New information on the routines of competition-level agility dogs in Finland

On a weekly basis, Finnish agility dogs go on walks more than their North American cousins, indicates a study conducted at the University of Helsinki. Warming dogs up before and cooling them down after agility runs is an established practice among Finnish competitors.

A dataset comprising nearly 750 Finnish agility dogs collected by researchers at the University of Helsinki reveals that there are differences in training and competing between different dog skill categories and sizes. Most of the dogs practised agility once or twice a week. Typically, the time spent on active training was a little under 20 minutes per week. 

Dogs at the highest competitive level trained less per week than dogs competing in the lower categories. The researchers speculate that the reason for this is that maintaining the skill level of more experienced dogs requires less training, whereas less advanced dogs require more repetition to acquire new skills.

The higher the level of competing dogs, the more frequently they participated in competitions and the faster they completed the courses. As the skill category went up, so did the share of faultless runs.

“The dogs typically completed two agility runs per month, with the average speed of over 4 m/s,” says Doctoral Researcher Leena Inkilä from the Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, University of Helsinki.

In Finland, competing agility dogs are divided into five height categories. In competitions, the jump height in prorpotion to dog’s height at withers shoulders, increases according to height category. This was also reflected in the jump heights used in training. Higher jumps can cause greater strain on the musculoskeletal system in larger dogs. In addition, the speed of the dogs was greater in the larger categories.

Attention paid to agility dogs’ walking routines and musculoskeletal care

Almost all of the dogs involved in the study were warmed up before agility runs and cooled down afterwards, usually for roughly 10 to 20 minutes. More than 60% of the dogs received musculoskeletal care at least once every three months, with massage and physiotherapy the most commonly used therapies. 

“The typical amount of daily walking was 90 minutes, which is significantly higher than in North American agility dogs surveyed in 2014. Most of the dogs also took part in exercises that improved strength, speed, endurance or body control. However, only a small share of the dogs completed such training at low frequence, less often than twice a week, and the exercises were not usually planned by a professional. Therefore, these exercises may not effectively prevent injuries,” Inkilä notes. 

While agility is a popular canine sport in both Finland and other countries, extensive surveys of related routines have not previously been conducted. 

Data on the routines of Finnish agility dogs during one injury-free year of actively participating in agility were collected in a survey conducted by the Petbone (web pages in Finnish) and FaunaFysio research groups active at the University of Helsinki. The analyses carried out in the study were based on the dog's height at the shoulders and competition category. In addition, the researchers analysed in separate groups dogs that participated in major national and international competitions. 



Leena Inkilä, Heli Hyytiäinen, Anna Hielm-Björkman, Jouni Junnila, Anna Bergh, and Anna Boström. Part I of Finnish Agility Dog Survey: Training and Management of Competition-Level Agility Dogs. Animals  


The project received funding from the Agria research fund and the Finnish Agility Association. 

Size and skill categories in dog agility:

Dog agility has five size categories:

  • Extra small (under 28 cm at the shoulders)

  • Small (28 cm or over to under 35 cm)

  • Medium (35 cm or over to under 43 cm)

  • Small large (43 cm or over to under 50 cm)

  • Large (over 50 cm)


Extra small dogs are allowed to compete in the small category, while small large dogs are allowed to compete in the large category at the discretion of the handler. 


In Finnish dog agility competitions, there are three skill categories: 1 to 3 in ascending order. Dogs can switch categories after they achieve certain predetermined results.