In this presentation, I propose to address the problematic link between feminism and populism. Given the rise of both phenomena on the global socio-political scene, it is timely to problematise their association as well as the (un)desired effects of their coexistence. Much has been written about the incompatibility of populist politics with feminist advances. Indeed, it is very common to find studies from different geographical contexts explaining how populist regimes and leaderships represent a step backwards in gender claims, and how gender has come to play a central role in drawing the political boundaries of authoritarian scenarios and the polarisation of contemporary populisms. Contrary to these popular views, however, populism has also been associated with the advance of feminist demands, and theorising has begun to explore the possibilities of a 'populist and plebeian feminism'.
The central aim of this paper is to show how, in the face of this disagreement, it is crucial, on the one hand, to begin to take into account the situated character that should be privileged in the analysis of the relationship between feminism and populism, and, on the other hand, to make the idea of populism more complex in order to identify its differences with other forms of political practice (authoritarian, democratic or fascist). It is interesting to show that if populism can be conceived as a particular logic of articulation of political discourse, rather than as a homogeneous regime with a left-right orientation or with liberal or illiberal characteristics, it can also be conceived as one way - among others - of doing feminist politics and constructing the feminist people.
Mercedes Barros holds a BA in Political Science from the University of Buenos Aires and a Master of Arts and Ph.D. in Ideology and Discourse Analysis from the University of Essex, UK. She was a Chevening Awards Fellow, a Leche Trust Fellow, and Fundación Estenssoro Fellow. She is currently a researcher at the Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas (National Council for Scientific and Technical Research). She teaches at undergraduate and postgraduate levels at the Universidad Nacional de Córdoba, the Universidad de Buenos Aires, and the Universidad Nacional de Río Negro. She has been invited to give courses and seminars at the University of Essex (UK), the Universidad Nacional de la Patagonia San Juan Bosco, the Universidad Católica de Córdoba, the Universidad Nacional de La Rioja, and the Universidad Nacional de Chaco. Throughout her career as a researcher, she has directed several projects funded by agencies of the Argentinean scientific-technological system. Since 2020 she co-directs the research project "Populismo, democracia y estado de derecho: un estudio sobre las reconfiguraciones de los derechos en las experiencias políticas en Argentina" and since 2021, the project "Reconfiguraciones y nuevas emergencias memoriales sobre el pasado reciente: disputas, narrativas, actores y políticas durante los años del ascenso de la derecha en Argentina (2008 -2019)". Her current line of research focuses on the study of the specific ways in which the language of rights is articulated in political discourse. Her most recent publications include the book Discourse and Human Rights Movement in Argentina (2012); and the co-edited volume Ideología, Estado, Universidad. Pensamiento Crítico desde el Sur, (2019) and Métodos. Aproximaciones a un campo problemático (2017) and several articles in national and international scientific journals.
Interdisciplinary centers that advance research in functional or methodological areas can provide opportunities for researchers in the humanities and social sciences to access needed social and technical infrastructure in academic environments where investment focused specifically on these user groups may not be sustainable.
The Center for Research Data and Digital Scholarship (CRDDS) at the University of Colorado Boulder, a partnership between the University Libraries and Research Computing, provides an example of how one such interdisciplinary center operates in the area of research data partnership and support, and how the infrastructure built can benefit the humanities and social sciences in a science and engineering-heavy research environment (and vice versa). CRDDS brings together a collaborative team of data and information professionals, scholars, and educators from various disciplinary and professional backgrounds to empower those navigating the research data lifecycle through workshops and seminars, certificate and badging programs, and collaborative opportunities.
To kick off a discussion among participants, I will outline the ways in which CRDDS has facilitated data-oriented teaching and research in the humanities and social sciences as well as how it collaborates in the scientific context in Boulder, which includes other centers, labs, institutes, and other units at the university as well as federal laboratories. The discussion will be of interest to those working at the intersection of data infrastructure, teaching, and research.
Thea Lindquist is Professor and Executive Director of the Center for Research Data and Digital Scholarship at the University of Colorado Boulder, an interdisciplinary center specializing in expertise and infrastructure for data-intensive research and education and in open publishing. Her research interests include integrating historical and computational approaches in the study of 17th-century European history and data curation for interdisciplinary and highly collaborative research.
Helsinki Inequality Initiative (INEQ) and Helsinki Institute for Social Sciences and Humanities (HSSH) arranged a guest talk with Professor Jane Elliott (University of Exeter): Constructing gender and understanding inequality in qualitative and quantitative research.
Helsinki Collegium for Advanced Studies Lecture Hall (Fabianinkatu 24, 3rd floor)
This talk will explore ways in which gender is constructed in both qualitative and quantitative research. It will draw on examples from a number of research projects including the longitudinal 1958 British Birth Cohort Study (which includes both qualitative and quantitative data on many thousands of individuals born in 1958) and the 2021 UK Census. Using insights from recent scholarship on Data Feminism, the talk will suggest ways in which we might disrupt taken for granted conceptions of gender by using mixed methods approaches. The difficulties of maintaining an interest in social justice, and combatting inequalities, while also arguing for an understanding of gender as relational and socially constructed will be a focus for discussion. Some of the practical challenges of using mixed methods approaches will also be addressed.
Jane Elliott is a Professor at the Department of Sociology at the University of Exeter. Before joining the Department of Sociology, Philosophy and Anthropology in September 2017 she was the Chief Executive of the Economic and Social Research Council (2014 – 2017). Prior to 2014 she was Professor of Sociology, and Head of the Department of Quantitative Social Sciences, at the Institute of Education, University of London. In this role she was also Director of the ESRC-funded Centre for Longitudinal Studies (CLS) which manages the 1958, 1970 and Millennium Birth Cohort Studies and the Longitudinal Study of Young People in England. She has a longstanding interest in combining qualitative and quantitative methods of research and has been instrumental in collecting and making available qualitative material to complement the quantitative longitudinal data on the 1958 British Birth Cohort Study.
Commentator: Docent Antero Olakivi, University Lecturer (Sociology, UH)
The ERC project was set up to tackle two fundamental problems in the palaeography of the Dead Sea Scrolls: to identify the anonymous scribes and to date manuscripts based on their writing style, as none carries an internal date. These were not only problems of palaeography. Solving these problems has important implications for our ability to better understand the Dead Sea Scrolls as a collection, and also to better understand text production, consumption, and collection practices in ancient Judaea.
In this talk I will focus both on the actual research processes and results for writer identification and date-prediction as well as on the practice of directing interdisciplinary research and a multidisciplinary team, combining artificial intelligence, radiocarbon dating and humanities (history, palaeography, manuscript and text studies).
For more information contact host Jutta Jokiranta jutta.jokiranta@helsinki.
The Datafication research programme at the Helsinki Institute for Social Sciences and Humanities (HSSH) organised a Datafication Research Festival on Friday 17 March 2023 at the University of Helsinki Centre campus to get to know each other’s work and introduce datafication research at the University of Helsinki to others interested in the field.
10.30-12 Opening to Datafication
Keynote: Minna Ruckenstein: How we study datafied life?
Datafication programme directors:
Katja Valaskivi: Datafied Epistemic Contestations
Eetu Mäkelä: Data without Understanding does not lead to Understanding
Emilia Palonen: Doing it all wrong: politics and/in/through social media
Postdocs: Narges Azizifard, Feeza Vasudeva, Dayei Oh: Online Epistemic Communities
Discussion. Chair: Katja Valaskivi
- Lunch -
13.00-14.30 Session on presentations
Vasilis Maltezos (ImagiDem): Bridging Ethnography And AI: Combination and Interchange of Deep Learning and Empirical Visual Analysis Methods to Analyse Visual Political Action
Esko Suoranta (Instrumental Narratives): Fictions of Datafication
Antti Gronow (COMPON): Climate Change Policy, Social Networks and Political Polarization
Xenia Zeiler: Gamification and Gamevironments
Niko Hatakka (MAPS): Platforms on propaganda: How social media companies talk about the problem of public opinion manipulation
Helena Hinke Dobrochinski Candido (AGORA): Datafication in education: reflections on policies and practices
Discussion. Chair: Eetu Mäkelä
- Coffee -
15-16 Panel: Chat GPT and the University
Panelists: Jaana Hallamaa, Petri Myllymäki, Matti Pohjonen, Anna-Mari Rusanen, Arho Toikka
Chair: Emilia Palonen
16-17 Drinks and mingling
The contemporary digital tools we utilize in most aspects of our daily life are not only ordinary tools, but also reversed tools. In addition to us using them, they also use us, collecting data of all possible aspects of human life. This data is used for revenue, governance, and development of AI, but also for profiling, measuring, and nudging our actions. These developments result in continuous changes in social formation and practices of governance that have implications to knowledge production, social interaction, and public communication. Consequently, reconfigurations in the perceptions of human life, sense of communities, belief systems and relationships also take place. These complex, uneven and multifaceted processes are often referred to as datafication.
Datafication can be seen as a techno-social and cultural process in which human life and action are transformed into data. The utilization of this data has profound consequences for patterns of interaction and circulation of information in contemporary societies. The first Datafication Research Festival focuses on the formation, transformation, and perceptions of epistemic communities in the contemporary condition of datafication and brings together research groups working in the field on the Central Campus of the University of Helsinki.
Computational thinking and Social science is an introductory book for social scientists interested in computational methods. The book aids you in three core aspects of computational methods: (1) it introduces programming as a method to work with and examines how programming relates to social science problem solving, (2) explore various research methods computational methods, both as technical and research tools, and (3) examines fundamental research skills, such as ethics and validity, in the era of computational social science. To focus is to help the reader to understand and design computational social science research, alongside delving into hands-on coding and technical instruction necessarily for the implementation.
Computational thinking and Social science is now available at the University of Helsinki library
Read a news article about the event here.
Matti Nelimarkka leads the Helsinki Social Computing Group, an interdisciplinary group examining both computers and society. They explore digital democracy and politics in the digital era as well as computational techniques in social sciences, especially workflows and connections between social science theories and code. He is affiliated with the Faculty of Social Science, University of Helsinki, Department of Computer Science, Aalto University and Futurice, a Finnish software consultancy.
HSSH visiting professor Ruth Ayaß (Bielefeld University) guest lecture.
As interactors we are embedded in the flow of time and move forward with it. Our interactions happen in the now. Yet our interactions transcend the here and now. On the one hand, we talk about past events, we tell us things from the past, and we remember in interactions. But we also talk about the future, about our own future and about our common future. The future is not something that just happens because time passes. Rather, the future is planned in interactions. What will be in the future arises in and through interactions in everyday contexts.
The talk deals with these forms of interactive production of the future. It shows how in everyday communications immediate reality (today) is transcended in the form of plans for the future (tomorrow). The starting point is the research project “Projective Genres” (German Science Foundation DFG, 2021-2024), which deals with interactive projections of a common future in everyday communications. The project data consists mainly of audio and video recordings of everyday communication in families.
Ruth Ayaß is professor for sociology at Bielefeld University. Her research focuses on sociology of everyday interaction, ethnomethodology, and interpretive sociology.
Classical archaeology has a reputation of being traditional and conservative. In the trifecta of data-methods-theories, the focus is said to be generally on the first. Yet, we can wonder to what extent reality conforms to the cliché. Classical Archaeology is a diverse field studying some of the most amazing archaeological sites such as Pompei, Ephesus, Jerash and many more. Within the plurality of the discipline, computational approaches have carved out fertile niches as part of the broader archaeological community. Proponents of GIS, photogrammetry, computational modelling, and more, have readily found suitable applications in many of the archaeological sites and willing collaborators in the teams studying these sites. If anything, computational archaeologists have just not succeeded in developing a visible and coherent community within the broader scope of Classical archaeology, and have not always been effective in affecting broader archaeological practices, from fieldwork to publication and outreach, and everything in between. In this talk, I will present a few examples of computational approaches in Classical archaeology and survey the field at large to gauge where we are now, and where we might be headed.
Dries Daems is Assistant Professor at the Graduate School of Social Sciences in the M.Sc. program of Settlement Archaeology at Middle East Technical University (METU) in Ankara. He is also coordinator of the M.Sc. program of Digital Archaeology at METU. His research interests include the study of social complexity and urbanism through computational modeling (ABM) and material studies (macroscopic pottery analysis). He specializes in Iron Age to Hellenistic Anatolia and the Eastern Mediterranean.
With the prevalence of disinformation geared to instill doubt rather than clarity, Creating Chaos Online unmasks disinformation when it attempts to pass as deliberation in the public sphere and distorts the democratic processes.
This talk covers sociopolitical contexts in which Russian trolling emerged; its interpretative manifestations online through repeated tropes of justifications and the way Russian trolling justifications tapped onto post-truth to circulate the recurrent tropes across not only all analyzed media platforms’ comments but also across two analyzed sociopolitical contexts suggesting the orchestrated efforts behind messaging and its effects to publics conceptualized in the talk as post-publics.
Specifically, the talk focuses on sociotechnical practices specific to analyzed online spaces. The first one examines cross-platform social media content. The second one captures sociopolitical specificity: tracing user-generated content not only in the left-leaning media contexts but also by including US far-right and evangelical media ecosystems. The third one includes cross-validation of content across national cases. Such a cross-platform and cross-national analysis shows how Russian trolling justifications tapped onto post-truth to circulate the recurrent tropes across not only all analyzed media platforms’ comments but also across two analyzed sociopolitical contexts suggesting the orchestrated efforts behind messaging.
Finally, the talk provides a social literacy toolkit to make sense of the complex content circulation online.
Open Access link to the book: https://www.press.umich.edu/12237294/creating_chaos_online
Dr. Zelenkauskaitė is an associate professor at Drexel University. Her research focuses on emergent practices in online spaces that are traceable through digital meta data and discourses. Her work encompasses computational social science approaches by employing interdisciplinary perspectives that intersect information science, discourse studies, and communication. She is affiliated with the Center for Science, Technology & Society and Information Science departments at Drexel University and Dr. Zelenkauskaitė holds an affiliation with Vilnius Tech University (Lithuania). Her work has been published in New Media & Society, Social Media & Society, Convergence, Journal of Broadcasting and Electronic Media, and First Monday, among others. She is an author of Creating Chaos Online: Disinformation and Subverted Post-Publics (University of Michigan Press, 2022).
HSSH Guest Professor and HEREMES Guest Lecturer Professor Amanda Lagerkvist (Department of Informatics and Media, Uppsala University, Sweden) gave a book talk on her new publication:
Existential Media. A Media Theory of the Limit Situation (Oxford University Press, 2022)
Time: Monday 12 December 2 - 4 pm.
Venue: Helsinki Collegium for Advanced Studies Fabianinkatu 24, Common room (3. floor).
More information on Amanda's research profile: https://www.katalog.uu.se/profile/?id=N7-774
On HEREMES research hub: https://www.helsinki.fi/en/researchgroups/religion-media-and-social-change
The more algorithmic systems are used in corporations and government organisations, the more pressing the need for critical data studies to develop methods for studying these systems in their respective developer and use contexts. Recently, we started to develop a socio-cultural analysis of algorithmic systems. Teaming up with two safety and regulation authorities of our national government, the aim is to conceive means of inspecting algorithms beyond a merely technical audit. Inspired by the practice of appraisal interviews between employer and employee, we design a review process for an algorithm to evaluate how AI and its use affects values. We are working towards a structural process for inquiring developer and use contexts of algorithmic systems and how they relate to public values. Drawing from methods of inquiring cultural texts and their production and use contexts, we develop a method for inquiring algorithmic systems. This talk discusses the emerging governance and regulation of AI. The aim is twofold: a) to initiate a discussion on empirical methods in critical data studies, with an eye to analysing algorithms, and b) to engage in conversations on how our work as critical data scholars can effectively intervene in shaping the digital society.
Mirko Schäfer is Associate Professor at Utrecht University's research area Governing the Digital Society and Visiting Professor at the Helsinki Institute for Social Sciences and Humanities (HSSH) in 2022-2024. He is co-founder and project leader of the Utrecht Data School. Schäfer's research interest revolves around the socio-political impact of (media) technology. With the Utrecht Data School and the Datafied Society research platform, he investigates the impact of data practices and algorithms on public management, public media and public space.
While in many countries social media communication has been central to radical right communication and mobilization on the national level, the question whether it has become a transnational European phenomenon that eventually helps to undermine democracy on a larger scale remains open. In her presentation, Pfetsch tackles this question by referring to the concepts of Europeanization of public sphere and network democracy and by introducing a study of transnational issue agendas and network structures of radical right social media communication. The study explores the topics raised on Facebook and the radical right actors’ linkages on Twitter in six countries during the 2019 European Parliamentary election campaign. The social media communication of the Austrian FPÖ, the German AfD, the French RN, the Italian Lega, the Polish PiS and the Swedish SD is scrutinized for the question whether these parties share similar issue agendas transnationally.
The study also analyzes the Twitter communication of these parties to find out the actors linked to the official party accounts and the transnational connections between actors in different countries. On the one hand, the analysis demonstrates that radical right parties use a limited number of issues such as migration and anti-elitism to mobilize their supporters across Europe. On the other hand, these issues are framed with national emphases. The radical right networks seem to be rather dense but nationally clustered, and transnational networks are not that pertinent. However, the study implies that convergent issue agendas and even thin transnational network structures can foster the challenging of European democracy.
Barbara Pfetsch is a Professor of Communication Theory and Media Effects Research at the Department of Media and Communication at the Freie Universität Berlin, Germany and principal investigator at the Weizenbaum Institute for the Networked Society. She is also involved in the Collaborative Research Centre “Re-Figuration of Spaces” (SFB 1265) at the TU Berlin. Her research focuses on changes of public spheres and political communication through the digitization and transnationalization and her projects include analyses of digital spaces issue networks, political discourse, (online) media debates and agenda building and the emergence of European and transnational public spheres.
(Lea Stöter, Hugo Bezombes, Mirko Tobias Schäfer)
With the advent of social media, we have seen the emergence of heated debates in online fora, social media and other web platforms. The debates appear to be polarizing between partisan positions, and the participating experts and their expertise becomes politicized (e.g. Bogner 2021; Eyal 2019). However, the quality of the dynamic and quality of these debates seems to be affected by the platform where it takes place, and the different participants taking to a platform and engaging in a debate. This also constitutes a different perception of what qualifies as expertise and who is seen as an expert within the different fora and debates. In this paper we have a closer look at what constitutes an expert and by whom in different contexts. Our research reviews theories of expertise, definitions of expert and expertise, and situates these in the context of conversations on social media and other web platforms. There, new participants project expertise, mobilize followers or disseminate messages. Here, we can distinguish several aspects that contribute to a conceptualisation of experts and expertise in the platform society. As social media are easy to access, new participants enter public debates. Our paper identifies who acts as and who is recognized as expert in different online platforms, how they signal expertise, how different topic communities claim and appropriate their expertise, and how central user accounts are instrumental in disseminating it. In the fragmented audiences of various topic communities, expertise is perceived differently, and not necessarily connected to specialized knowledge. Drawing from established theories of expertise, we propose a novel framework that allows to distinguish the different participants that appear as experts within these social media debates. Locating participants along three axes, specialized knowledge, assigned status, and projection of expertise accounts aptly for the diversity we encounter in these debates.
Mirko Schäfer is an Associate Professor at Utrecht University, and co-founder and Faculty of Science lead of the Utrecht Data School. He is a member of the steering committee at the reasearch area Governing the Digital Society and a member of the research area Applied Data Science. His research interest revolves around the socio- political impact of media technology. His publications cover user participation in cultural production, datafication, politics of software design and communication in social media. He is co-editor and co-author of the volume Digital Material. Tracing New Media in Everyday Life and Technology (Amsterdam University Press, 2009). His book Bastard Culture! How User participation Transforms Cultural Production (Amsterdam University Press 2011) was listed as best-seller in the section computer science by The Library Journal. His most recent book publication is the edited volume (together with Karin van Es) The Datafied Society. Studying Culture through Data (Amsterdam University Press 2017).
HSSH Visiting Professor lecture with Ruth Ayaß, Bielefeld University.
In everyday communication mutual perception plays a major role in establishing and maintaining attention and coordinating bodies and activities, as we know in particular from the work of Simmel, Schutz and Goodwin. Especially eye contact is crucial for reciprocity. Among strangers, however, eye contact is delicate, as the work of Goffman and Lofland show – and is avoided. Even in face-to-face encounters in everyday situations, direct eye contact is subject to rules. For example, staring at others (‘eye-balling’ someone) is behavior that is considered intrusive and rude. The uninterrupted gaze on the body or face of another person is a problematic behavior.
But that’s exactly what we do day after day in Zoom conferences or other audiovisual meetings. These meetings are a new form of social encounter, described by Knorr Cetina as a ‘synthetic situation’ (2009). In synthetic situations, the face-to-face encounter is replaced by a ‘face-to-screen’ encounter. This lecture deals with the social situation and the specific mediality of the interactions in which actors find themselves in a ‘face-to-screen’ encounter. These situations establish frontal bodily arrangements of a new kind. Everyone can look directly at one another without this continuous looking being considered rude. In return, direct eye contact in the original sense is no longer possible.
The lecture discusses these social situations and questions their specific reciprocity. The study is based on empirical observations. However, I will discuss the phenomenon in question primarily on a theoretical and conceptual level (with examples involved, of course).
Ruth Ayaß is professor for sociology at Bielefeld University. Her research focuses on sociology of everyday interaction, ethnomethodology, and interpretive sociology.