After Koepfli et al., 2008, Sato et al., 2009; Yu et al, 2011, Sato et al., 2012, & Li et al., 2014, with recent species from Nowak, 1991 and fossil genera from Carroll, 1988, and McKenna & Bell, 1997

<==o Mustelidae Swainson, 1835 (näätäeläimet)
   |?- †“Martesnambianus Cope, 1874 [Martinogale nambianus (Cope) Hall, 1930]
   |?- †Luogale Schmidt-Kittler, 1987
   |?- †Bathygale
   |?- †Plesiogale postfelina Pomel, 1947
   |?-o †Stromeriella Dehm, 1950 [a procyonid?]
   |  |-- †S. franconica Dehm, 1950
   |  `-- †S. depressa Morlo 1996
   |?- †Franconictis Wolsan, 1993
   |?- †Paragale Petter, 1967
   |?- †Rhodanictis depereti
   |?- †Sivalictis Pilgrim, 1932
   |?- †Ailurictis Trouessart, 1899
   |?- †Laphyctis Viret, 1933 [Ischyrictis]
   |?- †Mellidelavus
   |?- †Presictis
   |?- †Protarctos? Kretzoi, 1945
   |?- †Pyctis inamatus Babbitt, 1999
   |?- †Ekorus ekakeran Werdelin, 2003
   |?-o †Hoplictis Ginsburg, 1961 [Beckia Bryant 1968]
   |  |-- †H. noveli
   |  |-- †H. florancei
   |  |-- †H. helbingi
   |  `-- †H. grangerensis (Bryant, 1968) [Beckia grangerensis; Ischyrictis grangerensis]
   |?-o †Ischyrictis
   |  |-- †I. bezianensis Ginsburg & Morales, 1992
   |  `-- †I. zibethoides (Blainville, 1841) Ginsburg & Morales, 1992 [Viverra zibethoides Blainville, 1841]
   |?- †Mioictis dubia
   |?- †Leptarctinae Gazin, 1936 sensu Qiu & Schmidt-Kittler, 1982
   |?- Mephitinae Bonaparte, 1845 non Gill, 1872 (skunks; haisunäädät) [most recent phylogenetic analysis treat skunks as an independent family of basal musteloids]
   `--+-- Taxidiinae Pocock, 1920 [Taxidini Pocock, 1920 sensu McKenna & Bell, 1997] (American badgers; amerikanmäyrä)
      `--+--+-- Mellivorinae Gill, 1872 (honey badgers; mesimäyrät)
         |  `-- Melinae Burminster, 1850 (badgers; mäyrät)
         `--+-- Guloninae Miller, 1912 [Gulonini (Webb, 1969); Martinae sensu Yu et al., 2011] (wolverines; ahmat)
            `--+--o Helictidinae [Helictinae]
               |  `--o Melogale I. Geoffroy Saint-Hilaire, 1831 (Ferret badgers; aurinkomäyrät)
               |     |--+-- M. moschata (Gray, 1831) (Chinese Ferret-badger; kiinanaurinkomäyrä)
               |     |  `?- M. sorella [ssp.=>M. moschata?]
               |     |--+-- M. personata I. Geoffroy Saint-Hilaire, 1831 (Burmese Ferret-badger; intianaurinkomäyrä)
               |     |  `?- M. orientalis Blanford, 1888 [M. personata orientalis Blanford, 1888] (Javan Ferret-badger; idänaurinkomäyrä)
               |     `-- M. everetti (Thomas, 1895) (Bornean Ferret-badger; Everett's ferretbadger)
               `--+-- Mustelinae (weasels; kärpät)
                  `--+-- Lutrinae (otters; saukot)
                     `-- Ictonyctinae Pocock, 1921 sensu Sato et al., 2012

After Sato, Wolsan, Prevosti, D'Elía, Begg, Begg, Hosoda, Campbell & Suzuki, 2012

<==o Musteloidea
   |-- Mephitidae
   `--+-- Ailuridae
      `--+-- Procyonidae
         `--o Mustelidae
            |--o Taxidiinae
            |  `-- Taxidea
            `--+--+--o Mellivorinae
               |  |  `-- Mellivora
               |  `--o Melinae
               |     |-- Arctonyx
               |      `-- Meles
               `--+--o Guloninae
                  |  |-- Martes (Pekania) pennanti
                  |  `--+--+-- Gulo gulo
                  |     |  `-- Martes (Charronia) flavigula
                  |     `--+-- Martes (Mertes) foina
                  |        `--+-- Martes (Mertes) americana
                  |           `--+-- Martes (Mertes) melampus
                  |              `-- Martes (Mertes) zibellina
                  `--+--o Helictidinae
                     |  `-- Melogale
                     `--+--+--o Lutrinae
                        |  |  |-- Lontra
                        |  |  `--+-- Enhydra
                        |  |     `-- Aonyx
                        |  `--o Ictonyctinae
                        |     |--o Lyncodontini
                        |     |  |-- Lyncodon
                        |     |  `-- Galictis
                        |     `--o Ictonychini
                        |        |-- Vormela
                        |        `--+-- Ictonyx libyca [Poecilictis]
                        |           `--+-- Poecilogale albinucha
                        |              `-- Ictonyx striatus
                        `--o Mustelinae
                           |-- Neovison vison
                           `--o Mustela
                              |--+-- M. nudipes
                              |  `-- M. strigidorsa
                              `--+-- M. kathiah
                                 `--+-- M. erminea
                                    `--+--+-- M. nivalis
                                       |  `-- M. altaica
                                       `--+-- M. itatsi
                                          `--+-- M. sibirica
                                             `--+-- M. lutreola
                                                `--+-- M. eversmanni
                                                   |-- M. putorius
                                                   `-- M. furo


Reference(s):

  • Sato, J. J., Wolsan, M., Prevosti, F. J., D'Elía, G., Begg, C., Begg, K., Hosoda, T., Campbell, K. L. & Suzuki, H., 2012: Evolutionary and biogeographic history of weasel-like carnivorans (Musteloidea).
    –Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution: Vol. 63, #3, pp. 745-757 [doi: 10.1016/j.ympev.2012.02.025]

After Yu, Peng, Liu, Luan, Liang, Lee, H., Lee, M., Ryder & Zhang, 2011

<==+-- Ailuridae
   |-- Mephitidae
   `--+-- Procyonidae
      `--o Mustelidae
         |--o Taxidiinae
         |  `-- Taxidea
         `--+--o Melinae
            |  |-- Arctonyx
            |  `-- Meles
            `--+--o Martinae
               |  |-- Martes (Pekania) pennanti
               |  `--+-- Gulo gulo
               |     `--+-- Martes (Charronia) flavigula
               |        `--+-- Martes (Mertes) foina
               |           `--+-- Martes (Mertes) americana
               |              `--+-- Martes (Mertes) melampus
               |                 `-- Martes (Mertes) zibellina
               `--+--o Helictidinae
                  |  `-- Melogale
                  `--+--o Lutrinae
                     |  |-- Enhydra
                     |  `-- Lutra
                     `--o Mustelinae
                        |--+-- Neovison vison
                        |  `-- Mustela (Mustela) frenata
                        `--+-- M. (Mustela) kathiah
                           `--+-- Mustela (Mustela) nivalis
                              `--+-- Mustela (Lutreola) sibirica
                                 `-- Mustela (Putorius) putorius

Reference(s):

  • Yu, L., Peng, D., Liu, J., Luan, P., Liang, L., Lee, H., Lee, M., Ryder, O. & Zhang, Y., 2011: On the phylogeny of Mustelidae subfamilies: analysis of seventeen nuclear non-coding loci and mitochondrial complete genomes.
    –BMC Evolutionary Biology: Vol. 11, #1, pp. 92 [doi: 10.1186/1471-2148-11-92]

After Sato, Wolsan, Minami, Hosoda, Sinaga, Hiyama, Yamaguchi & Suzuki, 2009

<==o Musteloidea
   |-- Mephitidae
   `--+-- Ailuridae
      `--+-- Procyonidae
         `--o Mustelidae
            |--o Taxidiinae
            |  `-- Taxidea
            `--+--o Melinae
               |  |-- Arctonyx
               |  `-- Meles
               `--+--o Guloninae
                  |  |-- Gulo gulo
                  |  `--+-- Martes (Pekania) pennanti
                  |     `--+-- Martes (Charronia) flavigula
                  |        `--+-- Martes (Mertes) foina
                  |           `--+-- Martes (Mertes) americana
                  |              `--+-- Martes (Mertes) melampus
                  |                 `-- Martes (Mertes) zibellina
                  `--+--o Helictidinae
                     |  `-- Melogale
                     `--+--o Lutrinae
                        |  |-- Lontra
                        |  `--+-- Enhydra
                        |     `-- Aonyx
                        `--o Mustelinae
                           |-- Neovison vison
                           `--o Mustela
                              |--+-- M. nudipes
                              |  `-- M. strigidorsa
                              `--+-- M. kathiah
                                 `--+-- M. erminea
                                    `--+--+-- M. nivalis
                                       |  `-- M. altaica
                                       `--+-- M. lutreola
                                          `--+-- M. itatsi
                                             `--+-- M. sibirica
                                                `--+-- M. eversmanni
                                                   `--+-- M. putorius
                                                      `-- M. furo

Reference(s):

  • Sato, J. J., Wolsan, M., Minami, S., Hosoda, T., Sinaga, M. H., Hiyama, K., Yamaguchi, Y. & Suzuki, H., 2009: Deciphering and dating the red panda's ancestry and early adaptive radiation of Musteloidea.
    –Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution: Vol. 53, #3, pp. 907-922 [doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ympev.2009.08.019]

After Koepfli, Deere, Slater, Begg, C., Begg, K., Grassman, Lucherini, Veron & Wayne, 2008

<==o Mustelidae
   |--o Taxidiinae
   |  `-- Taxidea
   `--+--o Mellivorinae
      |  `-- Mellivora
      `--+--+--o Melinae
         |  |  |-- Arctonyx
         |  |  `-- Meles
         |  `--o Martinae
         |     |-- Eira
         |     `--+-- Martes (Pekania) pennanti
         |        `--+-- Gulo gulo
         |           `--+-- Martes (Charronia) flavigula
         |              `--+-- Martes (Mertes) foina
         |                 `--+-- Martes (Mertes) melampus
         |                    |-- Martes (Mertes) americana
         |                    `--+-- Martes (Mertes) zibellina
         |                       `-- Martes (Mertes) martes
         `--+--o Helictidinae
            |  `-- Melogale
            `--+--o Galictinae
               |  |-- Galictis
               |  `--+-- Vormela
               |     `--+-- Ictonyx libyca [Poecilictis]
               |        `--+-- Poecilogale
               |           `-- Ictonyx striatus
               `--+--o Lutrinae
                  |  |-- Pteronura
                  |  `--+--o Lontra
                  |     |  |-- L. canadensis
                  |     |  `--+-- L. felina
                  |     |     `-- L. longicaudis
                  |     `--+-- Hydrictis
                  |        |-- Enhydra
                  |        `--+-- Lutra
                  |           `--+-- Aonyx capensis
                  |              `--+-- Lutrogale perspicillata
                  |                 `-- Aonyx cinereus [Amblonyx]
                  `--o Mustelinae
                     |--+-- Neovison vison
                     |  `-- Mustela (Mustela) frenata
                     `--+--+-- Mustela (Lutreola) strigidorsa
                        |  `-- Mustela (Lutreola) nudipes
                        `--+-- Mustela (Mustela) erminea
                           `--+--+-- Mustela (Mustela) altaica
                              |  `-- Mustela (Mustela) nivalis
                              `--+-- Mustela (Lutreola) sibirica
                                 `--+-- Mustela (Lutreola) lutreola
                                    `--+-- Mustela (Putorius) nigripes
                                       `--+-- Mustela (Putorius) putorius
                                          `-- Mustela (Putorius) eversmanni

Reference(s):

  • Koepfli, K.-P., Deere, K., Slater, G., Begg, C., Begg, K., Grassman, L., Lucherini, M., Veron, G. & Wayne, R., 2008: Multigene phylogeny of the Mustelidae: Resolving relationships, tempo and biogeographic history of a mammalian adaptive radiation.
    –BMC Biology: Vol. 6, #1, pp. 10 [doi: 10.1186/1741-7007-6-10]

After Marmi, López-Giráldez & Domingo-Roura, 2004

<==+-- Ailuridae
   `--+-- Mephitidae
      `--+-- Procyonidae
         `--o Mustelidae
            |-- Meles
            `--+--o Martinae
               |  |-- Martes (Mertes) foina
               |  `--+-- Gulo gulo
               |     `--+-- Martes (Mertes) melampus
               |        `-- Martes (Mertes) martes
               `--+--+-- Enhydra
                  |  |-- Lontra canadensis
                  |  `--+--Amblonyx cinereus
                  |     `-- Lutra lutra
                  `--+--+-- MuStela altaica
                     |  `--+-- Mustela erminea
                     |     `-- Mustela nivalis
                     `--+--  Mustela nigripes
                        `--+-- Mustela lutreola
                           `-- Mustela putorius

Reference(s):

  • Marmi, J., López-Giráldez, J. F. & Domingo-Roura, X., 2004: Phylogeny, evolutionary history and taxonomy of the Mustelidae based on sequences of the cytochrome b gene and a complex repetitive flanking region.
    –Zoologica Scripta: Vol. 33, #6, pp. 481-499 [doi: 10.1111/j.0300-3256.2004.00165.x]

After Carroll, 1988, and McKenna & Bell, 1997, with recent species from Nowak, 1991

<==o Mustelidae
   |?- †Luogale
   |?- †Bathygale
   |?- †Plesiogale
   |?- †Stromeriella
   |?- †Franconictis
   |?- †Paragale
   |?- †Aelurocyon
   |?- †Rhodanictis
   |?- †Sivalictis
   |?- †Ailurictis
   |?- †Brachypsaloides
   |?- †Laphyctis [Ischyrictis]
   |?- †Mellidelavus
   |?- †Mephititaxus
   |?- †Presictis
   |?- †Protarctos?
   |?- †Pyctis inamatus
   |?- †Ekorus
   |?- †Hoplictis
   |?- †Ischyrictis
   |?- †Mioictis
   `--+-- Lutrinae
      |-- Mephitinae
      |-- Mustelinae [incl. Taxidiinae]
      |-- †Leptarctinae
      |-- Mellivorinae
      |-- Melinae
      `--o Guloninae [Gulonini]
         |-- †Iberictis [Ischyrictis]
         `--+-- †Plesiogulo
            `-- Gulo gulo

Reference(s):