Students admitted to the Doctoral Programme in Law can complete the degrees of Doctor of Laws and Licentiate of Laws. All successful applicants are admitted to complete a doctoral degree, but they can choose to first complete a Licentiate degree.

The right to complete a degree may only be obtained through an admission procedure. The Doctoral Programme has two application periods for doctoral study rights each year – one in the spring and one in the fall.

The right to complete a Doctor of Laws degree can be granted to applicants who have completed a Master’s or Licentiate degree in law in Finland or abroad, and who are deemed to have sufficient knowledge and skills to complete the doctoral degree and submit a high-quality research plan for a dissertation and an eligible personal study plan (PSP). For good reason, the right to study can also be granted based on a Master’s degree in another discipline, provided that the applicant is deemed sufficiently competent to pursue postgraduate studies in law.

Applicants cannot be granted the right to study unless the Faculty can assign them a supervisor who supports the applicant’s application and agrees to serve as his or her supervisor.

All studies required for a second-cycle degree or equivalent education must be completed before the deadline for applications, and the applicant must be able to present a degree diploma before accepting a place in the programme. Applicants who are pursuing postgraduate studies elsewhere are recommended to outline in their application the scholarly grounds for transferring to the University of Helsinki. Applicants who have previously completed a doctoral degree in another field are also recommended to outline the scholarly grounds for reapplying for doctoral studies. Provisions on the other application enclosures required to demonstrate eligibility are included in the University’s general admission guidelines. Applicants must, for example, demonstrate their proficiency in Finnish, Swedish or English in accordance with the regulations issued.

When considering the capability of applicants to complete a doctoral degree, various factors will be considered, including the following: his or her research plan, study performance in connection with prior degrees (specifically the quality and grade of their thesis), any publications, any experience supporting their intended research, and acquired funding. In assessing the quality of applicants’ research and study plans, the programme considers feasibility, links with other research at the Faculty, scientific significance, and suitability to the profile of the doctoral programme.

If an applicant has completed a degree in a field other than law, the assessment of his or her ability to complete a doctorate considers the above-mentioned factors as well as any studies the applicant has completed in law (including difficulty and study performance), practical experience of professional duties requiring knowledge of law, and the relationship of the applicant’s previous studies, research or other activities with the research conducted at the Faculty.

Applicants must, in good time before submitting the application, contact the discipline relevant to their research interests and discuss the preliminary study plan and research plan as well as arrangements for dissertation supervision.  Each applicant is responsible for finding a supervisor. The teacher who agrees to serve as supervisor submits a separate written statement to the Faculty concerning the applicant, including an assessment of the applicant’s ability to complete the degree and the feasibility and expediency of his or her study and research plans. Applicants must present their supervisor’s supporting statement at the application stage.

In connection with admitting students to doctoral education, the Faculty must ensure that they have access to high-quality supervision and support in the field of their dissertation. Postgraduate students are recommended to have two supervisors who have completed a doctoral degree and of whom at least one  has a permanent or long-term employment contract with the Faculty of Law. As a rule, one supervisor can simultaneously supervise no more than 12 students who are actively completing their doctoral degree. The supervisor’s recommendation does not bind the doctoral programme in its decision on admission. If a supervisor has too many students to supervise, this may constitute grounds for rejecting an application.

The Faculty responsible for the target degree makes the final decision on granting the right to complete the degree based on a proposal by the steering group of the doctoral programme. Each student’s supervisor(s), doctoral degree title and doctoral programme will be confirmed in conjunction with admission. In addition to supervisors, each student will be assigned a supervising professor, who may also serve as one of the dissertation supervisors.

Next application period will be from September 14, 2018 until September 27, 2018.

NB: The applicant must, in good time before submitting the application, contact the relevant discipline for his or her theme for research and discuss the preliminary research proposal, the study plan and arrangements for supervision: In addition to the application statements from the applicant’s prospective supervisors are required. Applicant should ask his/her prospective supervisor(s) to submit their statement(s) by the application deadline using this form:

Supervisor’s statement: an electronic form

Applications are submitted using an electronic application form, which will be open during the application period. All applicants must submit the following documents as part of their application (point 1 is integrated in the electronic application form; points 2-7 are submitted as scanned attachments).

The required documents to be attached to the form:

1. Research plan

The instructions on how drap up your research plan are found by looking at the University of Helsinki research plan template. The following fields related to the research plan are included in the electronic application form (the number in parentheses indicates the maximum number of characters per field, spaces included):

Brief summary of the research plan (1500)
Significance of the project in relation to current knowledge (1500)
Objectives of the research (2000)
Effects and impact beyond academia (500)
Research methods (2000)
Research material to be used and its significance for the research project (1000)
Data management plan (1500)
Critical points for success, alternative implementation strategies (500)
Ethical issues (1000)
Publication plan (including a preliminary outline of a monograph) (1000)
Methods for ensuring open access (more information available on the University Library's website, 500)
Schedule for the research (500)
Funding plan for research and doctoral studies (500)
Applied funding and salaried positions (500)
Motivation for choosing the University of Helsinki as the site of doctoral research and motivation for selecting the doctoral programme (500)
Mobility plan (500)
The most important research literature (1000)

2. Study plan

The personal study plan (PSP) must present the content of the studies and the dissertation, and a schedule and funding plan for the work. The personal study plan will be assessed specifically for its feasibility and appropriateness.

With regard to the timetable, particular attention should be paid to the fact that a full-time postgraduate student should aim to complete the dissertation in about four years and that the required studies must be completed before preliminary examiners are sought for the dissertation. Supervisors are expected to support their students in attaining this objective. The supervisor and doctoral student are required to jointly outline the topic and content of the dissertation in such a way that the degree can be completed within four years of full-time study.

3. Short curriculum vitae including list of publications, if any.

4. A copy of your previous degree certificate (Master's degree or equivalent) and a copy of a detailed transcript of studies included in the degree. Applicants graduated from the University of Helsinki attach electronic copies of their degree certificates and transcript of studies as well as applicants graduated outside of the Helsinki University.

5. Verification of language skills. The University of Helsinki demands an indication of academic level language skills of all applicants. Please acquaint yourself with the options for verifying your language skills in either Finnish, Swedish or English in good time before applying. Additionally, you will need to have sufficient skills in any other languages needed for your research topic. Your skills in these languages will be assessed based on the application documents (e.g. transcript of studies) as well as preliminary discussions with your potential supervisors.

N.B. Applicants who have not completed their previous degree in the University of Helsinki must also send officially certified copies of the documents mentioned in points 4. and 5.  by post. For more information on the means of having the documents officially certified, please see here.

Depending on the applicant’s background also points 6-7, if relevant:

6. Applicants whose previous degree(s) were in some other field of study than law must state in their application the reasons for wishing to take a postgraduate law degree

7. Other possible supporting documents:

- Description of other degrees
- Statement on theses
- Grants and rewards received

The applications, along with the required additional documents, must be submitted by the end of the application period. Applications are submitted using an electronic application form, which closes at 3.00 PM (Helsinki time) on the last day of the round of applications. Those applicants who are required to send certified copies of the additional documents by post must make sure that these documents arrive by the end of the application period.

Applications and additional documents sent by email are not accepted. Incomplete applications are not considered.

The certified copies of additional documents must be delivered to the Admissions Services of the University of Helsinki. For instructions on how to submit your documents, please see here.

With all your questions regarding applying doctoral study right, please contact: