After Li, Grande & Wilson, 1997, Zhang, 1998 and Hilton, 2003

<==o Osteoglossomorpha Greenwood, Rosen, Weitzman & Myers, 1966 (bony-tongue fishes and relatives; luukieliset)
   |?- †Jiaohichthys pulchellus Ma, 1983 [Jiaohichthyidae]
   |?- †Liaoxiichthys longicephalus Su, 1992
   |?- †Nierrkunia liae Su, 1992
   |?- †Suziichthys xinbinensis Su, 1992
   |?- †Ichthyodectiformes Bardeck & Sprinkle, 1969
   |?-o †Juiquanichthyidae Ma, 1984
   |  |-- †Juiquanichthys liui Ma, 1984
   |  |-- †Changma shenjiawanensis Ma, 1984
   |  `--o †Qilianichthys Ma, 1984
   |     |-- †Q. hanxiaensis Ma, 1984
   |     `-- †Q. changmaensis Ma, 1984
   |-- †Lycopteridae Liu, Su, Huang & Chang, 1963 [Lycopteriformes]
   `--+?-o †Kuyangichthidae Liu, Ma & Liu, 1982
      |  |-- †Kuyangichthys microdus Liu, Ma & Liu, 1982
      |  `-- †Pulinia baojiatunensis Ma, 1983
      |-- Hiodontiformes Taverne, 1979 (kuusilmäkalat)
      `--+--o †Paralycoptera Chang & Chou, 1977; U. Jur. EAs.
         |  |-- †P. wui Chang & Chou, 1977
         |  `-- †P. changi Ma & Sun, 1988
         `--+-- †Jinanichthys longicephalus Ma & Sun, 1988
            `--o Osteoglossiformes Regan, 1909 sensu Zhang, 2004 (bony-tongue fishes; arapaimakalat)
               |-- †Xixiaichthys tongxinensis Zhang, 2004
               `--o Osteoglossiformes Regan, 1909 sensu Zhang, 1998
                  |--o †Huashiidae Chang & Chou, 1977
                  |  |--o †Huashia Chang & Chou, 1977
                  |  |  |-- †H. gracilis Chang & Chou, 1977
                  |  |  `-- †H. tungi Ma, 1986
                  |  `-- †Kuntulunia longipterus Liu, Ma & Liu, 1982
                  `-- Osteoglossiformes Regan, 1909 (bony-tongue fishes; arapaimakalat)

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