Nature-based solutions are solutions to social problems that rely on or are inspired by nature. They produce ecological, social, and economic benefits at the same time. In the future, solutions for housing and the built environment will utilize living organisms that produce or “grow” materials. Nature-based solutions can reduce greenhouse gas emissions from materials and energy production and increase the use of underutilized raw materials and reduce the generation of waste. In addition to wood, several other biobased materials can be used in combination with wood to create novel functionalities and provide needed performance of the necessity products, for example in the construction sector.
We produce insights on how different wood and other biomass substrates can be valorized into novel material concepts with the help of living organism, e.g., fungi, and special plants.