ISM and star-formation studies of the Milky Way and of nearby galaxies are being performed on progressively overlapping physical scales. This is a result of the increasing resolution of simulations and observations. The gap between Galactic and extragalactic studies is bridged by facilities such as ALMA, GAIA, JVLA, MUSE, and the upcoming JWST. In spite of the common topics, the communities remain separated. Galaxy simulations begin to break-down when sub-cloud-scale physics are not included and, conversely, studies of the Milky Way star-formation often ignore the larger, galactic context. Thus, now is the time to facilitate discussion between the Galactic and nearby galaxy communities among theorists and observers alike.