Mikko's Phylogeny Archive

PanicMain Groups of Chordates

  Main Groups of Cartilagous Fishes  

 

    Chondrichthyes (Cartilagous fishes; rustokalat)

        †CoronodontiaPalaeospondyliformesMongolepida Karatajüte-Talimaa et al. 1990
        †CLADOSELACHIMORPHACladoselachiformes
        EUCHONDROCEPHALIHelodontiformesSymmoriida Zangerl, 1981 [Symmoriiformes]
            Holocephali (Ratfishes; koppapäiset)
                †Paraselachimorpha [paraphyletic?]
                    †Desmiodontiformes Zangerl, 1981
                    †Oreodontiformes Zangerl, 1981
                    †IniopterygiformesEugeneodontiformesPetalodontiformes
                Holocephalimorpha (sillikuningaskalat; holocephalans, rabbitfish, chimaerans)
                    †ChondrenchelyiformesPsammodontiformesCochliodontiformesMenaspiformesCopodontiformes
                    Chimaeriformes (Ratfishes; sillikuningaskalat)
            Elasmobranchii (leveäsuiset, true sharks)
                †SquatinactiformesEuselachii Hay, 1902 [paraphyletic]
                    †Xenacanthiformes Berg, 1940 [Xenacanthida Glikman, 1964]
                    †Ctenacanthiformes [paraphyletic]
                    †Hybodontiformes Owen, 1846 [Hybodontoidei Zangerl, 1981] [paraphyletic]
                Neoselachii Compagno, 1977
                    Galea Shirai, 1996 [Galeomorphii Compagno, 1973, Galeomorpha] (aitohai, suurhait; true sharks)
                        Heterodontiformes (sarvihait; bullhead sharks, horn sharks, Port Jackson sharks)
                        Orectolobiformes (partahait)
                        Carcharhiniformes Compagno, 1977 (requiemsharks and relatives; ihmishait)
                        Lamniformes (sinihait)
                    Squalea Shirai, 1996 
                        Chlamydoselachiformes
                        HexancanthiformesSynechodontiformes Duffin & Ward, 1993
                        Echinorhiniformes
                        Delatiiformes [paraphyletic]
                        Squaliformes [paraphyletic]
                        Hypnosqualea [Squatinomorphii]
                            Squatiniformes Buen, 1926
                            Pristiophoriformes Berg, 1958
                            Badidoidimorpha ["Rajimorpha", Hypotremata, Batoidea, Batomorphii Cappetta, 1980]
                                Torpediniformes [Torpedinoidei] (sähkörauskut; electric rays)
                                Pristiformes [Pristoidei] (saharauskut; sawfishes)
                                Rajiformes (aitorauskut)
                                Myliobatiformes (suurrauskut; great rays)

Reference(s):

Carroll, R. L., 1988: Vertebrate paleontology and evolution.
–W. H. Freeman and company, New York, 1988, 698

Carroll, R. L., 1988: Appendix. 594-648
in Carroll, R. L., 1988: Vertebrate paleontology and evolution.
–W. H. Freeman and company, New York, 1988, 698

Long, J. A., 1995: The Rise of Fishes: 500 million years of evolution.
–Johns Hopkins University Press, Baltimore & London, pp. 1-223

Nelson, J. S., 1994: Fishes of the world.
–John Wiley & Sons Inc., New York, 1994, xx-600

 

© Mikko Haaramo,

/ Last updated 2003-06-28 / http://www.helsinki.fi/~mhaaramo