Ahvenanmaan ketoverkoston pitkäaikaisseurannan julkaisuja


Jokinen, M., S. Sallinen, M. M. Jones, J. Sirén, E. Guilbault, H. Susi, and A.-L. Laine. (2023). The first arriving virus shapes within-host viral diversity during natural epidemics. Proceedings of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences 290:20231486. https://doi.org/10.1098/rspb.2023.1486

Norberg, A., H. Susi, S. Sallinen, P. Baran, N. J. Clark, and A.-L. Laine. (2023). Direct and indirect viral associations predict coexistence in wild plant virus communities. Current Biology 33:1665-1676.e1664. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cub.2023.03.022

Sallinen, S. and A.-L. Laine. (2023). Short-term fitness consequences of parasitism depend on host genotype and within-host parasite community. EVOLUTION 77:1806-1817. https://doi.org/10.1093/evolut/qpad090

Verspagen, N., S. Ikonen, D. Maes, C. Stefanescu, M. F. DiLeo, and M. Saastamoinen. (2023). Thermal plasticity in development and diapause strategy in a temperate butterfly across a latitudinal gradient. Functional Ecology 37:3111-3123. https://doi.org/10.1111/1365-2435.14446


Eck, J. L., Barrès, B., Soubeyrand, S., Sirén, J., Numminen, E., & Laine, A.-L. (2022). Strain Diversity and Spatial Distribution Are Linked to Epidemic Dynamics in Host Populations. The American Naturalist, 199(1), 59-74. https://dx.doi.org/10.1086/717179

Höckerstedt, L., Numminen, E., Ashby, B., Boots, M., Norberg, A. and Laine, A-L. (2022). Spatially structured eco-evolutionary dynamics in a host-pathogen interaction render isolated populations vulnerable to disease. Nature Communications, 13: 6018. https://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41467-022-33665-3

Norberg, A., Susi, H., Sallinen, S., Safdari, P., Clark, N. and Laine, A.-L. (2022). Direct and indirect viral associations predict coexistence in wild plant virus communities. Preprint available at Research Square. https://dx.doi.org/10.21203/rs.3.rs-741379/v1

Susi, H., Sallinen, S., & Laine, A.-L. (2022). Coinfection with a virus constrains within-host infection load but increases transmission potential of a highly virulent fungal plant pathogen. Ecology and Evolution, 12, e8673. https://dx.doi.org/10.1002/ece3.8673

Sallinen, S., Susi, H., Halliday, F. & Laine, A.-L. (2022). Altered within- and between-host transmission under coinfection underpin parasite co-occurrence patterns in the wild. Evolutionary Ecology. https://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10682-022-10182-9

Kahilainen, A., Oostra, V., Somervuo, P., Minard, G., & Saastamoinen, M. (2022). Alternative developmental and transcriptomic responses to host plant water limitation in a butterfly metapopulation. Molecular Ecology, 31, 5666– 5683. https://doi.org/10.1111/mec.16178

Minard, G., Kahilainen, A., Biere, A., Pakkanen, H., Mappes, J., & Saastamoinen, M. (2022). Complex plant quality—microbiota–population interactions modulate the response of a specialist herbivore to the defence of its host plant. Functional Ecology, 36, 2873– 2888. https://doi.org/10.1111/1365-2435.14177

DiLeo, M. F., Nonaka, E., Husby, A. & Saastamoinen, M. (2022). Effects of environment and genotype on dispersal differ across departure, transfer and settlement in a butterfly metapopulation. Proceedings of the Royal Society B. Biological Sciences, 289: 20220322. https://doi.org/10.1098/rspb.2022.0322

Smolander, O.-P., Blande, D., Ahola, V., Rastas, P., Tanskanen, J., Kammonen, J. I., Oostra, V., Pellegrini, L., Ikonen, S., Dallas, T., DiLeo, M. F., Duplouy, A., Duru, I. C., Halimaa, P., Kahilainen, A., Kuwar, S. S., Kärenlampi, S. O., Lafuente, E., Luo, S., Makkonen, J., Nair, A., de la Paz Celorio-Mancera, M., Pennanen, V., Ruokolainen, A., Sundell, T., Tervahauta, A. I., Twort, V., van Bergen, E., Österman-Udd, J., Paulin, L., Frilander, M. J., Auvinen, P., Saastamoinen, M. (2022). Improved chromosome-level genome assembly of the Glanville fritillary butterfly (Melitaea cinxia) integrating Pacific Biosciences long reads and a high-density linkage map. GigaScience, Volume 11, 2022, giab097. https://doi.org/10.1093/gigascience/giab097


Dallas, T. A., Saastamoinen, M., & Ovaskainen, O. (2021). Exploring the dimensions of metapopulation persistence: a comparison of structural and temporal measures. Theoretical Ecology, 14(2), 269-278. https://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s12080-020-00497-0

Kahilainen, A., Oostra, V., Somervuo, P., Minard, G., & Saastamoinen, M. (2021). Alternative developmental and transcriptomic responses to host plant water limitation in a butterfly metapopulation. Molecular ecology. https://doi.org/10.1111/mec.16178

Rosa, E., & Saastamoinen, M. (2021). Warm-night temperature alters paternal allocation strategy in a North temperate-zone butterfly. Ecology and evolution, 11(23), 16514-16523. https://doi.org/10.1002/ece3.8120

Rytteri, S., Kuussaari, M., & Saastamoinen, M. (2021). Microclimatic variability buffers butterfly populations against increased mortality caused by phenological asynchrony between larvae and their host plants. Oikos, 130(5), 753-765. https://doi.org/10.1111/oik.07653

Safdari, P., Höckerstedt, L., Brosche, M., Salojärvi, J., & Laine, A.-L. (2021). Genotype-Specific Expression and NLR Repertoire Contribute to Phenotypic Resistance Diversity in Plantago lanceolata. Frontiers in plant science, 12. https://dx.doi.org/10.3389/fpls.2021.675760

Susi, H., & Laine, A.-L. (2021). Agricultural land use disrupts biodiversity mediation of virus infections in wild plant populations. New Phytologist, 230(6), 2447-2458. https://doi.org/10.1111/nph.17156

Villellas, J., Ehrlén, J., Crone, E. E., Csergő, A. M., Garcia, M. B., Laine, A.-L., . . . Buckley, Y. M. (2021). Phenotypic plasticity masks range-wide genetic differentiation for vegetative but not reproductive traits in a short-lived plant. Ecology Letters, 24(11), 2378-2393. https://doi.org/10.1111/ele.13858

Höckerstedt, L., Susi, H., & Laine, A.-L. (2021). Effect of maternal infection on progeny growth and resistance mediated by maternal genotype and nutrient availability. Journal of Ecology, 109(3), 1439-1451. https://doi.org/10.1111/1365-2745.13568


Smith, A. L., Hodkinson, T. R., Villellas, J., Catford, J. A., Csergő, A. M., Blomberg, S. P., . . . Buckley, Y. M. (2020). Global gene flow releases invasive plants from environmental constraints on genetic diversity. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 117(8), 4218-4227. https://doi.org/10.1111/1365-2745.13568

Sallinen S, Norberg A, Susi H, Laine AL. Intraspecific host variation plays a key role in virus community assembly. Nature Communications. 2020;11:5610. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41467-020-19273-z

Halliday F, Penczykowski R, Barres B, Eck J, Numminen E, Laine AL. Facilitative priority effects drive parasite assembly under coinfection. Nature Ecology & Evolution 2020;4:1510–152. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41559-020-01289-9

Opedal Ø, Ovaskainen O. Saastamoinen M, Laine AL, van Nouhuys S. Host plant availability drives the spatio-temporal dynamics of interacting metapopulations across a fragmented landscape. Ecology. 2020. https://doi.org/10.1002/ecy.3186

Numminen E, Laine AL. The spread of a wild plant pathogen is driven by the road network. PLoS Computational Biology. 2020;16(3). https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pcbi.1007703

Rosa E, Saastamoinen M. Beyond thermal melanism: association of wing melanization with fitness and flight behaviour in a butterfly. Animal Behaviour. 2020;167:275-288. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.anbehav.2020.07.015

Salgado A, DiLeo M, Saastamoinen M. Narrow oviposition preference of an insect herbivore risks survival under conditions of severe drought. Functional Ecology. 2020;34(7):1358-1369. https://doi.org/10.1111/1365-2435.13587

van Bergen E, Dallas T, DiLeo M, Kahilainen A, Mattila A, Luoto M, Saastamoinen M. The effect of summer drought on the predictability of local extinctions in a butterfly metapopulation. Conservation Biology. 2020;34(6):1503-1511. https://doi.org/10.1111/cobi.13515

Duplouy A, Minard G, Saastamoinen M. The gut bacterial community affects immunity but not metabolism in a specialist herbivorous butterfly. Ecology and Evolution. 2020;10(16):8755-8769. https://doi.org/10.1002/ece3.6573

Dallas T, Saastamoinen M, Schulz T, Ovaskainen O. The relative importance of local and regional processes to metapopulation dynamics. Journal of Animal Ecology. 2020:89(3):884-896. https://doi.org/10.1111/1365-2656.13141


Woestmann L, Stucki D, Saastamoinen M. Life history alterations upon oral and hemocoelic bacterial exposure in the butterfly melitaea cinxia. Ecol Evol. 2019;9(18):10665-10680. https://doi.org/10.1002/ece3.5586

Minard G, Tikhonov G, Ovaskainen O, Saastamoinen M. The microbiome of the melitaea cinxia butterfly shows marked variation but is only little explained by the traits of the butterfly or its host plant. Environ Microbiol. 2019. https://doi.org/10.1111/1462-2920.14786

Nonaka E, Siren J, Somervuo P, Ruokolainen L, Ovaskainen O, Hanski I. Scaling up the effects of inbreeding depression from individuals to metapopulations. J Anim Ecol. 2019;88(8):1202-1214. https://doi.org/10.1111/1365-2656.13011

Numminen E, Vaumourin E, Parratt SR, Poulin L, Laine AL. Variation and correlations between sexual, asexual and natural enemy resistance life-history traits in a natural plant pathogen population. BMC Evol Biol. 2019;19(1):14-2. https://doi.org/10.1186/s12862-019-1468-2

Laine AL, Barres B, Numminen E, Siren JP. Variable opportunities for outcrossing result in hotspots of novel genetic variation in a pathogen metapopulation. Elife. 2019;8:10.7554/eLife.47091. https://doi.org/10.7554/eLife.47091

Salgado AL, Saastamoinen M. Developmental stage-dependent response and preference for host plant quality in an insect herbivore. Anim Behav. 2019;150:27-38. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.anbehav.2019.01.018

Rosa E, Minard G, Lindholm J, Saastamoinen M. Moderate plant water stress improves larval development, and impacts immunity and gut microbiota of a specialist herbivore. PLoS One. 2019;14(2):e0204292. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0204292

Susi H, Filloux D, Frilander MJ, Roumagnac P, Laine AL. Diverse and variable virus communities in wild plant populations revealed by metagenomic tools. PeerJ. 2019;7:e6140. https://doi.org/10.7717/peerj.6140

Schulz T, Vanhatalo J, Saastamoinen M. Long‐term demographic surveys reveal a consistent relationship between average occupancy and abundance within local populations of a butterfly metapopulation. Ecography. 2019;43(2)306-317. ???https://doi.org/10.1111/ecog.04799


Duplouy A, Minard G, Lahteenaro M, Rytteri S, Saastamoinen M. Silk properties and overwinter survival in gregarious butterfly larvae. Ecol Evol. 2018;8(24):12443-12455. https://doi.org/10.1002/ece3.4595

Penczykowski RM, Parratt SR, Barres B, Sallinen SK, Laine AL. Manipulating host resistance structure reveals impact of pathogen dispersal and environmental heterogeneity on epidemics. Ecology. 2018;99(12):2853-2863. https://doi.org/10.1002/ecy.2526

Vaumourin E, Laine AL. Role of temperature and coinfection in mediating pathogen life-history traits. Front Plant Sci. 2018;9:1670. https://doi.org/10.3389/fpls.2018.01670

DiLeo MF, Husby A, Saastamoinen M. Landscape permeability and individual variation in a dispersal-linked gene jointly determine genetic structure in the glanville fritillary butterfly. Evol Lett. 2018;2(6):544-556. https://doi.org/10.1002/evl3.90

Kahilainen A, van Nouhuys S, Schulz T, Saastamoinen M. Metapopulation dynamics in a changing climate: Increasing spatial synchrony in weather conditions drives metapopulation synchrony of a butterfly inhabiting a fragmented landscape. Global Change Biol. 2018;24(9):4316-4329. https://doi.org/10.1111/gcb.14280

Woestmann L, Gibbs M, Hesketh H, Saastamoinen M. Viral exposure effects on life-history, flight-related traits, and wing melanisation in the glanville fritillary butterfly. J Insect Physiol. 2018;107:136-143. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jinsphys.2018.03.009

Rosa E, Woestmann L, Biere A, Saastamoinen M. A plant pathogen modulates the effects of secondary metabolites on the performance and immune function of an insect herbivore. Oikos. 2018;127(10):1539-1549. https://doi.org/10.1111/oik.05437

Duplouy A, Woestmann L, Zamorano JG, Saastamoinen M. Impact of male condition on his spermatophore and consequences for female reproductive performance in the glanville fritillary butterfly. INSECT SCIENCE. 2018;25(2):284-296. https://doi.org/10.1111/1744-7917.12424

Reudler JH, van Nouhuys S. The roles of foraging environment, host species, and host diet for a generalist pupal parasitoid. Entomol Exp Appl. 2018;166(4):251-264. https://doi.org/10.1111/eea.12657

Parratt SR, Laine A. Pathogen dynamics under both bottom-up host resistance and top-down hyperparasite attack. J Appl Ecol. 2018;55(6):2976-2985. https://doi.org/10.1111/1365-2664.13185

Laine A, Makinen H. Life-history correlations change under coinfection leading to higher pathogen load. EVOLUTION LETTERS. 2018;2(2):126-133. https://doi.org/10.1002/evl3.48

Hockerstedt LM, Siren JP, Laine A. Effect of spatial connectivity on host resistance in a highly fragmented natural pathosystem. J Evol Biol. 2018;31(6):844-852. https://doi.org/10.1111/jeb.13268

de Jong MA, Saastamoinen M. Environmental and genetic control of cold tolerance in the glanville fritillary butterfly. J Evol Biol. 2018;31(5):636-645. https://doi.org/10.1111/jeb.13247

Nair A, Nonaka E, van Nouhuys S. Increased fluctuation in a butterfly metapopulation leads to diploid males and decline of a hyperparasitoid. PROCEEDINGS OF THE ROYAL SOCIETY B-BIOLOGICAL SCIENCES. 2018;285(1885). https://doi.org/10.1098/rspb.2018.0372

Fountain T, Husby A, Nonaka E, et al. Inferring dispersal across a fragmented landscape using reconstructed families in the glanville fritillary butterfly. EVOLUTIONARY APPLICATIONS. 2018;11(3):287-297. https://doi.org/10.1111/eva.12552


Rosa E, van Nouhuys S, Saastamoinen M. The more the merrier: Conspecific density improves performance of gregarious larvae and reduces susceptibility to a pupal parasitoid. ECOLOGY AND EVOLUTION. 2017;7(24):10710-10720. https://doi.org/10.1002/ece3.3571

Niitepold K, Saastamoinen M. A candidate gene in an ecological model species: Phosphoglucose isomerase (pgi) in the glanville fritillary butterfly (melitaea cinxia). Ann Zool Fenn. 2017;54(1-4):259-273. https://doi.org/10.5735/086.054.0122

Singer MC, Kuussaari M, van Nouhuys S. Attraction of melitaea cinxia butterflies to previously-attacked hosts: A likely complement to known allee effects? Ann Zool Fenn. 2017;54(1-4):205-211. https://doi.org/10.5735/086.054.0118

Rasmussen PU, Amin T, Bennett AE, et al. Plant and insect genetic variation mediate the impact of arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi on a natural plant-herbivore interaction. Ecol Entomol. 2017;42(6):793-802. https://doi.org/10.1111/een.12453

Susi H, Laine A. Host resistance and pathogen aggressiveness are key determinants of coinfection in the wild. Evolution. 2017;71(8):2110-2119. https://doi.org/10.1111/evo.13290

Susi H, Laine A, Filloux D, et al. Genome sequences of a capulavirus infecting plantago lanceolata in the land archipelago of finland. Arch Virol. 2017;162(7):2041-2045. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00705-017-3298-0

Rosa E, Saastamoinen M. Sex-dependent effects of larval food stress on adult performance under semi-natural conditions: Only a matter of size? Oecologia. 2017;184(3):633-642. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00442-017-3903-7

Parratt SR, Barres B, Penczykowski RM, Laine A. Local adaptation at higher trophic levels: Contrasting hyperparasite-pathogen infection dynamics in the field and laboratory. Mol Ecol. 2017;26(7):1964-1979. https://doi.org/10.1111/mec.13928

Woestmann L, Kvist J, Saastamoinen M. Fight or flight? - flight increases immune gene expression but does not help to fight an infection. J Evol Biol. 2017;30(3):501-511. https://doi.org/10.1111/jeb.13007

Duplouy A, Wong SC, Corander J, Lehtonen R, Hanski I. Genetic effects on life-history traits in the glanville fritillary butterfly. PEERJ. 2017;5. https://doi.org/10.7717/peerj.3371

Hanski I, Schulz T, Wong SC, Ahola V, Ruokolainen A, Ojanen SP. Ecological and genetic basis of metapopulation persistence of the glanville fritillary butterfly in fragmented landscapes. NATURE COMMUNICATIONS. 2017;8. https://doi.org/10.1038/ncomms14504


Nair A, Fountain T, Ikonen S, Ojanen SP, van Nouhuys S. Spatial and temporal genetic structure at the fourth trophic level in a fragmented landscape. PROCEEDINGS OF THE ROYAL SOCIETY B-BIOLOGICAL SCIENCES. 2016;283(1831). https://doi.org/10.1098/rspb.2016.0668

Couchoux C, Seppa P, Van Nouhuys S. Strong dispersal in a parasitoid wasp overwhelms habitat fragmentation and host population dynamics. Mol Ecol. 2016;25(14):3344-3355. https://doi.org/10.1111/mec.13696

van Nouhuys S, Kohonen M, Duplouy A. Wolbachia increases the susceptibility of a parasitoid wasp to hyperparasitism. J Exp Biol. 2016;219(19):2984-2990. https://doi.org/10.1242/jeb.140699

Fountain T, Nieminen M, Siren J, Wong SC, Hanski I. Predictable allele frequency changes due to habitat fragmentation in the glanville fritillary butterfly. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2016;113(10):2678-2683. https://doi.org/10.1073/pnas.1600951113

Ruokolainen L, Ikonen S, Makkonen H, Hanski I. Larval growth rate is associated with the composition of the gut microbiota in the glanville fritillary butterfly. Oecologia. 2016;181(3):895-903. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00442-016-3603-8

Wong SC, Oksanen A, Mattila ALK, Lehtonen R, Niitepold K, Hanski I. Effects of ambient and preceding temperatures and metabolic genes on flight metabolism in the glanville fritillary butterfly. J Insect Physiol. 2016;85:23-31. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jinsphys.2015.11.015

Fountain T, Melvin RG, Ikonen S, et al. Oxygen and energy availability interact to determine flight performance in the glanville fritillary butterfly. J Exp Biol. 2016;219(10):1488-1494. https://doi.org/10.1242/jeb.138180


Montovan KJ, Couchoux C, Jones LE, Reeve HK, van Nouhuys S. The puzzle of partial resource use by a parasitoid wasp. Am Nat. 2015;185(4):538-550. https://doi.org/10.1086/680036

Couchoux C, Seppa P, van Nouhuys S. Microsatellites for the parasitoid wasp hyposoter horticola. CONSERVATION GENETICS RESOURCES. 2015;7(2):595-597. https://doi.org/10.1007/s12686-015-0437-3

Ahola V, Koskinen P, Wong SC, et al. Temperature- and sex-related effects of serine protease alleles on larval development in the glanville fritillary butterfly. J Evol Biol. 2015;28(12):2224-2235. https://doi.org/10.1111/jeb.12745

Couchoux C, Seppa P, van Nouhuys S. Behavioural and genetic approaches to evaluate the effectiveness of deterrent marking by a parasitoid wasp. Behaviour. 2015;152(9):1257-1276. https://doi.org/10.1163/1568539X-00003277

Nair A, van Nouhuys S. Microsatellite markers for a hyperparasitoid wasp from a fragmented landscape. CONSERVATION GENETICS RESOURCES. 2015;7(2):565-568. https://doi.org/10.1007/s12686-015-0425-7

Duplouy A, Couchoux C, Hanski I, van Nouhuys S. Wolbachia infection in a natural parasitoid wasp population. PLOS ONE. 2015;10(8). https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0134843

Hanski I. Habitat fragmentation and species richness. J Biogeogr. 2015;42(5):989-993. https://doi.org/10.1111/jbi.12478

Susi H, Barres B, Vale PF, Laine A. Co-infection alters population dynamics of infectious disease. Nature Communications. 2015;6. https://doi.org/10.1038/ncomms6975

Susi H, Laine A. The effectiveness and costs of pathogen resistance strategies in a perennial plant. J Ecol. 2015;103(2):303-315. https://doi.org/10.1111/1365-2745.12373

Susi H, Vale PF, Laine A. Host genotype and coinfection modify the relationship of within and between host transmission. Am Nat. 2015;186(2):252-263. https://doi.org/10.1086/682069

Penczykowski RM, Walker E, Soubeyrand S, Laine A. Linking winter conditions to regional disease dynamics in a wild plant-pathogen metapopulation. New Phytol. 2015;205(3):1142-1152. https://doi.org/10.1111/nph.13145

Kvist J, Mattila ALK, Somervuo P, et al. Flight-induced changes in gene expression in the glanville fritillary butterfly. Mol Ecol. 2015;24(19):4886-4900. https://doi.org/10.1111/mec.13359

Tack AJM, Mononen T, Hanski I. Increasing frequency of low summer precipitation synchronizes dynamics and compromises metapopulation stability in the glanville fritillary butterfly. PROCEEDINGS OF THE ROYAL SOCIETY B-BIOLOGICAL SCIENCES. 2015;282(1806). https://doi.org/10.1098/rspb.2015.0173

Duplouy A, Hanski I. Small spermatophore size and reduced female fitness in an isolated butterfly population. Ecol Entomol. 2015;40(2):167-174. https://doi.org/10.1111/een.12172


Couchoux C, van Nouhuys S. Effects of intraspecific competition and host-parasitoid developmental timing on foraging behaviour of a parasitoid wasp. J Insect Behav. 2014;27(3):283-301. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10905-013-9420-6

Rauhamaki V, Wolfram J, Jokitalo E, Hanski I, Dahlhoff EP. Differences in the aerobic capacity of flight muscles between butterfly populations and species with dissimilar flight abilities. PLOS ONE. 2014;9(1). https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0078069

Jousimo J, Tack AJM, Ovaskainen O, et al. DISEASE ECOLOGY ecological and evolutionary effects of fragmentation on infectious disease dynamics. Science. 2014;344(6189):1289-1293. https://doi.org/10.1126/science.1253621

Tack AJM, Laine A. Ecological and evolutionary implications of spatial heterogeneity during the off-season for a wild plant pathogen. New Phytol. 2014;202(1):297-308. https://doi.org/10.1111/nph.12646

Tack AJM, Horns F, Laine A. The impact of spatial scale and habitat configuration on patterns of trait variation and local adaptation in a wild plant parasite. Evolution. 2014;68(1):176-189. https://doi.org/10.1111/evo.12239

Tack AJM, Hakala J, Petaejae T, Kulmala M, Laine A. Genotype and spatial structure shape pathogen dispersal and disease dynamics at small spatial scales. Ecology. 2014;95(3):703-714. https://doi.org/10.1890/13-0518.1

Tollenaere C, Pernechele B, Makinen HS, et al. A hyperparasite affects the population dynamics of a wild plant pathogen. Mol Ecol. 2014;23(23):5877-5887. https://doi.org/10.1111/mec.12908

Ahola V, Lehtonen R, Somervuo P, et al. The Glanville fritillary genome retains an ancient karyotype and reveals selective chromosomal fusions in lepidoptera. NATURE COMMUNICATIONS. 2014;5. https://doi.org/10.1038/ncomms5737

de Jong MA, Wong SC, Lehtonen R, Hanski I. Cytochrome P450 gene CYP337 and heritability of fitness traits in the glanville fritillary butterfly. Mol Ecol. 2014;23(8):1994-2005. https://doi.org/10.1111/mec.12697

Mattila ALK, Hanski I. Heritability of flight and resting metabolic rates in the glanville fritillary butterfly. J Evol Biol. 2014;27(8):1733-1743. https://doi.org/10.1111/jeb.12426

Somervuo P, Kvist J, Ikonen S, et al. Transcriptome analysis reveals signature of adaptation to landscape fragmentation. PLOS ONE. 2014;9(7). https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0101467

Luo S, Wong SC, Xu C, Hanski I, Wang R, Lehtonen R. Phenotypic plasticity in thermal tolerance in the glanville fritillary butterfly. J Therm Biol. 2014;42:33-39. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jtherbio.2014.02.018


Saastamoinen M, Rantala MJ. Influence of developmental conditions on immune function and dispersal-related traits in the glanville fritillary (melitaea cinxia) butterfly. PLOS ONE. 2013;8(11). https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0081289

Kraft TS, Van Nouhuys S. The effect of multi-species host density on superparasitism and sex ratio in a gregarious parasitoid. Ecol Entomol. 2013;38(2):138-146. https://doi.org/10.1111/een.12004

Pinto-Zevallos D, Hellen H, Hakola H, van Nouhuys S, Holopainen JK. Induced defenses of veronica spicata: Variability in herbivore- induced volatile organic compounds. PHYTOCHEMISTRY LETTERS. 2013;6(4):653-656. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.phytol.2013.08.015

Saastamoinen M, Hirai N, van Nouhuys S. Direct and trans-generational responses to food deprivation during development in the glanville fritillary butterfly. Oecologia. 2013;171(1):93-104. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00442-012-2412-y

Duplouy A, Hanski I. Butterfly survival on an isolated island by improved grip. BIOLOGY LETTERS. 2013;9(2). https://doi.org/10.1098/rsbl.2013.0020

Susi H, Laine A. Pathogen life-history trade-offs revealed in allopatry. Evolution. 2013;67(11):3362-3370. https://doi.org/10.1111/evo.12182

Tollenaere C, Laine A. Investigating the production of sexual resting structures in a plant pathogen reveals unexpected self-fertility and genotype-by-environment effects. J Evol Biol. 2013;26(8):1716-1726. https://doi.org/10.1111/jeb.12169

Ojanen SP, Nieminen M, Meyke E, Poyry J, Hanski I. Long-term metapopulation study of the glanville fritillary butterfly (melitaea cinxia): Survey methods, data management, and long-term population trends. ECOLOGY AND EVOLUTION. 2013;3(11):3713-3737. https://doi.org/10.1002/ece3.733

Rastas P, Paulin L, Hanski I, Lehtonen R, Auvinen P. Lep-MAP: Fast and accurate linkage map construction for large SNP datasets. Bioinformatics. 2013;29(24):3128-3134. https://doi.org/10.1093/bioinformatics/btt563

Kvist J, Wheat CW, Kallioniemi E, Saastamoinen M, Hanski I, Frilander MJ. Temperature treatments during larval development reveal extensive heritable and plastic variation in gene expression and life history traits. Mol Ecol. 2013;22(3):602-619. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-294X.2012.05521.x

Saastamoinen M, Ikonen S, Wong SC, Lehtonen R, Hanski I. Plastic larval development in a butterfly has complex environmental and genetic causes and consequences for population dynamics. J Anim Ecol. 2013;82(3):529-539. https://doi.org/10.1111/1365-2656.12034

Duplouy A, Ikonen S, Hanski I. Life history of the glanville fritillary butterfly in fragmented versus continuous landscapes. ECOLOGY AND EVOLUTION. 2013;3(16):5141-5156. https://doi.org/10.1002/ece3.885

Niitepold K, Hanski I. A long life in the fast lane: Positive association between peak metabolic rate and lifespan in a butterfly. J Exp Biol. 2013;216(8):1388-1397. https://doi.org/10.1242/jeb.080739


van Nouhuys S, Kraft TS. Indirect interaction between butterfly species mediated by a shared pupal parasitoid. Popul Ecol. 2012;54(2):251-260. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10144-011-0302-5

van Nouhuys S, Reudler JH, Biere A, Harvey JA. Performance of secondary parasitoids on chemically defended and undefended hosts. Basic Appl Ecol. 2012;13(3):241-249. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.baae.2012.03.006

Tollenaere C, Susi H, Nokso-Koivisto J, et al. SNP design from 454 sequencing of Podosphaera plantaginis transcriptome reveals a genetically diverse pathogen metapopulation with high levels of mixed-genotype infection. PLOS ONE. 2012;7(12). https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0052492

Mattila ALK, Duplouy A, Kirjokangas M, Lehtonen R, Rastas P, Hanski I. High genetic load in an old isolated butterfly population. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2012;109(37):E2496-E2505. https://doi.org/10.1073/pnas.1205789109


Reudler JH, Biere A, Harvey JA, van Nouhuys S. Differential performance of a specialist and two generalist herbivores and their parasitoids on plantago lanceolata. J Chem Ecol. 2011;37(7):765-778. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10886-011-9983-7

Hanski I, Mononen T, Ovaskainen O. Eco-evolutionary metapopulation dynamics and the spatial scale of adaptation. Am Nat. 2011;177(1):29-43. https://doi.org/10.1086/657625

Wheat CW, Fescemyer HW, Kvist J, et al. Functional genomics of life history variation in a butterfly metapopulation. Mol Ecol. 2011;20(9):1813-1828. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-294X.2011.05062.x

Laine A. Context-dependent effects of induced resistance under co-infection in a plant-pathogen interaction. EVOLUTIONARY APPLICATIONS. 2011;4(5):696-707. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1752-4571.2011.00194.x

Laine A, Burdon JJ, Dodds PN, Thrall PH. Spatial variation in disease resistance: From molecules to metapopulations. J Ecol. 2011;99(1):96-112. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2745.2010.01738.x

Austin A, Ovaskainen O, Hanski I. Size and genetic composition of the colonizing propagules in a butterfly metapopulation. Oikos. 2011;120(9):1357-1365. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1600-0706.2010.18992.x

Wang R, Ovaskainen O, Cao Y, et al. Dispersal in the glanville fritillary butterfly in fragmented versus continuous landscapes: Comparison between three methods. Ecol Entomol. 2011;36(2):251-260. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2311.2011.01267.x

Niitepold K, Mattila ALK, Harrison PJ, Hanski I. Flight metabolic rate has contrasting effects on dispersal in the two sexes of the glanville fritillary butterfly. Oecologia. 2011;165(4):847-854. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00442-010-1886-8

Kallioniemi E, Hanski I. Interactive effects of pgi genotype and temperature on larval growth and survival in the glanville fritillary butterfly. Funct Ecol. 2011;25(5):1032-1039. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2435.2011.01854.x

Hanski IA. Eco-evolutionary spatial dynamics in the glanville fritillary butterfly. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2011;108(35):14397-14404. https://doi.org/10.1073/pnas.1110020108

Hanski I, Mononen T. Eco-evolutionary dynamics of dispersal in spatially heterogeneous environments. Ecol Lett. 2011;14(10):1025-1034. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1461-0248.2011.01671.x

Harrison PJ, Hanski I, Ovaskainen O. Bayesian state-space modeling of metapopulation dynamics in the glanville fritillary butterfly. Ecol Monogr. 2011;81(4):581-598. https://doi.org/10.1890/11-0192.1


van Nouhuys S, Punju E. Coexistence of competing parasitoids: Which is the fugitive and where does it hide? Oikos. 2010;119(1):61-70. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1600-0706.2009.17699.x

Castelo MK, van Nouhuys S, Corley JC. Olfactory attraction of the larval parasitoid, hyposoter horticola, to plants infested with eggs of the host butterfly, melitaea cinxia. J Insect Sci. 2010;10.

Wheat CW, Hagg CR, Marden JH, Hanski I, Frilander MJ. Nucleotide polymorphism at a gene (pgi) under balancing selection in a butterfly metapopulation. Mol Biol Evol. 2010;27(2):267-281. https://doi.org/10.1093/molbev/msp227


Soubeyrand S, Laine A-, Hanski I, Penttinen A. Spatiotemporal structure of host-pathogen interactions in a metapopulation. Am Nat. 2009;174(3):308-320. https://doi.org/10.1086/603624

Saastamoinen M, Ikonen S, Hanski I. Significant effects of pgi genotype and body reserves on lifespan in the glanville fritillary butterfly. PROCEEDINGS OF THE ROYAL SOCIETY B-BIOLOGICAL SCIENCES. 2009;276(1660):1313-1322. https://doi.org/10.1098/rspb.2008.1464

Zheng C, Ovaskainen O, Hanski I. Modelling single nucleotide effects in phosphoglucose isomerase on dispersal in the glanville fritillary butterfly: Coupling of ecological and evolutionary dynamics. PHILOSOPHICAL TRANSACTIONS OF THE ROYAL SOCIETY B-BIOLOGICAL SCIENCES. 2009;364(1523):1519-1532. https://doi.org/10.1098/rstb.2009.0005

Niitepold K, Smith AD, Osborne JL, et al. Flight metabolic rate and pgi genotype influence butterfly dispersal rate in the field. Ecology. 2009;90(8):2223-2232. https://doi.org/10.1890/08-1498.1

Orsini L, Wheat CW, Haag CR, Kvist J, Frilander MJ, Hanski I. Fitness differences associated with pgi SNP genotypes in the glanville fritillary butterfly (melitaea cinxia). J Evol Biol. 2009;22(2):367-375. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1420-9101.2008.01653.x

Klemme I, Hanski I. Heritability of and strong single gene (pgi) effects on life-history traits in the glanville fritillary butterfly. J Evol Biol. 2009;22(9):1944-1953. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1420-9101.2009.01807.x


van Nouhuys S, Laine A. Population dynamics and sex ratio of a parasitoid altered by fungal-infected diet of host butterfly. PROCEEDINGS OF THE ROYAL SOCIETY B-BIOLOGICAL SCIENCES. 2008;275(1636):787-795. https://doi.org/10.1098/rspb.2007.1588

van Nouhuys S, Kaartinen R. A parasitoid wasp uses landmarks while monitoring potential resources. PROCEEDINGS OF THE ROYAL SOCIETY B-BIOLOGICAL SCIENCES. 2008;275(1633):377-385. https://doi.org/10.1098/rspb.2007.1446

Reudler Talsma J,H., Torri K, van Nouhuys S. Host plant use by the heath fritillary butterfly, melitaea athalia: Plant habitat, species and chemistry. ARTHROPOD-PLANT INTERACTIONS. 2008;2(2):63-75. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11829-008-9039-2

Reudler Talsma JH, Biere A, Harvey JA, van Nouhuys S. Oviposition cues for a specialist butterfly-plant chemistry and size. J Chem Ecol. 2008;34(9):1202-1212. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10886-008-9519-y

Saastamoinen M. Heritability of dispersal rate and other life history traits in the glanville fritillary butterfly. Heredity. 2008;100(1):39-46. https://doi.org/10.1038/sj.hdy.6801056

Laine A. Temperature-mediated patterns of local adaptation in a natural plant-pathogen metapopulation. Ecol Lett. 2008;11(4):327-337. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1461-0248.2007.01146.x

Ovaskainen O, Smith AD, Osborne JL, et al. Tracking butterfly movements with harmonic radar reveals an effect of population age on movement distance. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2008;105(49):19090-19095. https://doi.org/10.1073/pnas.0802066105

Orsini L, Corander J, Alasentie A, Hanski I. Genetic spatial structure in a butterfly metapopulation correlates better with past than present demographic structure. Mol Ecol. 2008;17(11):2629-2642. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-294X.2008.03782.x

Saastamoinen M, Hanski I. Genotypic and environmental effects on flight activity and oviposition in the glanville fritillary butterfly. Am Nat. 2008;171(6):E701-E712. https://doi.org/10.1086/587531

Vera JC, Wheat CW, Fescemyer HW, et al. Rapid transcriptome characterization for a nonmodel organism using 454 pyrosequencing. Mol Ecol. 2008;17(7):1636-1647. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-294X.2008.03666.x


Saastamoinen M, van Nouhuys S, Nieminen M, O'Hara B, Suomi J. Development and survival of a specialist herbivore, melitaea cinxia, on host plants producing high and low concentrations of iridoid glycosides. Ann Zool Fenn. 2007;44(1):70-80.

Saastamoinen M. Life-history, genotypic, and environmental correlates of clutch size in the glanville fritillary butterfly. Ecol Entomol. 2007;32(2):235-242. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2311.2007.00865.x

Laine A. Detecting local adaptation in a natural plant-pathogen metapopulation: A laboratory vs. field transplant approach. J Evol Biol. 2007;20(5):1665-1673. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1420-9101.2007.01359.x

Saastamoinen M. Mobility and lifetime fecundity in new versus old populations of the glanville fritillary butterfly. Oecologia. 2007;153(3):569-578. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00442-007-0772-5

Orsini L, Pajunen M, Hanski I, Savilahti H. SNP discovery by mismatch-targeting of mu transposition. Nucleic Acids Res. 2007;35(6). https://doi.org/10.1093/nar/gkm070

Zheng C, Ovaskainen O, Saastamoinen M, Hanski I. Age-dependent survival analyzed with bayesian models of mark-recapture data. Ecology. 2007;88(8):1970-1976. https://doi.org/10.1890/06-1246.1


Laine AL, Hanski I. Large-scale spatial dynamics of a specialist plant pathogen in a fragmented landscape. J Ecol. 2006;94(1):217-226. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2745.2005.01075.x

Ovaskainen O, Laine AL. Inferring evolutionary signals from ecological data in a plant-pathogen metapopulation. Ecology. 2006;87(4):880-891. https://doi.org/10.1890/0012-9658(2006)87[880:IESFED]2.0.CO;2

Laine AL. Evolution of host resistance: Looking for coevolutionary hotspots at small spatial scales. PROCEEDINGS OF THE ROYAL SOCIETY B-BIOLOGICAL SCIENCES. 2006;273(1584):267-273. https://doi.org/10.1098/rspb.2005.3303

Hanski I, Saastamoinen M, Ovaskainen O. Dispersal-related life-history trade-offs in a butterfly metapopulation. J Anim Ecol. 2006;75(1):91-100. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2656.2005.01024.x

Hanski I, Saccheri I. Molecular-level variation affects population growth in a butterfly metapopulation. PLOS BIOLOGY. 2006;4(5):719-726. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pbio.0040129


Harvey JA, Van Nouhuys S, Biere A. Effects of quantitative variation in allelochemicals in plantago lanceolata on development of a generalist and a specialist herbivore and their endoparasitoids. J Chem Ecol. 2005;31(2):287-302. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10886-005-1341-1

van Nouhuys S. Effects of habitat fragmentation at different trophic levels in insect communities. Ann Zool Fenn. 2005;42(4):433-447.

Laine AL. Spatial scale of local adaptation in a plant-pathogen metapopulation. J Evol Biol. 2005;18(4):930-938. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1420-9101.2005.00933.x

Kankare M, Van Nouhuys S, Hanski I. Genetic divergence among host-specific cryptic species in cotesia melitaearum aggregate (hymenoptera : Braconidae), parasitoids of checkerspot butterflies. Ann Entomol Soc Am. 2005;98(3):382-394. https://doi.org/10.1603/0013-8746(2005)098[0382:GDAHCS]2.0.CO;2

Haag CR, Saastamoinen M, Marden JH, Hanski I. A candidate locus for variation in dispersal rate in a butterfly metapopulation. PROCEEDINGS OF THE ROYAL SOCIETY B-BIOLOGICAL SCIENCES. 2005;272(1580):2449-2456. https://doi.org/10.1098/rspb.2005.3235

Kankare M, van Nouhuys S, Gaggiotti O, Hanski I. Metapopulation genetic structure of two coexisting parasitoids of the glanville fritillary butterfly. Oecologia. 2005;143(1):77-84. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00442-004-1782-1

van Nouhuys S, Ehrnsten J. Wasp behavior leads to uniform parasitism of a host available only a few hours per year. Behav Ecol. 2004;15(4):661-665. https://doi.org/10.1093/beheco/arh059


Van Nouhuys S, Lei GC. Parasitoid-host metapopulation dynamics: The causes and consequences of phenological asynchrony. J Anim Ecol. 2004;73(3):526-535. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.0021-8790.2004.00827.x

Hanski I, Eralahti C, Kankare M, Ovaskainen O, Siren H. Variation in migration propensity among individuals maintained by landscape structure. Ecol Lett. 2004;7(10):958-966. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1461-0248.2004.00654.x

Laine AL. A powdery mildew infection on a shared host plant affects the dynamics of the glanville fritillary butterfly populations. Oikos. 2004;107(2):329-337. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.0030-1299.2004.12990.x

Laine AL. Resistance variation within and among host populations in a plant-pathogen metapopulation: Implications for regional pathogen dynamics. J Ecol. 2004;92(6):990-1000. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.0022-0477.2004.00925.x

Ovaskainen O, Hanski I. From individual behavior to metapopulation dynamics: Unifying the patchy population and classic metapopulation models. Am Nat. 2004;164(3):364-377. https://doi.org/10.1086/423151


Drechsler M, Frank K, Hanski I, O'Hara RB, Wissel C. Ranking metapopulation extinction risk: From patterns in data to conservation management decisions. Ecol Appl. 2003;13(4):990-998. https://doi.org/10.1890/1051-0761(2003)13[990:RMERFP]2.0.CO;2

Van Nouhuys S, Singer MC, Nieminen M. Spatial and temporal patterns of caterpillar performance and the suitability of two host plant species. Ecol Entomol. 2003;28(2):193-202. https://doi.org/10.1046/j.1365-2311.2003.00501.x

Nieminen M, Suomi J, Van Nouhuys S, Sauri P, Riekkola ML. Effect of iridoid glycoside content on oviposition host plant choice and parasitism in a specialist herbivore. J Chem Ecol. 2003;29(4):823-844. https://doi.org/10.1023/A:1022923514534

Wiegand T, Jeltsch F, Hanski I, Grimm V. Using pattern-oriented modeling for revealing hidden information: A key for reconciling ecological theory and application. Oikos. 2003;100(2):209-222. https://doi.org/10.1034/j.1600-0706.2003.12027.x

Ovaskainen O, Hanski I. How much does an individual habitat fragment contribute to metapopulation dynamics and persistence? Theor Popul Biol. 2003;64(4):481-495. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0040-5809(03)00102-3

Laine AL. First report of phomopsis subordinaria in a natural population of plantago lanceolata in south-west finland. Plant Pathol. 2003;52(3):422. https://doi.org/10.1046/j.1365-3059.2003.00844.x

Hanski I, Heino M. Metapopulation-level adaptation of insect host plant preference and extinction-colonization dynamics in heterogeneous landscapes. Theor Popul Biol. 2003;64(3):281-290. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0040-5809(03)00093-5

Ovaskainen O, Hanski I. Extinction threshold in metapopulation models. Ann Zool Fenn. 2003;40(2):81-97.


Wahlberg N, Klemetti T, Selonen V, Hanski I. Metapopulation structure and movements in five species of checkerspot butterflies. Oecologia. 2002;130(1):33-43. https://doi.org/10.1007/s004420100775

van Nouhuys S, Hanski I. Colonization rates and distances of a host butterfly and two specific parasitoids in a fragmented landscape. J Anim Ecol. 2002;71(4):639-650. https://doi.org/10.1046/j.1365-2656.2002.00627.x

Hanski I, Breuker CJ, Schops K, Setchfield R, Nieminen M. Population history and life history influence the migration rate of female Glanville fritillary butterflies. Oikos. 2002;98(1):87-97. https://doi.org/10.1034/j.1600-0706.2002.980109.x


Nieminen M, Singer MC, Fortelius W, Schops K, Hanski I. Experimental confirmation that inbreeding depression increases extinction risk in butterfly populations. Am Nat. 2001;157(2):237-doi: 10.1086/318630. ???https://doi.org/10.1086/318630

Haikola S, Fortelius W, O'Hara R,B., et al. Inbreeding depression and the maintenance of genetic load in Melitaea cinxia metapopulations. Conserv Genet. 2001;2(4):325-335. https://doi.org/10.1023/A:1012538329691

Schops K, Hanski I. Population level correlation between pre-alighting and post-alighting host plant preference in the glanville fritillary butterfly. Ecol Entomol. 2001;26(5):517-524. https://doi.org/10.1046/j.1365-2311.2001.00357.x

Hanski I, Singer MC. Extinction-colonization dynamics and host-plant choice in butterfly metapopulations. Am Nat. 2001;158(4):341-353. https://doi.org/10.1086/321985

Heino M, Hanski I. Evolution of migration rate in a spatially realistic metapopulation model. Am Nat. 2001;157(5):495-511. https://doi.org/10.1086/319927

van Nouhuys S, Tay WT. Causes and consequences of small population size for a specialist parasitoid wasp. Oecologia. 2001;128(1):126-133. https://doi.org/10.1007/s004420100635


van Nouhuys S, Hanski I. Apparent competition between parasitoids mediated by a shared hyperparasitoid. Ecol Lett. 2000;3(2):82-84. https://doi.org/10.1046/j.1461-0248.2000.00123.x

Kuussaari M, Singer M, Hanski I. Local specialization and landscape-level influence on host use in an herbivorous insect. Ecology. 2000;81(8):2177-2187. https://doi.org/10.2307/177106

Hanski I, Ovaskainen O. The metapopulation capacity of a fragmented landscape. Nature. 2000;404(6779):755-758. https://doi.org/10.1038/35008063


Van Nouhuys S, Hanski I. Host diet affects extinctions and colonizations in a parasitoid metapopulation. J Anim Ecol. 1999;68(6):1248-1258. https://doi.org/10.1046/j.1365-2656.1999.00365.x


Lei GC, Hanski I. Spatial dynamics of two competing specialist parasitoids in a host metapopulation. J Anim Ecol. 1998;67(3):422-433. https://doi.org/10.1046/j.1365-2656.1998.00204.x

Moilanen A, Hanski I. Metapopulation dynamics: Effects of habitat quality and landscape structure. Ecology. 1998;79(7):2503-2515. https://doi.org/10.2307/176839

Kuussaari M, Saccheri I, Camara M, Hanski I. Allee effect and population dynamics in the glanville fritillary butterfly. Oikos. 1998;82(2):384-392. https://doi.org/10.2307/3546980

Hanski I. Metapopulation dynamics. Nature. 1998;396(6706):41-49. https://doi.org/10.1038/23876

Saccheri I, Kuussaari M, Kankare M, Vikman P, Fortelius W, Hanski I. Inbreeding and extinction in a butterfly metapopulation. Nature. 1998;392(6675):491-494. https://doi.org/10.1038/33136


Lei GC, Hanski I. Metapopulation structure of Cotesia melitaearum, a specialist parasitoid of the butterfly melitaea cinxia. Oikos. 1997;78(1):91-100. https://doi.org/10.2307/3545804


Kuussaari M, Nieminen M, Hanski I. An experimental study of migration in the glanville fritillary butterfly melitaea cinxia. J Anim Ecol. 1996;65(6):791-801. https://doi.org/10.2307/5677

Wahlberg N, Moilanen A, Hanski I. Predicting the occurrence of endangered species in fragmented landscapes. Science. 1996;273(5281):1536-1538. https://doi.org/10.1126/science.273.5281.1536

Hanski I, Moilanen A, Pakkala T, Kuussaari M. The quantitative incidence function model and persistence of an endangered butterfly metapopulation. Conserv Biol. 1996;10(2):578-590. https://doi.org/10.1046/j.1523-1739.1996.10020578.x


HANSKI I, POYRY J, PAKKALA T, KUUSSAARI M. Multiple equilibria in metapopulation dynamics. Nature. 1995;377(6550):618-621. https://doi.org/10.1038/377618a0

HANSKI I, PAKKALA T, KUUSSAARI M, LEI GC. Metapopulation persistence of an endangered butterfly in a fragmented landscape. Oikos. 1995;72(1):21-28. https://doi.org/10.2307/3546033

Palo J, Varvio SL, Hanski I, Vainola R. Developing microsatellite markers for insect population structure: Complex variation in a checkerspot butterfly. Hereditas. 1995;123(3):295-300. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1601-5223.1995.00295.x


HANSKI I, THOMAS CD. Metapopulation dynamics and conservation - a spatially explicit model applied to butterflies. Biol Conserv. 1994;68(2):167-180. https://doi.org/10.1016/0006-3207(94)90348-4

HANSKI I, KUUSSAARI M, NIEMINEN M. Metapopulation structure and migration in the butterfly melitaea-cinxia. Ecology. 1994;75(3):747-762. https://doi.org/10.2307/1941732

HANSKI I. A practical model of metapopulation dynamics. J Anim Ecol. 1994;63(1):151-162. https://doi.org/10.2307/5591