The Department of Surgery is responsible for basic education in surgery at the Faculty of Medicine. Teaching is organised in general and gastrointestinal surgery, orthopedics and traumatology, hand surgery, cardiothoracic surgery, vascular surgery, plastic surgery, urology and physiatry. The Department conducts active research operations and is responsible for postgraduate research education in the field of surgery.
The Department of Surgery operates in facilities provided by the Hospital District of Helsinki and Uusimaa at the Meilahti, Töölö, Jorvi and Peijas hospitals and the Meilahti Triangle Hospital. The Department conducts seamless cooperation with the hospital district. In addition to treating people living within the actual hospital district, the hospital district carries the nationwide responsibility for treating patients requiring transplantation surgery. Some nationwide responsibilities have also been centralised in the field of plastic surgery, including the treatment of patients with severe burns, cleft lip and palate patients, as well as patients requiring craniofacial surgery and sex reassignment surgery.
The Swedish-language teaching unit at the Department has the nationwide responsibility to provide basic education in Swedish.