Twin transition and changing patterns of spatial mobility: a regional approach
Project description

The MOBI-TWIN project sets out to redefine regional attractiveness in the context of significant global transition processes such as the green and digital transition – known as the Twin Transition. The project aims to analyse the changing drivers of spatial mobility and examine the effects of twin transitions on regional attractiveness and human (im)mobility.

A primary focus of MOBI-TWIN is to unravel the underlying factors that influence individuals' decisions to relocate and how these factors may evolve in response to global changes. By analysing various types of moves, including permanent relocations, commuting patterns, and temporary stays, the project aims to gain insights into the intricate dynamics and implications for different European regions.


  • UNDERSTAND patterns, drivers, and forms of spatial mobility during Twin Transition.
  • REDEFINE regional attractiveness under the effects of Twin Transition and develop novel typologies of EU regions.
  • ANALYSE the effects of spatial mobility on EU demographics, society, welfare systems and labour market using microsimulation and agent-based modelling.
  • INITIATE an open policy discussion and engage stakeholders and society on the effects of Twin Transition on spatial mobility for addressing regional inequalities across EU regions.
  • MAXIMISE MOBI-TWIN’s impact by disseminating project’s outcomes to a wide audience and engage multiple types of stakeholders.

At University of Helsinki, the Digital Geography Lab provides expertise on spatial mobility and big data analytics to the project and gives special focus to cross-border regions in the EU, multilocal living and remote working. The lab provides understanding on when and where mobility flows from various forms (migration, commuting, temporary mobility) between the EU regions take place and what factors describe the mobility differences over time.

The MOBI-TWIN project commenced in June 2023 and will continue until May 2026. It brings together a consortium of 9 partners from Belgium, the Netherlands, Spain, Italy, France, Greece, Cyprus, and Finland.

This project is funded from the European Union’s Horizon Europe Research and Innovation Programme under Grant Agreement no. 101094402.