The performance of Finnish universities is measured by, among other things, the number of degrees and publications produced. These numbers determine the amount of funding granted from the Government budget (i.e., core funding) to each university. To supplement its core funding, the University of Helsinki seeks external research funding from various sources. The funding for the University of Helsinki was cut dramatically during 2016, and the University had to launch a long-term change programme to balance its finances.

The University of Helsinki also finances its operations with income generated by its own assets. The major part of the University’s assets consists of real property for its own use. The University of Helsinki also invests in securities and owns companies.