The Department of Ophthalmology and Otorhinolaryngology is responsible for basic education in ophthalmology and otorhinolaryngology organised by the Faculty of Medicine of the University of Helsinki. The ophthalmology course is organised once a year for students in their fourth year of studies. The otorhinolaryngology course is organised for students in their fifth year of studies in four three-week periods.
The propaedeutic studies provide students with the ability to examine the eye with courses on internal medicine and neurology. The ophthalmology course begins with a propaedeutic multiple choice examination measuring familiarity with the development, structure and functions of the eye. Passing the examination is a requirement for participating in the group teaching of ophthalmology.
The ophthalmology course teaches the relation between ocular findings and systemic diseases, the most common ocular disorders, the principles of low-vision rehabilitation and, particularly, the screening and treatment of ocular disorders under the purview of primary health care. Measuring visual acuity and refracting power, examining fields of vision and colour perception, inspecting the eye externally, everting the eyelid, evaluating refracting media and the fundus of the eye with an ophthalmoscope, measuring intraocular pressure, as well as examining the position, movement and pupillary responses of the eye are among the examination methods taught during the course. In order to support students’ professional orientation, the course includes training to develop their expertise.
- Eye structure and function
- Eye examinations at the ophthalmologist’s practice
- Refractive errors, functional amblyopia and strabismus
- Differential diagnosis and treatment of a painful red eye
- Differential diagnosis of quickly and slowly reduced visual acuity
- Pediatric ocular disorders and child health clinic ophthalmology
- Emergency care of ocular injuries and removal of foreign objects from the eye
- Causes of visual impairment and low-vision rehabilitation
- Treatment scaling in ophthalmology
- Emergency ophthalmology
Teaching in otorhinolaryngology is based on nationwide core content analysis. Licentiates of Medicine must be proficient in collecting the patient history of otorhinolaryngological patients and examining their status in an appropriate manner. They must also be versed in the options of differential diagnosis and able to evaluate the urgency of required tests and treatments, in addition to which they must be familiar with preset clinical paths. Teaching is primarily based on clinic teaching, with lectures (video lectures included) and teaching in small groups as supportive learning methods.