Plans of excursions are still in preparation. They are coordinated with the movement of the conference from Helsinki to Tallinn. There will be excurstions to:

(Medieval) Turku/Åbo: Turku is the oldest Finnish town, established in the thirteenth century. The town functioned as the administrative centre of Finland during the Swedish regime. The excursion will take you to the medieval castle and cathedral and will include a visit to Ristimäki, where archaeological excavations revealed remnants of a cemetery and a building, which could be a church dating from the mid-twelfth century.

Porvoo/Borgå: Porvoo is the second oldest town in Finland, which got its privileges around 1380. This picturesque town is situated only one hour’s drive from Helsinki. The excursion will take you to the old town that still has the medieval town plan, to the medieval cathedral and to “Castle Hill” next to Old town.

Suomenlinna/Sveaborg: Suomenlinna is a fortress built on islands just off Helsinki in the mid-eighteenth century. The fortress belongs to the UNESCO World Heritage list. A ferry will take you to Suomenlinna with a guided walking tour through the fortress, after which you will have time to look at the island on your own and visit its museums and cafés.

Hämeenlinna/Tavastehus and nearby archaeological sites: Hämeenlinna is situated 1.5 hours’ drive from Helsinki. It was established by the Swedish Crown in order to secure its position in the inland area of Finland in the thirteenth century. This castle made of brick is unique in Finland. The excursion includes a guided tour in the castle, as well as a brief visit to the medieval church of Hattula just north of Hämeenlinna.

Tallinn Old Town: The morning ferry to Tallinn takes two hours. Tallinn, the capital of Estonia, was established as a Hanseatic town in 1248. It has always had a strong Nordic connection, having been founded by Danes and ruled by Swedes for a long time. During the excursion we will visit the Old Town, with its well-preserved medieval wall and buildings. The excursion will take us to Niguliste church, where we will see Bernt Notke’s Dance Macabre from the fifteenth century, to the Estonian History Museum and to the Imperial park Kadriorg.

Post-Conference tour in Estonia: The excursion will start early Saturday morning, travelling first to the island of Vormsi, which, from the thirteenth century to 1944, was mainly inhabited by a Swedish-speaking population with its own, unique dialect and traditions. It will then move by bus to Saaremaa, Estonia’s largest island, where we will stay two nights in order to spend the whole day Sunday on Saaremaa and visit several interesting archaeological sites, especially Salme, where two Scandinavian burial ships from the eighth century have recently been excavated.