     `--o Otophysi (särkikalamaiset viuhkaeväiset)
   |        |-- †Chanoides macropoma M. Eoc. Eu.
   |        `--+--o Cypriniformes [Cypriniphysi:] (särkikalat; carp-like fishes)
   |           |  |-- Cyprinoidea (särjensukuiset)
   |           |  `-- Cobioidea (loaches and relatives; kivennuoliaisensukuiset)
   |           `--+-- Characiformes [Characiphysi:] (tetrafishes; tetrakalat)
   |              `--o Siluriphysi
   |                 |-- Siluriformes [Nematognathi] (monnikalat; catfishes)
   |                 `-- Gymnotiformes (veitsikalat: knifefishes)
   `--o Euteleostei Greenwood, Myers, Rosen & Weitzman, 1967 sensu Johnson & Patterson, 1996 [Euteleosteomorpha Betancur-R et al., 2013]
      |?- †Avitosmerus canadensis Fielitz, 2002; U. Cret. NWNA.
      |?- †Pharmacichthys venenifer U. Cret. SWAs.
      |?- †Boltyshia brevicauda U. Paleoc. Eu. [Paleosocidae] [a salmoniform??]
      |?- †Gharbouria libanica U. Cret. SWAs. [a salmoniform??]
      |?- †Santanasalmo elegans Gallo, de Figueiredo & Azevedo, 2009; L.Cret. NESAm.
      |?-o †Orthogonikleithridae
      |  |--o †Leptolepides U. Jur. Eu.
      |  |  `-- †L. sprattiformis
      |  `--o †Orthogonikleithrus U. Jur. Eu.
      |     `-- †O. leichi
      |--o Protacanthopterygii sensu Johnson & Patterson, 1996
      |  |--o Argentiniformes sensu Johnson & Patterson, 1996 [Argentinoidei sensu Nelson, 1994] (hopeakuorrekalat)
      |  |  |?- †Pattersonellidae
      |  |  |-- Argentinoidea (hopeakuorreensukuiset)
      |  |  `-- Alepocephaloidea (silokuorreensukuiset)
      |  `--o Salmoniformes sensu Johnson & Patterson, 1996
      |     |-- Osmeroidei sensu Johnson & Patterson, 1996 [Osmeriformes sensu Nelson, 1994] (kuorrekalat; smelt-like fishes) [paraphyletic?]
      |     `-- Salmonoidei sensu Johnson & Patterson, 1996 [Salmoniformes sensu Nelson, 1994] (lohikalat; salmon-like fishes)
      `--o Neognathi
         |-- Esociformes (haukikalat; pikefishes)
         `--o Neoteleostei Rosen, 1973
            |?- †Pyrenichthys
            `--+--o Stenopterygii
               |  |-- Ateleopodiformes (nuijapääkalat)
               |  `-- Stomiiformes [Stomiatiformes] (kitakalat)
               `-- Eurypterygii [Eurypterygia Betancur-R et al., 2013]

After Betancur-R et al., 2013:

<==o Teleostei
   |-- Elopomorpha
   `--o Osteoglossocephalai
      |-- Osteoglossomorpha
      `--o Clupeocephala
         |--o Otomorpha
         |  |-- Clupeiformes
         |  `--+-- Alepocephaliformes
         |     `--o Ostariophysi
         |        |-- Gonorynchiformes
         |        `--o Otophysa
         |           `--+-- Cypriniformes
         |              `--+-- Gymnotiformes
         |                 `--+-- Characiformes
         |                    `-- Siluriformes
         `--o Euteleosteomorpha
            |-- Lepidogalaxias [Lepidogalaxii: Lepidogalaxiiformes]
            `--+--+--o Stomiatii
               |  |  |-- Osmeriformes
               |  |  `-- Stomiiformes
               |  `--o Protacanthopterygii
               |     |-- Argentiniformes
               |     `--+-- Galaxias [Galaxiiformes]
               |        `--+-- Esociformes
               |           `-- Salmoniformes
               `--o Neoteleostei
                  |-- Ateleopodiformes
                  `-- Eurypterygia


Reference(s):

  • Betancur-R., R., Broughton, R. E., Wiley, E. O., Carpenter, K., López, J. A., Li, C., Holcroft, N. I., Arcila, D., Sanciangco, M., Cureton II, J. C., Zhang, F., Buser, T., Campbell, M. A., Ballesteros, J. A., Roa-Varon, A., Willis, S., Borden, W. C., Rowley, T., Reneau, P. C., Hough, D. J., Lu, G., Grande, T., Arratia, G. & Ortí, G., 2013 The Tree of Life and a New Classification of Bony Fishes.
    –PLOS Currents Tree of Life [doi: 10.1371/currents.tol.53ba26640df0ccaee75bb165c8c26288]

After Nelson, 1994

<==o Euteleostei
   |--o Ostariophysi
   |  |--o Anotophysi
   |  |  `-- Gonorynchiformes
   |  `--o Otophysi
   |     |-- Cypriniformes
   |     `--+-- Characiformes
   |        `--+-- Gymnotiformes
   |           `-- Siluriformes
   `--o Neognathi
      |-- Esociformes
      |-- Osmeriformes
      |-- Salmoniformes
      `--o Neoteleostei
         |--o Stenopterygii
         |  |-- Ateleopodiformes
         |  `-- Stomiiformes
         `-- Eurypterygii


Reference(s):

  • Nelson, J. S., 1994: Fishes of the world.
    –John Wiley & Sons Inc., New York, 1994, xx-600

Reference(s):