Open science promotes the integrity of research. When research data and processes are made open, research work and its results can be more easily reproduced and replicated, which enhances the quality of research.
The University of Helsinki requires that scholarly publications produced at the University are, as a rule, made openly available.
For other research outputs, openness cannot be fully achieved due to reasons of ethics and law. Research data are often discussed by referring to the FAIR principles (findability, accessibility, interoperability and reusability), according to which research metadata should be findable even if the data themselves are not openly available.
The FAIR principles also mean that research data are produced by taking into account the interoperability of information systems and the reuse of data.
In addition, research integrity requires that the relevant organisation has a separate process for handling violations of these principles.