The research in Värriö is very multi- and interdisciplinary, and it connects experts from many different fields of science and also from many research institutes in Finland and beyond. The majority of Värriö publications originates nowadays from the studies conducted at the SMEAR I measuring station. The manifold biosphere–atmosphere interactions have been studied at the SMEAR I since 1991. They include studies on biogeochemical cycles, biosphere–aerosol–cloud–climate interactions, pollution dispersal and more.
An essential part of the research in Värriö is to continue the long data series on various environmental parameters. These include for example bird nesting, moth abundance and berry yield. All these reflect environmental changes over the decades and are a valuable part of the environmental monitoring in the subarctic region.
The natural forest surrounding the research station has offered optimal study sites for many projects in recent years. The forests have undergone many forest fires, whose scars are visible on the old tree trunks. Thus, the area is valuable for forest fire research. As there are reindeer free areas at the SMEAR I and close to the border, the effects of reindeer herding could be studied as well. The untouched landscape offers good opportunities for geologists to study the ground formations.
A seismograph station at the Värriö Subarctic Research Station detects and records seismic events in the Fennoscandian bedrock. It is a part of a network of 16 stations operated by the Institute of Seismology, University of Helsinki.
Facilities for research
The Värriö Subarctic Research Station can provide for the researchers:
- Accommodation indoors or in tents up to tens of people, catering and transportation services
- A seminar room with presentation equipment and fast internet connection
- A sauna daily by a lake
- Equipment for forest mensuration and sample collection
- Basic laboratory facilities for sample pre-treatment and storage (e.g. fridge, freezer, drying oven, precision scale)
- Outdoor gear: rubber boots, winter overalls, skis, snow shoes etc.
- Good choice of biomes in their natural state within walking distance
- Online and free access to the data repositories
- Remote location far from pollution and human activities