After Wyss & Flynn, 1993, McKenna & Bell, 1997, and Ginsburg & Morales, 1998

<==o Arctoidea Flower (karhumaiset petoeläimet)
   |--o Mustelida [Musteloidea]
   |  |?- †Mustelavus priscus
   |  |--+-- Procyonidae (half-bears, raccoons; puolikarhut)
   |  |  `-- Ailuridae Gray, 1843 [Procyonidae: Simocyoninae+Ailurinae] (golden pandas; pikkupandat)
   |  `--+-- †Bavarictis gaimersheimensis
   |     |-- †Mustelictis
   |     `--+-- †Pseudobassaris riggsi
   |        `--+--o †Plesictis [Mustelavus]
   |           |  `-- †“Plesictis” julieni sicaulensis Viret, 1929
   |           `--+--o †Oligobuninae [usually treated as basal pinnipedians]
   |              |  |-- †Promartes olcotti
   |              |  |-- †Potamotherium valletoni
   |              |  `-- †Oligobunis crassivultus
   |              `-- Mustelidae (weasels; näädät)
   `--o Ursida Tedford, 1976
      |?- †Adelpharctos
      |?- †Adracon
      |?- †Allocyon
      |?- †Drassonax
      |?- †Kolponomos
      |?- †Plesiocyon
      |?-+-- †Nothocyon geismarianus (Cope, 1878) Matthew, 1899
      |  |--o †Subparictis Clark & Guensburg, 1972 sensu Wang & Tedford, 1992
      |  |  `-- †S. dakotensis
      |  `--o †Parictis Scott, 1893
      |     `-- †P. primaevus Scott, 1893
      |--o Ursidae Fisher de Waldheim, 1817 sensu Rybczynski, Dawson & Tedford, 2009
      |  |--o †Amphicynodon [Cynodon, Paracynodon]
      |  |  `-- †A. teilhardi Matthew & Granger, 1924
      |  `--+-- †Cephalogale
      |     `--+-- †Pachycynodon
      |        `-- Ursoidea Fisher de Waldheim, 1817 (Flower, 1869) (bear-like carnivores; karhunsukuiset petoeläimet)
      `--+--o †Amphicticeps Matthew & Granger, 1924
         |  |-- †A. shackelfordi Matthew & Granger, 1924
         |  |-- †A. durog Wang, McKenna & Dashzeveg, 2005
         |  `-- †A. makhchinus Wang, McKenna & Dashzeveg, 2005
         `-- Pinnipedimorpha Berta, 1991 [Pinnipedia sensu lato] (seals; eväjalkaiset petoeläimet)

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