Principles of open publishing

The University of Helsinki’s research results are published in high-standard academic publication channels.

Openness as a rule

The scientific publications* produced at the University of Helsinki will as a rule be openly available. An openly available publication can be read by anyone, at any time and anywhere through the internet.

The requirement for open publication pertains to all members of the University community and the scientific publications they produce.

Scientific publications are self-archived

All scientific publications produced at the University are self-archived into the University’s publication archive HELDA. The publications are entered into the archive through the Tuhat research database.

The obligation to self-archive also pertains to publications which are published directly in an open access publication channel (also known as “gold open access”). If necessary, the University can self-archive the publication on behalf of the author or authors.

Comprehensive self-archiving of the publications in HELDA ensures that the University’s research activities are documented, permanently preserved and available for further use.

Hybrid publication is not recommended

The University of Helsinki does not recommend hybrid publication in which the publisher is paid both the journal subscription fee and the fee for providing open access to an individual article. However, hybrid publication may be justified at the moment, if it facilitates the transfer to a fully open publication model.

The University monitors the development of open access publication and the overall costs of publishing, and will take the necessary steps in good time to ensure open research.

Theses are published openly

The theses for second-cycle degrees and the Licentiate degree as well as doctoral dissertations completed at the University of Helsinki are published in the University’s digital repository, HELDA.

Training and support for open publishing

The University of Helsinki offers training, support and instructions for open access publishing and self-archiving. The training is offered both as part of degree education and as staff training.

The University of Helsinki requires that its researchers adopt the ORCID identifier, link the identifier to their Tuhat profile and use it when publishing academic articles and other written work.

No needless restrictions for further use

The further use of academic publications is not needlessly restricted, and the terms of use are clearly stated. The University recommends the latest version of the common, machine-readable standard CC BY licence from the Creative Commons licence family. This licence recommendation also pertains to theses and dissertations.

The University’s academic publications, theses and dissertations will be retroactively digitised to serve the needs of the fields of science and as copyright legislation allows. The University also promotes retroactively making publications open, e.g., through self-archiving and the retroactive storage of doctoral dissertations.


*Academic publications are articles in academic journals, series, books and conference publications, independent works as well as the theses and dissertations associated with second-cycle, licentiate and doctoral degrees. Whenever possible, the University’s guidelines will also be followed when publishing academic monographs.


These principles were approved on 21 June 2017.