Research groups of the Ecosystems and Environment research programme

Below are the introductions of the research groups that operate partly or wholly at the research programme in alphabetical order.


Aquatic Biogeochemistry Research Unit
In Aquatic Biogeochemistry Research Unit we study how the essential elements of life, carbon, nitrogen, phosphorus and silicon cycling are cycled in water and sediment. These are the key nutrients whose availability determine the distribution of life in Earth’s aquatic environments. 

Aquatic Ecotoxicology in an Urban Environment


How to decide under uncertainty? Our research helps to analyse environmental problems using probability theory.

Benthic Ecology Team Tvärminne
The benthic ecology team at TZS focuses on marine ecology, from basic science to more applied conservation and management issues. Research lines include disturbance ecology, spatial ecology, biodiversity and ecosystem functioning, climate change, invasive species ecology and food-web interactions.


Creative adaptation to wicked socio-environmental disruptions (WISE)
WISE aims to improve decision making over wicked socio-environmental disruptions and to increase Finland’s resilience and adaptation to such disruptions.


The central research theme in ECRU is the development and application of empirical, geospatial, computational and modeling tools to detect global environmental changes and to analyse their ecological and societal impacts. We mostly work on the arctic environment that is undergoing rapid change...

Environmental Policy Research Group (EPRG)
EPRG studies the socio-cognitive aspects of environmental policies and sustainable technologies. Since 2008, several research projects have built up the group’s competence in environmental risk governance, knowledge integration in environmental and technology issues, and sustainability indicators and scenarios.


Urban green infrastructure, including green roofs and walls provide many ecosystem services in built areas. Interdisciplinary research is needed in order to understand the functioning of such man-made constructed ecosystems.

Fisheries and Environmental management
The Fisheries and Environmental Management Group focuses on the interaction between ecosystems and human society. We identify the risks in the use of natural resources, carry out decision analysis between the renewable resources and biodiversity, and integrate the different sources of data and knowledge using Bayesian analysis.


Lake Ecosystem Dynamics
Our research focuses on the functioning of lake ecosystems, especially on food web interactions and their implications on lake management, and on the connections between top-down and bottom-up regulators in the pelagic and littoral zones of lakes.


Nature-Based Solutions
Nature-Based Solutions Research Group concentrates to solve globally significant environmental problems. Research objects range from micro-organisms to ecosystems and to people prone to man-made environmental changes.


Marine Ecosystems Research
The Marine Ecosystems Research Group addresses general questions regarding the functioning of marine ecosystems, but with a particular interest in understanding the dynamics of coastal Baltic Sea ecosystems in the face of environmental change.

Marine risk governance group
MARISK explores marine and maritime risks and environmental problems in their societal and governance context, using social scientific and interdisciplinary methods.


Terrestial Interactions
In our research group, we are interested in how plant and decomposer communities interact in terrestrial ecosystems, how herbivore communities can manipulate this interaction and how these interactions together control the functioning and climatic responses of terrestrial ecosystems.


Urban Ecology Research
The Urban Ecology Research Group focuses on multidisciplinary research in the urban setting. To enhance sustainable urban development we communicate our research findings to planners, managers and decision makers. We are involved in HELSUS and the Urban Academy platform.

Exploring the structure and functioning of urban green- and blue spaces

Urban Environmental Policy
The topics of our research group relate to climate change adaptation, maladaptation and climate change mitigation.