Doctoral Programme in Sustainable Use of Renewable Natural Resources

AGFOREE is a Doctoral Programme in Sustainable Use of Renewable Natural Resources. It focuses on plant production, forests, domestic animals, technology, the environment and economy. Sustainable use of resources is imperative for the future of humankind, nature and planet Earth.

Many of the research fields included in AGFOREE integrate basic and applied research. We explore basic natural processes in phenomena spanning scales from the molecular to the global, and we study their socio-economic aspects and related environmental policy context.

Currently our candidates are enrolled at the Faculty of  Agriculture and Forestry.

AGFOREE is a Doctoral Programme in Sustainable Use of Renewable Natural Resources. It focuses on plant production, forests, domestic animals, technology, the environment and economy. Sustainable use of resources is imperative for the future of humankind, nature and planet Earth.

Many of the research fields included in AGFOREE integrate basic and applied research. We explore basic natural processes in phenomena spanning scales from the molecular to the global, and we study their socio-economic aspects and related environmental policy context.

The programme is international, both in its themes and in practice. We arrange international courses and offer graduate students opportunities for extended visits abroad. We collaborate with top universities and research institutes in Europe, USA and Asia, and we maintain active contacts with developing countries in Africa, Asia and Latin America.

The research field of the programme is unique in Finland. It prepares graduates for a wide range of job opportunities. Doctoral graduates find employment as researchers in universities and research institutes, or as experts in the private and public sector, both in Finland and abroad, where there is consistently strong demand for their expertise.

AGFOREE is a part of the Doctoral School in Environmental, Food and Biological Sciences (YEB)

Research relevant for the AGFOREE doctoral programme is carried out especially in the following departments and faculties:

Department of Agricultural Sciences, Faculty of Agriculture and Forestry
Department of Forest Sciences, Faculty of Agriculture and Forestry
Department of Economics and Management, Faculty of Agriculture and Forestry
Food and Environmental Sciences, Faculty of Agriculture and Forestry
Department of Environmental Sciences, Faculty of Biological and Environmental Sciences

More than 160 supervisors from 17 institutions are currently affiliated to AGFOREE. For a complete list, please follow the links below.


Faculty of Agriculture and Forestry, Department of Forest Sciences

Faculty of Agriculture and Forestry, Department of Agricultural Sciences

Faculty of Agriculture and Forestry, Department of Food and Environmental sciences

Faculty of Agriculture and Forestry, Department of Economics and Management

Faculty of Bio and Environmental Sciences, Department of Biosciences

Faculty of Bio and Environmental Sciences, Department of Environmental Sciences

Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Department of Equine and Small Animal Medicine

Faculty of Natural Sciences, Department of Physics

Ruralia Institute

Aalto University

University of Eastern Finland

University of Technology

University of Turku

University of Vaasa

Arbonaut Oy

European Forest Institute

Finnish Environment Institute (SYKE)


National Land Survey Finland (NLS)

Natural Resources Institute Finland (LUKE)

Stora Enso Wood Supply

Faculty of Agriculture and Forestry, Department of Forest Sciences

Tuomas Aakala, university lecturer

Fred Asiegbu, professor

Erkki Aura, professor

Sami Berghäll, university lecturer

Frank Berninger, university lecturer

Jaana Bäck, professor

Bo Dahlin, professor

Mohamed Elfadl, university lecturer

Mikko Havimo, university lecturer

Jussi Heinonsalo, university lecturer

Kari Heliövaara, professor

Heljä-Sisko Helmisaari, professor

Markus Holopainen, professor

Teemu Hölttä, professor

Jyrki Jauhiainen, university lecturer

Eija Juurola, university lecturer

Pekka Kaitaniemi, university lecturer

Markku Kanninen, professor

Heimo Karppinen, university lecturer

Risto Kasanen, university lecturer

Veli Kivinen, university lecturer

Ilkka Korpela, university lecturer

Liisa Kulmala, university lecturer

Jari Kuuluvainen, university lecturer

Timo Kuuluvainen, university lecturer

Olavi Luukkanen, professor

Päivi Lyytikäinen-Saarenmaa, university lecturer

Esko Mikkonen, professor

Kari Minkkinen, university lecturer

Annikki Mäkelä, professor

Petri Nummi, university lecturer

Albert Porcar-Castell, university lecturer

Pasi Puttonen, professor

Mika Rekola, university lecturer

Juha Rikala, university lecturer

Hannu Rita, university lecturer

Marketta Sipi, professor

Mike Starr, university lecturer

Pauline Stenberg, professor

Olli Tahvonen, professor

Anne Toppinen, professor

Lauri Valsta, professor

Harri Vasander, professor

Mikko Vastaranta, university lecturer

Jari Vauhkonen, university lecturer

Veli-Matti Väänänen, university lecturer

Eshetu Yirdaw, university lecturer

Faculty of Agriculture and Forestry, Department of Agricultural Sciences

Jukka Ahokas, professor

Laura Alakukku, university lecturer

Kari Elo, university lecturer

Paula Elomaa, professor

Mikko Hautala, university lecturer

Juha Helenius, professor

Iryna Herzon, university lecturer

Heikki Hokkanen, university lecturer

Timo Hytönen, professor

Seija Jaakkola, university lecturer

Jarmo Juga, university lecturer

Tuomo Kokkonen, university lecturer

Helena Korpelainen, professor

Hanna-Riitta Kymäläinen, university lecturer

Leena Linden, university lecturer

Hannu Mikkola, university lecturer

Pirjo Mäkelä, professor

Asko Mäki-Tanila, professor

Pauliina Palonen, university lecturer

Minna Pirhonen, university lecturer

Arja Santanen, university lecturer

Mervi Seppänen, professor

Fred Stoddard, professor

Teemu Teeri, professor

Pekka Uimari, university lecturer

Jarmo Valaja, professor

Jari Valkonen, professor

Aila Vanhatalo, professor

Faculty of Agriculture and Forestry, Department of Food and Environmental Sciences

Helina Hartikainen, university lecturer

Taina Lundell, professor

Asko Simojoki, university lecturer

Markku Yli-Halla, professor emeritus

Faculty of Agriculture and Forestry, Department of Economics and Management

Stefan Bäckman, university lecturer

Kari Hyytiäinen, university lecturer

Jukka Kola, rector, professor

Anna-Kaisa Kosenius, university lecturer

Marko Lindroos, university lecturer

Chiara Lombardini, university lecturer

Katja Lähtinen, university lecturer

Pekka Mäkinen, university lecturer

Petri Ollila, university lecturer

Markku Ollikainen, professor

Timo Sipiläinen, professor

Bodo Steiner, professor

John Sumelius, professor

Matti Ylätalo, university lecturer

Faculty of Bio and Environmental Sciences, Department of Biosciences

Kristiina Himanen, university lecturer

Heikki Hänninen, professor

Matthew Robson, university lecturer

Faculty of Bio and Environmental Sciences, Department of Environmental Sciences

Atte Korhola, professor

Pekka Kauppi, university lecturer

Kristina Lindström, professor

Minna Väliranta, university lecturer

Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Department of Equine and Small Animal Medicine

Anna Hielm-Björkman, university lecturer

Minna Rajamäki, university lecturer

Faculty of Natural Sciences, Department of Physics

Pasi Kolari, university lecturer

Maarit Raivonen, university lecturer

Timo Vesala, professor

Ruralia Institute

Sami Kurki, university lecturer

Aalto University

Miina Rautiainen, Assistant professor

University of Eastern Finland

Lauri Mehtätalo, associate professor

Jukka Pumpanen, professor

Timo Tokola, professor

Eeva-stiina Tuittila, professor

University of Technology

Juha Honkatukia, professor

Mika Horttanainen, professor

Helena Kahiluoto, professor

University of Turku

Tuomas Kuhmonen, professor

University of Vaasa

Harri Luomala, professor

Arbonaut Oy

Jussi Peuhkurinen, Head of Unit

European Forest Institute

Marcus Lindner, principal scientist

Finnish Environment Institute (SYKE)

Tim Carter, research professor

Mikko Kuussaari, senior research scientist

Jouni Lehtoranta, senior research scientist

Soile Oinonen, senior research scientist


Juho Rantala, forestry manager

National Land Survey Finland (NLS)

Juha Hyyppä, professor

Natural Resources Institute Finland (LUKE)

Seppo Ahvenjärvi, senmior scientist

Hannu Fritze, adjunct professor

Asko Hannukkala, senior scientist

Jarkko Hantula, research professor

Juha Heikkinen, research professor

Arto Huuskonen, research professor

Saija Huuskonen, senior scientist

Jari Hynynen, research professor

Annika Kangas, research professor

Juha Kantanen, research professor

Hannu Korhonen, principal research scientist

Kaisa Kuoppala, senior scientist

Sirpa Kurppa, research professor

Raija Laiho, research professor

Satu Latvala, researcher

Martin Lidauer, senior scientist

Päivi Merilä, senior scientist

Maarit Mäki, researcher

Harri Mäkinen, principal research scientist

Esa Mäntysaari, research professor

Päivi Mäntysaari, senior researcher

Jarkko Niemi, research professor

Jyrki Niemi, research professor

Mika Nieminen, senior scientist

Risto Ojansuu, senior scientist

Taru Palosuo, senior scientist

Matti Pastell, senior scientist

Eija Pouta, research professor

Pertti Pulkkinen, senior scientist

Jyrki Pusenius, senior scientist

Marketta Rinne, research professor

Kevin Shingfield, senior scientist

Matti Siren, senior scientist

Aino Smolander, principal research scientist

Ismo Strandén, research professor

Raija Tahvonen, research professor

Eila Turtola, research professor

Jori Uusitalo, principal research scientist

Risto Uusitalo, senior scientist

Jussi Uusivuori, research professor

Johanna Vilkki, rearch professor

Stora Enso Wood Supply

Kalle Kärhä, Development Manager

The doctoral education system of the University of Helsinki consists of four doctoral schools and 32 doctoral programmes. All doctoral candidates must belong to a doctoral programme.
New doctoral candidates apply for the right to pursue a doctoral degree from their chosen doctoral programme. Make sure you are eligible for doctoral studies before applying!
The main rule of eligibility is that you must hold either a Finnish Master’s degree or a foreign degree that is roughly comparable to a Finnish Master’s degree. A foreign degree is, as a rule, considered comparable when it makes you eligible to apply for doctoral studies in the country where you have completed the degree.

General guidelines on doctoral admissions in the University of Helsinki:

According to the Universities Act (558/2009) section 37 eligible applicants for studies leading to a postgraduate research degree have completed

  • An applicable second-cycle university degree,
  • An applicable second-cycle degree from a university of applied sciences, or
  • An applicable education at an institution abroad providing eligibility for equivalent higher education in the country in question.

The purpose of student selection is to assess the motivation, commitment and aptitude of the applicants for studies. The right to complete a doctoral degree is granted on the basis of diplomas, certificates and other documents. The admission criteria include previous academic performance, the applicable content of previous studies to the prospective doctoral programme, the study plan and the research proposal.

During the academic year 2017-2018 the application periods are as follows for AGFOREE:


  • 1-14 September, 2017
  • 1-14 November, 2017
  • 1-14 February, 2018
  • 3-16 April, 2018

Apply for doctoral education (including information regarding language requirements)
Eligibility and educational documents
Application process
Selection criteria for doctoral studies in AGFOREE

Applications must be submitted via the online application form. Please read carefully all the criteria before applying. All the applications, which do not fulfill the guidelines and criteria, will be rejected.

Prepare your application carefully, concentrating on the three sections below in addition to the educational documents required to support your application.

  • Find a supervisor: In many ways, the most important person in the whole process of obtaining a doctoral degree is your supervisor. He or she will supervise your research and guide you through your studies. Applications to AGFOREE require that you have a supervisor when you submit your application. An extensive list of AGFOREE supervisors can be found on these webpages. After finding a potential supervisor, contact him or her to discuss your research ideas and plans. Please note that professors and principal investigators get dozens of emails from potential doctoral candidates. If you want to get your email noticed, you must give the professor/ principal investigator the information they need, quickly, clearly and professionally.
  • Write a research plan: this should be written IN ENGLISH directly into the application form. Check the University of Helsinki guidelines for further information.
  • Compose a study plan: consult the AGFOREE degree structure and requirements to plan your doctoral studies.

Documents to be attached to your electronic application form:

  • Copies of your previous degree certificate(s) (Master's degree or equivalent and potential Bachelor's degree)

  • Transcript of records for your previous degree(s) (Master's degree or equivalent and potential Bachelor's degree)

  • Certificate of language proficiency from a language test rather than through your educational background. NOTE! This document must also be sent in paper form to Admissions Services AND must arrive by the application deadline. Instructions for English, Finnish or Swedish language proficiency.

  • A permit by an Ethical Review Board and/or by the National Animal Experiment Board, if required by the research arrangement

  • A signed letter of commitment from your supervisor(s), the responsible professor as well as the proposed members of your thesis committee

Documents to be sent by post to Admissions Services for applicants whose previous degree is not from the University of Helsinki and for applicants proving language proficiency with a language test:

  • An officially certified copy of your previous degree certificate (Master's degree or equivalent)

  • An official transcript of studies included in the Master's degree (or equivalent)

  • Certificate of language proficiency from a language test

Applications, along with the required additional documents, must be submitted by the end of the application period. Applications are submitted via an electronic application form, which closes at 15:00 EEST on the last day of the round of applications. Applications and additional documents sent by email are not accepted. Incomplete applications are not considered.

Application form

When selecting students for doctoral education, it must be ensured that the admitted students have access to high-quality supervision and support related to the topic of their doctoral dissertation. Applications can be rejected if no suitable supervisor can be designated for the dissertation.

The doctoral programme's board assesses all applications to the programme that meet the formal requirements. The board draws up an admission proposal indicating the names of the admitted and rejected applicants, together with the reasons for each decision. The final decision is made by the degree-awarding faculty.

Applicants will be informed of the admission results, including the reasons for them by a letter of acceptance, to be sent by e-mail to the address given in the application. Admitted applicants must report whether they accept the offer by a specified deadline. Those who fail to report whether they accept the offer or to submit the requested documents by the deadline will lose their place.

Timetable for the decisions:

Application period

Letters of acceptance to be sent by

Deadline for accepting the offer

Study right begins

















The so-called one place rule has extended to cover all education leading to a university degree, including doctoral and licentiate degrees. The rule of one study place per term concerns all degree programme application options.
The main points are:

  • If you are offered more than one study place at a higher education institution leading to a university degree starting at the same term, you may accept only one of them
  • A place of study granted through a university-to-university transfer within Finland is not governed by this rule.
  • Accordingly, you may be completing several on-going degree programmes simultaneously, but only if your admission to these programmes has been granted in different terms.

Applicants dissatisfied with admissions decisions may appeal in writing to the faculty council or a body appointed by it within 14 days of the announcement of the admission results. Should you receive a decision rejecting your application, it will be accompanied by information on the appeals procedure.

For further information, please contact the University of Helsinki Admission Services, admissions(at)

Each AGFOREE doctoral candidate must have a follow-up group that evaluates the candidate's progress and offers the candidate support throughout his/her doctoral studies. The first meeting must be arranged within four months after being accepted to AGFOREE after which the subsequent meetings must take place annually. Reports of the meetings must be submitted to AGFOREE in a timely manner.

The follow-up group’s tasks are to:

  • discuss the candidate’s research plan with him or her to ensure the plan is clear, feasible and relevant,
  • give the candidate constructive feedback on the progress of his or her postgraduate studies and research,
  • issue recommendations on studies supporting the candidate’s research work,
  • take up problems and/or issues that need to be addressed and notify the programme coordinator of them, and
  • help the candidate plan his or her post-dissertation career.

Group mem­bers

The candidate and the supervisor(s) together should assemble the candidate's follow-up group. The group must have at least two specialist members from a relevant field of research. Two of the members must hold the qualifications of a docent or equivalent knowledge and, to ensure objectivity, all of them must be independent of the candidate and the supervisor at the time of appointment. It should be noted that at the Faculty of Biological and Environmental Sciences, only one of the two dissertation pre-examiners may be a member of the thesis advisory committee.

There are no limitations as to where the group members come from but it should be noted that neither AGFOREE nor faculties can offer financial support for their travel expenses. Many AGFOREE candidates may find at least one suitable group member from one of the governmental research institutes (SYKE, LUKE or Metsähallitus). It is also advisable that at least one of the group members is well familiar with the requirements for a PhD degree to make sure that the candidate completes the obligatory studies early on in the course of his or her doctoral studies.

While the group members may help the candidate in conceptual matters, and - should they and the candidate's research group so choose - even engage in scientific collaboration, it should be kept in mind that they are busy with students of their own and thus cannot be expected to contribute to data analysis etc.

The first meet­ing

The purpose of the first meeting is that the doctoral candidate introduces him/herself and the research plan to the follow-up group. The candidate is responsible for arranging the meeting and he/she should start scheduling it well in advance due to the hectic schedules of researchers. It is also good to book a room for the meeting early on.

At least one week prior to the scheduled meeting the candidate must send the committee his/her research plan and personal study plan. In the meeting, which format is flexible, the research plan and the personal study plan should be discussed. At the end of the meeting there should be a session where the doctoral candidate may discuss with the group without the supervisor being present, after which the supervisor may discuss with the group without the candidate being present.

An­nual meet­ings

Meetings with the follow-up group must take place annually, although on mutual agreement they may take place more often than once a year. If the first meeting was held during the spring term the annual meetings may also take place during the spring term.

The doctoral candidate must send the group members a report of his or her progress and an up-dated research plan at least one week prior to the scheduled meeting. Main emphasis of the discussion should be placed on the report and the candidate's future plans. As the research plan was already introduced in the first meeting it is not necessary to go through it once again unless major changes have been made.

At the end of the meeting there should be a session where the candidate may discuss with the group without the supervisor being present, after which the supervisor may discuss with the group without the candidate being present.

The pro­gress re­port

Please use the e-forms below to submit your yearly progress report

  1. Follow-up group meeting 1 e-form
  2. Follow-up group meeting 2 e-form
  3. Follow-up group meeting 3 e-form
  4. Follow-up group meeting 4 e-form 


Dis­ser­ta­tion com­ple­tion grant

The dissertation completion grant can be used for writing the summarising report of the thesis. In addition to the summarising report one article may remain incomplete at the beginning of the grant period. The maximum length of the grant period is three months. The grant cannot be used or applied for after the thesis has been submitted to pre-examination.

The decision about the grant will be made by YEB doctoral school. If the application has been submitted by the end of the month the decision will be made by the 21st of the following month. During Christmas and summer holidays the review process may take longer and applicants should take that into account when planning their schedule.

For further information please read these instructions.


Guidelines for the examination of doctoral dissertations

In the Faculty of Agriculture and Forestry

In the Faculty of Biological and Environmental Sciences



It is important to allow enough time for all the bureaucratical steps before and after the public examination of your dissertation. Please refer to the website of your faculty with the latest information on the steps towards graduation. In general, doctoral dissertations are discussed in two faculty council meetings before the public examination and in one after the examination. So, when planning your schedule it is good to check the dates of the faculty council meetings well in advance.

Please, note that all the courses must be completed and registered in WebOodi before leaving the thesis for the pre-examination.

In the first faculty council meeting the pre-examiners of the dissertation are appointed. After this, in the second faculty council meeting the student is granted with the permission to defend the dissertation in a public examination, and the opponent and custodian are appointed. Finally, after the defence the dissertation is approved and graded in the third faculty council meeting.

Rember also that the doctor's diploma is not issued automatically but must be requested using a form available at the faculty homepage.


YEB doc­toral dis­ser­ta­tion series

The Doctoral School in Environmental, Food and Biological Sciences (YEB) has its own series in which docotral candidates can publish their doctoral thesis. Students choosing to publish their thesis in the series will receive assistance with the cover design of the thesis and all other practical matters regarding the publication of the thesis. The thesis can also be published in other series or without a series.

More information on how to publish a thesis in the YEB series is available here.


The pub­lic ex­am­in­a­tion

When the time to defend your thesis is getting closer you should familiarize yourself with both the university and faculty instructions. In the university instructions you can find useful information on, for example:

  • preparing yourself for the public examination
  • dress code
  • lectio praecursoria
  • phrases you are supposed to say at certain points of the examination

The defence custodian will also inform you of the practical details related to the public examination.



The post-doctoral party, or karonkka, is an academic tradition that marks the end of the dissertation process. The doctoral candidate arranges the karonkka to thank the opponent, the custodian and others who have contributed to the work. In addition to them, the invitees to the post-doctoral party should include professors working in the field of the dissertation and others who have aided in the dissertation work. Nowadays, doctoral candidates may invite friends and family along with members of the academic community to this party.

You can find information on the karonkka traditions at the University of Helsinki in here. The site gives useful tips on things such as:

  • invitations to the party
  • dress code
  • seating arrangements
  • programme of the party

It is also a good idea to talk with your friends who have defended recently and ask them for advice. The doctoral programme coordinator may also give some tips.

And lastly, a few things to consider. Towards the end of the spring and autumn term there will be more and more doctoral candidates defending their theses. Furthermore, during summertime there are weddings and before Christmas there are Christmas parties. Thus it is good to book the lecture hall as well as the banquet facility well in advance.

While searching for a banquet facility you might find the City of Helsinki meeting planners' site and the GoExperience site useful. In some places you are allowed to organise the catering as you like, while in some you must get the dinner from the facility. If the catering is unrestricted, you can ask around for a good catering company or google for one. Some banquet facilities may also be able to recommend catering companies.

Once the menu is finalised you may go to Alko with it to get tips on wines to go with the food. The staff knows their wines very well and can also help you on deciding how much you need.

If you want to follow the old karonkka traditions your guest of honor, the opponent, should be seated on your right and the custodian on your left. Your primary supervisor should be seated to the second chair on your right and possible other supervisors to the second chair on your left, to the third chair on your right etc. If the pre-examiners of your thesis attend the karonkka they should be seated after the opponent and the custodian in which case the supervisors are seated to the following chairs on the right and left.

For the speech it is a good idea to write yourself a little list of people you want to thank. Giving the speech may be a very emotional moment and an important name might slip out of your mind. Reserve a handkerchief for yourself too as tears are not a rarity in karonkkas.

It is a custom to tinkle a glass with a spoon to let people know you are about that start your speech. You should start your speech by first thanking and proposing a toast to your opponent and then to the custodian, followed by your supervisors and others you wish to thank. You may also give a little gift to the opponent, the custodian and your supervisors. The opponent, the custodian and your supervisors will reply in the same order you mentioned their names. Many people will reply to you but some may choose not to do so.

Good luck with everything!



Since the founding of the doctoral programme in 2014 more than 60 doctoral candidates have graduated from AGFOREE. Below you can find all AGFOREE dissertations and the date of defense.


69. Hanna Mäkinen, 11 August 2017

Response diversity for climate-resilient forage crops



68. Juha Honkaniemi, 16 June 2017

Integrating mechanistic disturbance models and stand dynamics of Norway spruce



67. Tiina Laine, 19 May 2017

Mechanized tree planting in Finland and improving its productivity



66. Mari Könönen, 12 May 2017

Tropical peat decomposability expressed through physical chemical and biological properties under varying land management intensities



65. Benjamin Anang, 28 April 2017

Microcredit, Production System and Technical Efficiency of Smallholder Rice Production in Northern Ghana



64. Clara Isabel Lizarazo Torres, 21 April 2017

Diversifying Boreal-Nemoral cropping systems for sustainable protein production



63. Pauliina Schiestl-Aalto, 19 April 2017

Modelling intra- and inter-annual growth dynamics of Scots pine in the whole-tree carbon framework



62. Petri Liesivaara, 31 March 2017

Catastrophic yield risks and the demand for crop insurance in Finland



61. Ari Nikula, 24 March 2017

Resource selection of moose Alces alces at multiple scales from trees, plantations and home ranges up to landscapes and regions



60. Emmi Nieminen, 17 March 2017

Bioeconomic and game theoretic applications of optimal Baltic Sea fisheries management : Towards a holistic approach



59. Karri Uotila, 27 January 2017

Optimization of early cleaning and precommercial thinning methods in juvenile stand management of Norway spruce stands



58. Pauliina Hietala, 20 January 2017

Towards more profitable and sustainable milk and beef production system



57. Markku Koskinen, 20 January 2017

Impacts of restoration of forestry-drained peatlands on nutrient and organic carbon exports and methane dynamics




56. Yitagesu Tegegne, 16 December 2016

FLEGT and REDD+ synergies and impacts in the Congo Basin: lessons for global forest governance



55. Anu Riikonen, 17 November 2016

Some ecosystem service aspects of young street tree plantings



54. Sylwia Adamczyk, 28 October 2016

The role of terpenes in carbon and nitrogen cycling in boreal forest soils



53. Topi Tanhuanpää, 28 October 2016

Developing laser scanning applications for mapping and monitoring single tree characteristics for the needs of urban forestry



52. Tapani Jokiniemi, 21 October 2016

Energy efficiency in grain preservation



51. Ioanna Grammatikopoulou, 16 September 2016

Addressing the demand for and supply of ecosystem services in agriculture through market-based and target-based policy measures



50. Jani Holopainen, 2 September 2016

Changing institutions and consumer-driven development of forest products and services



49. Dalia D'amato, 19 August 2016

The ecosystem services approach in corporate sustainability: results from industrial plantation forestry in China



48. Brent Matthies, 20 May 2016

A service-dominant perspective on payments for ecosystem service offerings



47. Marjaana Toivonen, 20 May 2016

Enhancing farmland biodiversity through environmental fallows: effects of fallow type and landscape



46. Daniel Etongo Bau, 13 May 2016

Deforestation and forest degradation in southern Burkina Faso: Understanding the drivers of change and options for revegetation



45. Jaana Korhonen, 6 May 2016

On the high road to future forest sector competitiveness



44. Ninni Saarinen, 22 April 2016

Predicting vegetation characteristics in a changing environment by means of laser scanning



43. Qiuzhen Chen, 8 April 2016

Comparative study in agricultural externalities from empirical point of view: experts perspectives, assessment levels, and policy impacts



42. Milla Niemi, 1 April 2016

Animal-vehicle collisions - from knowledge to mitigation



41. Antti Hyvärinen, 18 March 2016

Suomen maatalouden rakennekehitys tilakohtaisen pääoman kysynnän ja investointien näkökulmasta : Suomen kannattavuuskirjanpitoaineiston vuosiin 1998-2011 perustuva tarkastelu



40. Heini Ahtiainen, 11 March 2016

Benefits of reduced eutrophication: evidence from Finland, the Baltic Sea area and Europe for policy making



39. Jaakko Heikkinen, 11 March 2016

Carbon storage of Finnish agricultural mineral soils and its long-term change



38. Esa-Jussi Viitala, 11 March 2016

The emergence and early development of forest resource economic thought: From land and forest valuation to marginal analysis and vintage capital models



37. Erja Koivunen, 12 February 2016

Home-grown grain legumes in poultry diets



36. Karoliina Rimhanen, 12 February 2016

From carbon source to sink - Managing agriculture for climate change mitigation and food production in Ethiopia




35. Aleksandar Klimeski, 20 November 2015

Characterization of solid phosphorus-retaining materials from laboratory to large-scale treatment of agricultural runoff



34. Heikki Korpunen, 20 November 2015

Activity-based costing method in forest industry modelling the production and costs of sawing, the pulp and paper industry, and energy production



33. Kenedy Epie, 13 November 2015

Sustainable cropping of reed canary grass for energy use



32. Emmi Haltia, 6 November 2016

Contingent valuation and choice experiment of citizens' willingness to pay for forest conservation in southern Finland



31. Maija Kymäläinen, 30 October 2015

Moisture sorption properties and fungal degradation of torrefied wood in storage



30. Ling Zou, 23 October 2015

Crop rotation as a tool towards sustainable barley cropping



29. Nicolas-Damien Detry, 7 October 2015

In Silico Genomics of Fungal Oxidoreductase Genes



28. Seija Virtanen, 2 October 2015

Redox reactions and water quality in cultivated boreal acid sulphate soils in relation to water management



27. Aarne Hovi, 25 September 2015

Towards an enhanced understanding of airborne LiDAR measurements of forest vegetation



26. Svetlana Saarela, 25 September 2015

Use of remotely sensed auxiliary data for improving sample-based forest inventories



25. Kyösti Arovuori, 4 September 2015

Political effectiveness of agricultural policies - An empirical analysis



24. Eeva-Liisa Terhonen, 4 September 2015

Environmental Impact of Using Phlebiopsis gigantea in Stump Treatment Against Heterobasidion annosum sensu lato and Screening Root Endophytes to Identify Other Novel Control Agents



23. Osmo Mattila, 28 August 2015

Towards service-dominant thinking in the Finnish forestry service market



22. Shaimaa Selim, 21 August 2015

Effects of dietary energy on transcriptional adaptations and insulin resistance in dairy cows and mares



21. Liisa Vihervuori, 26 June 2015

Ecological interactions between herbivores and silver birch and aspen trees genetically modified for fungal disease resistance



20. Antti Tuulos, 26 June 2015

Winter turnip rape in mixed cropping: advantages and disadvantages



19. Milton Untiveros Lazaro, 15 June 2015

Molecular variability, genetic relatedness and a novel open reading frame (pispo) of sweet potato-infecting potyviruses



18. Ville Kankare, 5 June 2015

The prediction of single-tree biomass, logging recoveries and quality attributes with laser scanning techniques



17. Liisa Maanavilja, 8 May 2015

Restoration of ecosystem structure and function in boreal spruce swamp forests



16. Johanna Santala, 24 April 2015

Factors Affecting Infection and Detection of the Soilborne Potato Mop-Top Virus



15. Titta Majasalmi, 6 March 2015

Estimation of leaf area index and the fraction of absorbed photosynthetically active radiation in a boreal forest



14. Mikko Hakojärvi, 6 March 2015

Challenges in real-time precision farming: a case study of modelling biomass accumulation



13. Kalle Karttunen, 6 February 2015

Added-value innovation of forest biomass supply chains




12. Anni Alitalo, 12 December 2014

Combination of biological and physico-chemical factors in the development of manure nutrient recovery and recycling-oriented technology



11. Jaana Leppälammi-Kujansuu, 12 December 2014

Norway spruce fine root dynamics and carbon input into soil in relation to environmental factors



10. Reija Haapanen, 5 December 2014

Feature extraction and selection in remote sensing-aided forest inventory



9. Kaarina Matilainen, 5 December 2014

Variance component estimation exploiting Monte Carlo methods and linearization with complex models and large data in animal breeding



8. Nea Kuusinen, 7 November 2014

Boreal forest albedo and its spatial and temporal variation



7. Yijing Zhang, 7 November 2014

Internationalization of the forest industry: A corporate-level analysis




6. Yanping Tian, 26 September 2014

 Strains of Potato Virus Y and Their Molecular Signatures Recognized By Resistance Genes and Monoclonal Antibodies



5. Marjo Ala-Poikela, 17 June 2014

Coordinated functions of the HCpro and VPg proteins of Potato virus A (PVA) with the translation initiation factors eIF4E and eIF(iso)4E



4. Priit Tammeorg, 9 May 2014

Softwood biochar as a soil amendment material for boreal agriculture



3. Paavo Ojanen, 25 April 2014

Estimation of greenhouse gas balance for forestry-drained peatlands



2. Aaron Petty, 4 April 2014

Opportunities for cost mitigation and efficiency improvements through rationalization of small-diameter energy wood supply chains



1. Ville Kankaanhuhta, 21 March 2014

Quality management of forest regeneration activities


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