Bacteria conferring resistance to antimicrobials can be found in different food products. Meat can become contaminated with resistant bacteria through slaughtering and processing and vegetables and fruits through cross-contamination, for example. Bacteria found from animals and food can cause disease in people, and antimicrobial resistant bacteria can also be transmitted through food.
In this study we sample food products from retail stores focusing on risk-based products imported within and outside the European Union. Samples will be taken from different food groups, including meat, fish, ready-to-eat products and fruits and vegetables. Bacteria producing extended-spectrum beta-lactamases (ESBL) and plasmidic AmpC (pAmpC) as well as carbapenemases will be screened. Whole genome sequencing will be used to determine resistance genes. The study will be carried out during 2018 – 2019.
The study is funded by the Finnish Food Research Foundation and Walter Ehrström Foundation.