This conference aims to examine performative, embodied, and acoustic histories of articulating colonial ‘otherness’. By doing so, it seeks to explore alternative colonial histories of political representation, as (re)imagined, (re)configured and provincialized by the non-European other. To that end, we intend to extend the focus of the conference beyond established Anglophone analyses of the metropole and colony, and indeed, beyond the disciplinary pre-eminence of Anglophone postcolonial studies.
We would thus encourage proposals which:
Alongside the foregoing concerns, we are interested in scrutinising the manifold power hierarchies inscribed within the subjective registers of the indigenous colonial voice. It is worth noting here, that it was often the embodied articulation of the indigenous male elite that was heard or construed by European imperial authorities as the representative voice of the colonised ‘other’. The vocal and political performances of the gentrified bhadralok intelligentsia in colonial Bengal and their concomitant interpretations by British officials in Westminster and India could be cited as a relevant instance in this regard. In nineteenth-century French-Algeria, for example, so-called ‘Arab bureaus’ appointed and employed indigenous chiefs to act as intermediaries between the colonial administration and the Muslim population. To what extent then, was the voice of the colonised non-European other that of an indigenous subaltern subject?
In response to this question, our conference re-evaluates Gayatri Spivak’s interrogation of the subaltern’s ability to speak, in order to prise open the intermediate agency of the subaltern’s ‘in-between’ space in the social structures and performative traditions of the colonised other. We thereby propose to offer a broader perspective on colonial subalternity, by considering, for example, the political performances of indigenous subjects and marginalised actors with different degrees of powerlessness, who lacked an ‘effective’ voice or leverage in society, but tried to compensate for the same through informal communication channels. The idea that subalternity is not a permanent state of oppression, but a sliding scale, showing people’s attempts to emerge from their subaltern position, is one that we wish to explore further at this conference. We seek to scrutinise how the ‘floating buffer zone’ of the subaltern, in Spivak’s terms, challenges the linear binarism of the centre-periphery discourse to problematise the epistemic remit of an Anglocentric approach to the study of colonial histories and cultures.
For this purpose, we not only intend to re-evaluate the research undertaken thus far, on anticolonial protests and demonstrations, but also make room for adequate scholarly attention to subaltern modes of gossiping, singing, debating, reciting, preaching, etc. What did the non-European other sound like? What were the acoustical characteristics of indigenous elite and subaltern voices (their pitch, tone, volume, rhythm, timbre)? Additionally, and more broadly, how was political power organised and performed in indigenous societies in different European colonies?
Furthermore, we are interested in examining how these performances came to be intertwined with the politics of audibility modulating the imperial European ear. Thus, the question of how diverse indigenous performances in the colonies might have been perceived by European imperialists and colonisers, emerges as a significant one. How did European colonisers and empire-builders, in various linguistic, cultural, and/or empirical contexts, ‘hear’/ ‘listen’ to indigenous elite and subaltern voices? Which audible cues for anticolonial freedom struggles may have been recognised, (dis)missed, (mis)interpreted, or (in)validated? Which indigenous voices may have been ‘silent to’ or ‘silenced by’ the European ear? Which indigenous voices may have managed to engage in inter-imperial dialogues, travel outside the colonies, and get transferred to the colonisers’ political modes of communication?
We welcome proposals for papers, panels and/or roundtables from different geographical areas, and different fields, including history, political science, literature, cultural studies, sound studies, anthropology, sociology, and the digital, medical, and environmental humanities. Proposals may take into account some of the following themes:
Please submit abstracts of no more than 300 words for 20-minute individual papers, and 500 words for panels or roundtables, along with a brief biographical note of participants (2-3 sentences max), through our online form on the ABSTRACT SUBMISSION PAGE.
The deadline for the receipt of abstracts is 21st November 2020. Candidates will be notified of the outcome of their submissions by 16th December 2020.
We encourage scholars from all over the world to respond to this call for papers. Owing to the current world health situation and the limitations it has imposed on international travel, the conference will be inevitably held partially online. Selected participants who are able to travel to Helsinki are strongly encouraged to do so, though scholars who are not sure if they can physically join us for the conference, are still invited to send in a proposal. Online presentation arrangements will be made for those speakers who are unable to come down to Helsinki in May 2021, due to potential travel restrictions in their country of residence and/or in Finland.
“Le colonel Arnaudeau écoutant les réclamations des O. bou Aoun,” in Expédition en Algérie, sites archéologiques, by unknown photographer, 1865, Bibliothèque nationale de France, département Estampes et photographie, PETFOL-VH-287, f. 44 (from BnF/Gallica: ark:/12148/btv1b84430448).