Etongo, D., Kanninen, M., Epule, T.E., Fobissie, K. 2018. Assessing the effectiveness of joint forest management in Southern Burkina Faso: A SWOT-AHP analysis. Forest Policy and Economics 90, 31-38. Full text

Salih, E., Sipi, M., Lehtonen, M., Vuorela, H., Fyhrquist, P., Julkunen-Tiitto, R., Lampi, A.-M., Kanninen, M., Luukkanen, O. 2018. Terminalia laxiflora and Terminalia brownii contain a broad spectrum of antimycobacterial compounds including ellagitannins, ellagic acid derivatives, triterpenes, fatty acids and fatty alcohols. Journal of Ethnopharmacology. Full text

Córdova R., Hogarth, N.J., Kanninen M. 2018, Sustainability of Smallholder Livelihoods in the Ecuadorian Highlands: A Comparison of Agroforestry and Conventional Agriculture Systems in the Indigenous Territory of Kayambi People. Land 2018, 7 (2), 45. Full text

Larjavaara, M., Kanninen, M., Ruesta, H.G., Koskinen, J., Kukkonen, M., Käyhkö, N., Larson, A.M., Wunder, S. 2018. Global variation in the cost of increasing ecosystem carbon. Nature Climate Change. Abstract

Räsänen, A., Nygren, A., Monge Monge, A., Käkönen, M., Kanninen, M., Juhola, S. 2018. From divide to nexus: Interconnected land use and water governance changes shaping risks related to water. Applied Geography 90, 106-114. Full text

Zhang, K., Artati, Y., Putzel, L., Xie, C., Hogarth, N.J., Wang, J.N., & Wang, J. 2017. China’s Conversion of Cropland to Forest Program as a national PES scheme: Institutional structure, voluntarism and conditionality of PES. International Forestry Review Vol.19(S4): 24-36. Full text

Salih, E.Y.A., Fyhrquist, P., Abdalla, A.M.A., Abdelgadir, A.Y., Kanninen, M., Sipi, M., Luukkanen, O., Fahmi, M.K.M., Elamin, M.H., Ali, H.A. 2017. LC-MS/MS Tandem Mass Spectrometry for Analysis of 3 Phenolic Compounds and Pentacyclic Triterpenes in 4 Antifungal Extracts of Terminalia brownii (Fresen). Antibiotics. Full text

Tanyi, T.F., Etongo, D., Abdoulaye, R. 2017. Assessing the sustainability of fuelwood production and its potential impact on REDD+ in Burkina Faso. International Journal of Environmental Studies. Abstract

Etongo, D., Djenontin, I.N.S., Kanninen, M., Glover, E.K. 2017. Assessing use-values and relative importance of trees for livelihood values and their potentials for environmental protection in Southern Burkina Faso. Environment, Development and Sustainability 19, 1141-1166. Full text

Yirdaw, E., Monge, A. 2017. Reconsidering what enclosure and exclosure mean in restoration ecology. Restoration Ecology. Full text

D’Amato, D., Malkamäki, A., Hogarth, N.J., & Baral, H. 2017. A Descriptive Plantation Typology and Coding System to Aid the Analysis of Ecological and Socio-Economic Outcomes. Current Forestry Reports. Published online: 29 August 2017. doi:10.1007/s40725-017-0066-z. Full text

Räsänen, A., Juhola, S., Monge Monge, A., Käkönen, M., Kanninen, M. & Nygren, A. 2017. Identifying mismatches between institutional perceptions of water-related risk drivers and water management strategies in three river basin areas. Journal of Hydrology 550: 704–715. Full text

Cole, R., Wong, G., Brockhaus, M., Moeliono, M. & Kallio, M. 2017. Objectives, ownership and engagement in Lao PDR’s REDD+ policy landscape. Geoforum 83: 91–100. Abstract

Salih, E.Y.A., Kanninen, M., Sipi, M., Luukkanen, O., Hiltunen, R., Vuorela, H., Julkunen-Tiitto, R., Fyhrqvist, P. 2017. Tannins, flavonoids and stilbenes in extracts of African savanna woodland trees Terminalia brownii, Terminalia laxiflora and Anogeissus leiocarpus showing promising antibacterial potential. South African Journal of Botany 108, 370-386. Abstract

Yirdaw, E., Kanninen, M., Elfadl, M., Tsegai, D. 2017. Special issue: Drought and Dryland Management – a commentary. Silva Fennica 51 (1B) (6985). Full text

Malkamäki, A.; D'Amato, D.; Hogarth, N.J.; Kanninen, M.; Pirard, R.; Toppinen, A.; Zhou, W. 2017. The socioeconomic impacts of large-scale tree plantations on local communities: A systematic review protocol. CIFOR Working Paper no. 222. Full text 

Yirdaw, E., Tigabu, M., Monge, A. 2017. Rehabilitation of degraded dryland ecosystems – review. Silva Fennica 51 (1B) (1673). Full text

Fahmi, M.K.M., Sanjak, E.M., Kanninen, M., Luukkanen, O. 2017. Impacts of meteorological drivers and agricultural practices on sorghum, millet and sesame yields in semi-arid lands in Sudan. Journal of Natural Resources and Environmental Studies 5, 1-11.

Ravikumar, A., Larjavaara, M., Larson, A., Kanninen, M. 2017. Participatory land use scenarios: where can carbon drive conservation? Environmental Research Letters. 12(1). Full text

Larjavaara, M., Kanninen, M., Alam, S.A., Mäkinen, A., Poeplau, C. 2017. CarboScen: A tool to estimate carbon implications of land-use scenarios. Ecography 40: 001–007. Abstract

Tegegne, Y.T., Ramcilovic-Suominen, S., Fobissie, K., Visseren-Hamakers, I.J., Lindner, M., Kanninen, M. 2017. Synergies in social safeguards in FLEGT and REDD+ in Cameroon. Forest Policy and Economics 75: 1-11. Abstract

Fahmi, M.K.M., Dafa-Alla, DA. Kanninen, M., Luukkanen, O. 2016. Impact of agroforestry parklands on crop yield and income generation: case study of rainfed farming in the semi-arid zone of Sudan. Agroforestry Systems. Abstract

Bakkegaard, R.K., Hogarth, N.J., Bong, I.W., Bosselmann, A.S., and Wunder, S. 2016. Measuring forest and wild product contributions to household welfare: Testing a scalable household survey instrument in Indonesia. Forest Policy and Economics. Abstract

Salih, E.Y.A., Kanninen, M., Sipi, M., Luukkanen, O., Hiltunen, R., Vuorela, H., Julkunen-Tiitto, R., Fyhrquist, P. 2016. Tannins, flavonoids and stilbenes in extracts of African savanna woodland trees Terminalia brownii, Terminalia laxiflora and Anogeissus leiocarpus showing promising antibacterial potential. South African Journal of Botany. Full text

Gutiérrez Rodríguez, L., Hogarth, N.J., Zhou, W., Xie, C., Zhang, K., Putzel, L. 2016. China’s conversion of cropland to forest program: a systematic review of the environmental and socioeconomic effects. Environmental Evidence 5, 1-22. Abstract

Kallio, M.H.; Moeliono, M.; Maharani, C.; Brockhaus, M.; Hogarth, N.J.; Daeli, W.; Tauhid, W.; Wong, G. 2016. Information exchange in swidden communities of West Kalimantan: lessons for designing REDD+. International Forestry Review, Volume 18, Number 2, pp. 203-217. Full text

Malkamäki, A., Toppinen, A., Kanninen, M. 2016. Impacts of land use and land use changes on the resilience of beekeeping in Uruguay. Forest Policy and Economics 70, 113-123. Abstract

Räsänen, A., Juhola, S., Nygren, A., Kallio, M., Monge, A.M., Käkönen, M., Kanninen, M. 2016. Climate change, multiple stressors and human vulnerability – a systematic review. Regional Environmental Change. Abstract

Marques, M.J., Schwilch, G., Lauterburg, N., Crittenden, S., Tesfai, M., Stolte, J., Zdruli, P., Zucca, C., Petursdottir, T., Evelpidou, N., Karkani, A., AsliYilmazgil, Y., Panagopoulos, T., Yirdaw, E., Kanninen, M., Rubio, J.L., Schmiedel, U., Doko, A. 2016. Multifaceted Impacts of Sustainable Land Management in Drylands: A Review. Sustainability 8(2), 177. Full Text

Chia, E.L., Kalame, F., Kanninen, M. 2016. Exploring Opportunities for Promoting Synergies between Climate Change Adaptation and Mitigation in Forest Carbon Initiatives. Forests 7, 1-16. Full text

Etongo, D., Djenontin, I.N.S., Kanninen, M. 2016. Poverty and Environmental Degradation in Southern Burkina Faso: An Assessment Based on Participatory Methods. Land 5. Full text

Tegegne, Y.T., Lindner, M., Fobissie, K., Kanninen, M. 2016. Evolution of drivers of deforestation and forest degradation in the Congo Basin forests: exploring possible policy options to address forest loss. Land Use Policy 51, 312–324. Abstract

Etongo, D., Djenontin, N., Kanninen, M., Djoudi, H., Korhonen-Kurki, K., Kalame, F., 2015. Land tenure, asset heterogeneity and deforestation in Southern Burkina Faso Forest Policy and Economics 61:51-58. Abstract

Etongo, D., Djenontin, I.N.S., Kanninen, M., Kalame, F., 2015. Smallholders’ Tree Planting Activity in the Ziro Province, Southern Burkina Faso: Impacts on Livelihood and Policy Implications. Forests 6, 2655-2677. Abstract

Rantala, S., Kontinen, T., Korhonen-Kurki, K., Mustalahti, I. 2015. Equity in REDD+: Varying logics in Tanzania. Environmental Policy and Governance 25, 201-212. Abstract

Walter, K.J., 2015. Worship of sacred trees among the Tamil people of South India. Suomen Antropologi: Journal of the Finnish Anthropological Society 40(1), 47-65. Full text

Negash, M., Starr, M., 2015. Biomass and soil carbon stocks of indigenous agroforestry systems on the south-eastern Rift Valley escarpment, Ethiopia. Plant and Soil, 1-13. Abstract

Negash, M., Kanninen, M., 2015. Modeling biomass and soil carbon sequestration of indigenous agroforestry systems using CO2FIX approach. Agriculture, Ecosystems & Environment 203, 147-155. Abstract

Fobissie, K., Alemagi, D., Minang, P. 2014. REDD+ Policy Approaches in the Congo Basin: A Comparative Analysis of Cameroon and the Democratic Republic Congo (DRC). Forests 5, 2400-2424. Abstract

Gideon Neba, S., Kanninen, M., Eba’a Atyi, R., Sonwa, D.J., 2014. Assessment and prediction of above-ground biomass in selectively logged forest concessions using field measurements and remote sensing data: Case study in South East Cameroon. Forest Ecology and Management 329, 177-185. Abstract

Walter, K. and Armstrong, K. 2014. Benefits, threats and potential of Prosopis in South India. Forests, Trees and Livelihoods. Abstract

Fahmi, M., Mohamed, E., Kanninen, M., Luukkanen, O., Kalame, F., Eltayeb, A., 2014. Determinants and constraints of integrating natural acacias into mechanised rain-fed agricultural schemes Sennar State, Sudan. GeoJournal, 1-13. Abstract

Rantala, S., Vihemäki, H., Swallow, B., Jambiya, G. 2013. Who Gains and Who Loses from Compensated Displacement from Protected Areas? The Case of the Derema Corridor, Tanzania. Conservation and Society 11, 97-111. Abstract

Abdi, O. A., Glover, E. K. & Luukkanen, O. 2013. Causes and Impacts of Land Degradation and Desertification: Case Study of the Sudan. International Journal of Agriculture and Forestry 3(2): 40-51. Full text

Kebede, M., Kanninen, M., Yirdaw, E., Lemenih., M., 2013. Vegetation structural characteristics and influence of topographic factors in the remnant moist Afromontane forest of Wondo Genet, south central Ethiopia Journal of Forestry Research 24, 419−430. Abstract

Negash, M., Starr, M., Kanninen, M., 2013. Allometric equations for biomass estimation of Ensete ventricosum grown in indigenous agroforestry systems in the Rift Valley escarpment of southern-eastern Ethiopia. Agroforestry Systems 87, 571-581. Abstract

Negash, M., Starr, M., Kanninen, M., Berhe, L., 2013. Allometric equations for estimating aboveground biomass of Coffea arabica L. grown in the Rift Valley escarpment of Ethiopia. Agroforestry Systems 87, 953–966. Abstract

Kallio, M.H., Kanninen, M., Krisnawati, H., 2012. Smallholder teak plantations in two villages in Central Java: Silvicultural activity and stand performance. Forests, Trees and Livelihoods 21, 158-175. Abstract

Kebede, M., Kanninen, M., Yirdaw, E., Lemenih, M., 2012. Soil Seed Bank and Seedlings Bank Composition and Diversity of Wondo Genet Moist Afromontane Forest South Central Ethiopia. International Journal of Botany 8, 170-180. Abstract

Rantala, S., Bullock, R., Mbegu, M. A. and German, L. A. 2012. Community-Based Forest Management: What Scope for Conservation and Livelihood Co-Benefits? Experience from the East Usambara Mountains, Tanzania. Journal of Sustainable Forestry 31 (8). Abstract

Alam, S. A., Starr, M. & Clark, B. 2012. Tree biomass and soil organic carbon densities across the Sudanese woodland savannah: A regional carbon sequestration study. Journal of Arid Environments. 89, p. 67-76. Abstract

Rantala, Salla. 2012. Knowledge and brokerage in REDD+ policy making: A Policy Networks Analysis of the case of Tanzania. Sustainability Science Program Working Paper No. 2012-03. Sustainability Science Program, Kennedy School of Government, Harvard University, Cambridge, MA, USA, and Center for International Forestry Research (CIFOR), Bogor, Indonesia. Full text

Alam, S. A. and Starr, M. 2012. Impacts of climate change on savannah woodland biomass carbon density and water-use: a modelling study of the Sudanese gum belt region. Mitigation and Adaptation Strategies for Global Change. Published online. Abstract

Negash, M., Yirdaw, E., Luukkanen, O. 2012. Potential of indigenous multistrata agroforests for maintaining native floristic diversity in the south-eastern Rift Valley escarpment, Ethiopia. Agroforestry systems 85: 9-28. Abstract

Donato, D.C., Kauffman, J.B., Murdiyarso, D., Kurnianto, S., Stidham, M., Kanninen, M., 2011. Mangroves among the most carbon-rich forests in the tropics. Nature Geoscience 4, 293-297. Abstract

Hassan, B.A., Glover, E.K., Luukkanen, O., Chikamai, B., Jamnadass, R., Iiyama, M., Kanninen, M., 2011. The Role of Boswellia and Commiphora Species in Rural Livelihood Security and Climate Change Adaptation in the Horn of Africa: Case Study of North-Eastern Kenya. International Journal of Social Forestry 4, 86-112. Full text

Kalame, F.B., Luukkanen, O, and Kanninen, M. 2011. Making the national adaptation programme of action (NAPA) more responsive to the livelihood needs of tree planting farmers, drawing on previous experience in dryland Sudan. Forests 2(4):948-960. Abstract

Kalame, F.B., Aidoo, R, Nkem, J., Ajayie, O., Kanninen, M., Luukkanen, O. and Idinoba, M. 2011. Modified Taungya System in Ghana: A win-win practice for forestry and adaptation to climate change? Environmental Science & Policy 14(5):519-530. Abstract

Kalame, F.B., Kudejira, D. and Nkem, J. 2011. Assessing the process and options for implementing National Adaptation Programmes of Action (NAPA): a case study from Burkina Faso. Mitigation and Adaptation Strategies for Global Change 16(5): 535-553. Abstract

Kallio, M.H., Kanninen, M., Rohadi, D., 2011. Farmers’ timber tree planting activity in Indonesia- case studies in the provinces of Java, Riau, and South Kalimantan. Forests, Trees and Livelihoods 20, 191-210. Abstract

Kallio, M.H., Krisnawati, H., Rohadi, D., Kanninen, M., 2011. Mahogany and Kadam Planting Farmers in South Kalimantan: The Link Between Silvicultural Activity and Stand Quality. Small-scale Forestry 10, 115–132. Abstract

Omoro, L. M.  A., Laiho, R., Starr, M. and Pellikka, P.K.E. 2011. Relationships between native tree species and soil properties in the indigenous forest fragments of the Eastern Arc Mountains of theTaita Hills, Kenya. For. Stud. China, 2011, 13(3): 198–210. Abstract

Sonwa, D.J., Walker, S., Nasi, R., Kanninen, M., 2011. Potential synergies of the main current forestry efforts and climate change mitigation in Central Africa. Sustainability Science 6, 59-67. Abstract

Appiah, M, Damnyag L, Blay, D. Pappinen, A. 2010. Forest and agroecosystem fire management in Ghana. Mitigation and Adaptation of Strategies for Global Change. 15 (6) 551-570. Abstract

Appiah, M. and Pappinen, A 2010. Farm forestry prospects among some local communities in Rachuonyo District, Kenya, Small-Scale Forestry. Abstract

Idinoba, M., Nkem J.N., Kalame, F.B., Tachie-Obeng, E., and Gyampoh, B. 2010. Dealing with limitation of forest ecosystem services through a vulnerability assessment and planned adaptation actions. African Journal of Environmental Science and Technology 4(7):419-429 Full text

Kalame, F.B. , Luukkanen, O. , Elsiddig, E. A. and Glover, E.K. 2010. Tree Knowledge and Livelihood Activities in a Changing Environment: Views From Smallholder Farmers in Kosti, Sudan. Journal of Sustainable Forestry, 29: 6, 591-612. Abstract

Laumonier, Y., Edin, A., Kanninen, M., Munandar, A. W. 2010. Landscape-scale variation in the structure and biomass of the hill dipterocarp forest of Sumatra: implications for carbon stock assessments. Forest Ecology and Management 259:505-513. Abstract

Nkem J.N., Kalame, F.B., Idinoba, M., Somorin O., Ndoye, O., Awono, A. 2010. Shaping forest safety nets with markets: Adaptation to climate change under changing roles of tropical forest in the Congo Basin. Environmental Science & Policy 13(6): 498-508 Abstract

Omoro, L., Pellikka, P., & Rogers, P. 2010. Tree species diversity, richness, and similarity between exotic and indigenous forests in the cloud forests of Eastern Arc Mountains, Taita Hills, Kenya. Journal of Forestry Research, 21(3): 255-264. Abstract

Reyes, T., Luukkanen, O., Quiroz, R. 2010. Conservation and Cardamom Cultivation in Nature Reserve Buffer Zones in the East Usambara Mountains, Tanzania. Journal of Sustainable Forestry, 29:696-715. Abstract

Alam, S. A. and Starr, M. 2009. Deforestation and greenhouse gas emissions associated with fuelwood consumption of the brick making industry in Sudan. Science of the Total Environment, 407:847-852. Abstract

Appiah M, Blay, D, Damnyag L, Dwomoh, F, Pappinen, A and Luukkanen, O. 2009. Dependence on forest resources and tropical deforestation in Ghana. Environment, Development and Sustainability, 11(3):471-487. Abstract

Gaveau, D., Wich, S., Epting, J., Juhn, D., Kanninen, M. & Leader-Williams, N. 2009. The future of forests and orangutans (Pongo abelii) in Sumatra: predicting impacts of oil palm plantations, road construction, and mechanisms for reducing carbon emissions from deforestation. Environmental Research Letters 4. Abstract

Gaveau, D. L.A. Epting, J., Lyne, O., Linkie, M., Kanninen, M. & Leader-Williams, N. 2009.Evaluating whether protected areas reduce tropical deforestation in Sumatra. Journal of Biogeography 36:2165-2175. Abstract

Guariguata, M. R., Nasi, R. & Kanninen, M. 2009. Forest degradation: it is not a matter of new definitions. Conservation Letters 2:286-287. Full text

Idinoba, M., Kalame, F.B., Nkem, J., Blay, D. and Coulibaly, Y. 2009. Climate change and non-wood forest products: vulnerability and adaptation in West Africa. Unasylva 231/232 60: 75 Abstract

Kalame, F.B., Nkem, J., Idinoba, M. and Kanninen, M. 2009. Matching national forest policies and management practices for climate change adaptation in Burkina Faso and Ghana. Mitigation and Adaptation Strategies for Global Change 14:135–151. Abstract

Blay, D., Appiah, M, Damnyag L, Dwomoh, F, Luukkanen, O, and Pappinen A. 2008. Involving local farmers in rehabilitation of degraded tropical forests: some lessons from Ghana, Environment, Development and Sustainability. 10(4):503-518. Abstract

Reyes, T., Quiroz, R. Luukkanen, O., de Mendiburu, F. 2008. Spice crops agroforestry systems in the East Usambara Mountains, Tanzania: Growth analysis. Agroforestry Systems DOI: 10.1007/s1045700992105. Abstract

Zhou, P., Luukkanen, O., Tokola, T. & Nieminen, J. 2008. Vegetation dynamics and forest landscape restoration in the Upper Min River watershed, Sichuan, China. Vegetation Restoration Ecology 16 (2): 348-358. Abstract

Raddad, E.Y. 2007. Ecophysiological and genetic variation in seedling traits and in first-year field performance of eight Acacia senegal provenances in the Blue Nile, Sudan. New Forests 34: 207-222. Abstract

Li C., Zhang, X., Liu, X., Luukkanen, O. and Berninger, F. 2006. Leaf morphological and physiological responses of Quercus aquifolioides along an altitudinal gradient. Silva Fennica 40:513. Full text

Zhou, P., Nieminen, J., Tokola, T., Luukkanen, O. & Oliver, T. 2006. Large scale soil erosion modeling for a mountainous watershed. Geo-Environment & Landscape Evolution II, Martin-Duque, J.F et al., eds. pp: 55-67. Full text

Reyes, Teija; Luukkanen, Olavi; Quiroz, Roberto. Small cardamom – precious for people, harmful for mountain forests: Possibilities for sustainable cultivation in the East Usambaras , Tanzania . Mountain Research and Development Vol. 26 (2): 131-137. Full text

Raddad, E.Y., Luukkanen, O., Salih, A.A., Kaarakka, V. and Elfadl, M.A. 2006. Productivity and nutrient cycling in young Acacia senegal farming systems on Vertisol in the Blue Nile region, Sudan . Agroforestry Systems.DOI: 10.1007/s10457-006-9009-6 Abstract

Raddad, E.Y. and Luukkanen, O. 2006. The influence of different Acacia senegal agroforestry systems on soil water and crop yields in clay soils of the Blue Nile region, Sudan . Agricultural Water Management. Doi:10.1016/j.agwat.2006.06.001 Abstract

Raddad, E.Y. and Luukkanen, O. 2006. Adaptive genetic variation in water use efficiency and gum yield in Acacia senegal provenances grown on clay soil in the Blue Nile region, Sudan . Forest Ecology and Management 226: 219-229. doi:10.1016/j.foreco.2006.01.036 Abstract

Gaafar, A.M., Salih, A.A., Luukkanen, O., Elfadl, M.A., & Kaarakka, V. 2006. Improving the traditional Acacia senegal-crop system in Sudan : the effect of tree density on water use, gum production and crop yields. Agroforestry Systems 66: 1-11. Abstract

Elfadl, M.A. & Luukkanen, O. 2006. Ecological strategies of Prosopis juliflora in the arid environment of the Sudan : 1. Leaf gas exchange approach. Journal of Arid Environemnt 66: 1-15.

Reyes, Teija; Quiroz, Roberto; Msikula, Shija. Socio-economic comparison between traditional and improved cultivation methods in the East Usambara Mountains, Tanzania. Environmental Management Vol 36, No 5. Nov. 2005. Abstract

Raddad, E.Y., Salih, A.A., Elfadl, M.A., Kaarakka, V. and Luukkanen O. 2005. Symbiotic nitrogen fixation in eight Acacia senegal provenances in dryland clays of the Blue Nile Sudan estimated by the 15N natural abundance method. Plant and Soil 275: 261-269. DOI: 10.1007/s11104-005-2152-4 Abstract

Ballal, M.E., Elsiddig, E. A., Elfadl, M.A. & Luukkanen, O. 2005. Relationship between environmental factors, tapping dates, tapping intemsity and gum arabic yield of an Acacia senegal plantation in western Sudan . Journal of Arid Environment 63: 379-389. Abstract

Ballal, M.E., El Siddig, E.A., Elfadl, M.A. & Luukkanen, O. 2005. Relationship between environmental factors, tapping dates, tapping intensity and gum arabic yield of an Acacia senegal plantation in western Sudan. Journal of Arid Environment. Abstract

Laxen, J., Elfadl, M.A., Kaarakka, V., & Luukkanen, O. 2005. Research and Development for Sustainable land-Use in Dryland Africa: 25 Years of Finland-Sudan Forestry Cooperation. Pp. 167-188. In: Olli Hietanen (ed.), University Partnerships for International Development: Finnsih Development Knowledge. Finland Futures Research Centre, Turku School of Economics and Business Administration. 315 p. The article in the UniPID publication.

Ballal, M.E., Elsiddig, E.A., Elfadl, M.A. & Luukkanen, O. 2004. Gum arabic yield trends in differently managed Acacia senegal stands in western Sudan . Agroforestry Systems 63: 237-245. Abstract

Sawsan, A.A., Elhouri, A.A. & Elfadl, M.A. 2004. Some Physicochemical characteristics of gum from eight provenances of Acacia senegal in the Sudan . Sudan Silva . Vol. IIX (1).

Yirdaw, E. & Luukkanen, O. 2004. Photosynthetically active radiation transmittance of forest plantation canopies in the Ethiopian highlands. Forest Ecology and Management 188: 17-24. Abstract

Tyynelä T, Otsamo R, Otsamo A. 2003. Indigenous livelihood systems in industrial tree-plantation areas in West Kalimantan, Indonesia: Economics and plant-species richness. Agroforestry Systems 57(2): 87–100. Abstract

Yirdaw, E. & Luukkanen, O. 2003. Indigenous woody species diversity in Eucalyptus globulus Labill. ssp. globulus plantations in the Ethiopian highlands. Biodiversity and Conservation 12: 567-582. Abstract

Elfadl, M.A. and Luukkanen, O. 2003. Effect of pruning on Prosopis juliflora: considerations for tropical dryland agroforestry. Journal of Arid Environments 53: 441- 455. Abstract

Tyynelä T, Otsamo A, Otsamo R. 2002. Changes and alternatives in farmers’ livelihood planning in an industrial forest plantation area in West Kalimantan, Indonesia. Forests, Trees and Livelihoods 12: 257–281. Abstract

Yirdaw, E. 2002. Diversity of naturally-regenerated native woody species in forest plantations in the Ethiopian highlands. New Forests 22: 159-177. Abstract

Yirdaw, E. & Leinonen, K. 2002. Seed germination responses of four afromontane tree species to red/far-red ratio and temperature. Forest Ecology and Management 168: 53-61. Abstract

Appiah, M. 2001. Co-Partnership in Forest Management: The Gwira-Banso Joint Forest Management Project in Ghana. Environment, Development and Sustainability 3(4): 343-360. Abstract

Appiah, M. 2001. Crown characteristic in four Iroko (Milicia exclesa) provenances grown in the dry semi-deciduous forest zone in Ghana. Ghana Journal of Forestry 11: 20-29.

Appiah, M., Koskela, J., Cobbinah, J, R., Luukkanen, O. 2001. Early growth performance of 11 Iroko (Milicia excelsa) provenances grown under different environmental conditions in Ghana. Ghana Journal of Forestry 11: 39-51.

Huang, W., Luukkanen, O., Johansson, S., Kaarakka, V., Räisänen, S. & Vihemäki, H. 2001. Agroforestry for biodiversity conservation of nature reserves: functional groups, identification and analysis. Agroforestry Systems 55(1): 65-72. Abstract

Huang, W., Pohjonen V., Johansson, S., Luukkanen,O., Katigula, M.I.L. & Nashanda, M. 2001. Species diversity, forest structure and species composition in Tanzanian tropical forests. Forest Ecology and Management 173(1-3): 11-24. Abstract

Koskela, J. 2001. Responses of gas exchange and growth in Merkus pine seedlings to expected climatic changes in Thailand. Global Change Biology 7: 641-656. Abstract

Luukkanen, O. 2001. The vanishing and reappearing tropical forest: forest management and land use in Thailand. In: Myllyntaus, T. and Saikku, M. (Eds.), foreword by A.W. Crosby. Encountering the past in Nature: Essays in environmental history. Ohio University Press, Athen, pp.74-93.

Tuomela, K., Koskela, J. & Gibson, A. 2001. Relationships between growth, specific leaf area and water use in six populations of Eucalyptus microtheca seedlings from two climates grown in controlled conditions. Australian Forestry 64(2): 75. Full text

Yirdaw, E. 2001. Restoration of biodiversity on degraded lands of Ethiopia through the use of forest plantations. In: Palo, M., Uusivuori, J. and Mery, G. (Eds.), World Forests, Markets and Policies. World forests, Society and Environment Volume III. Kluwer Academic Publishers, The Netherlands, pp. 337-338.

Koskela, J. 2000. Early shoot and diameter growth in four Pinus merkusii populations from Thailand. Journal of Tropical Forest Science 12(4): 707-716. Abstract

Koskela, J. 2000. A process-based growth model for the grass stage pine seedlings. Silva Fennica 34(1): 3-20. Full text

Li, C. 2000. Estimation of genetic diversity in Eucalyptus microtheca populations with dominant AFLP markers. Journal of Tropical Forest Science 12(2):00-00. Abstract

Li, C. 2000. RAPD analysis of genetic variation in Eucalyptus microtheca F. Muell. Populations. Hereditas 132(2): 151-156. Abstract

Li, C. 2000. Population differences in water-use efficiency of Eucalyptus microtheca seedlings under different watering regimes. Physiologia Plantarum 108:134-139. Abstract

Li, C., Berninger, F., Koskela, J. and Sonninen, E. 2000. Drought responses of Eucalyptus microtheca F. Muell. provenances depend on seasonality of rainfall in their place of origin. Australian Journal of Plant Physiology 27:231-238. Abstract

Nygren, P., Lorenzo, A. & Cruz, P. 2000. Decomposition of woody legume nodules in two tree/grass associations under contrasting environmental conditions. Agroforestry Systems 48: 229-244. Abstract

Nygren, P., Vaillant, V., Desfontaines, L., Cruz, P. & Domenach, A.M. 2000. Effect of nitrogen source and defoliation on growth and biological dinitrogen fixation of Gliricidia sepium seedlings. Tree Physiology 20, 33-40. Full text

Nygren, P., Cruz, P., Domenach, A.M., Vaillant, V. & Sierra, J. 2000. Influence of forage harvesting regimes on dynamics of biological dinitrogen fixation of a tropical woody legume. Tree Physiology 20 :41-48. Full text

Otsamo, R. 2000. Early development of three planted indigenous tree species and natural understorey vegetation in artificial gaps in an Acacia mangium stand on an Imperata cylindrica grassland site in South Kalimantan, Indonesia. New Forests 19: 51-68. Abstract

Otsamo, R. 2000. Secondary forest regeneration under fast-growing forest plantations on degraded Imperata cylindrica grasslands. New Forests 19: 69-93. Abstract

Huang, W. & Xu, Q. 1999. Overyield of Taxodium ascendens-intercrop systems. Forest Ecology and Management 116: 33-38. Abstract

Koskela, J., Hari, P. & Pipatwattanakul, D. 1999. Analysis of gas exchange of Merkus pine populations by the optimality approach. Tree Physiology 19: 511–518. Full text

Li, C. 1999. Isozyme variation in natural populations of Eucalyptus microtheca. Hereditas 130:117-123. Abstract

Li, C. 1999. Carbon isotope composition, water-use efficiency and biomass productivity of Eucalyptus microtheca populations under different water supplies. Plant and Soil 214:165-171. Abstract

Li, C. 1999. Provenance selection of Eucalyptus microtheca for afforestation in arid and semi-arid areas. East African Agricultural and Forestry Journal.

Li, C., Koskela, J. & Luukkanen, O. 1999. Protective Forest Systems in China: Current Status, Problems and Perspectives. Ambio 28: 341-345. Abstract

Morataya, R., Galloway, G., Berninger, F. & Kanninen, M. 1999. Foliage biomass-sapwood (area and volume) relationships of Tectona grandis L.F. and Gmelina arborea Roxb.: silvicultural implications. Forest Ecology and Management 113: 231-239. Abstract

Otsamo, R. and Otsamo, A. 1999. Early development of seedlings of six tree species after a rotation of Acacia mangium on an Imperata cylindrica grassland site in South Kalimantan, Indonesia. International Tree Crops Journal 10(2): 145-160. Abstract

Otsamo, R. and Kurniati, L. 1999. Early performance of ten timber species planted under Acacia mangium plantation on an Imperata cylindrica grassland site in South Kalimantan, Indonesia. International Tree Crops Journal 10(2): 131-144. Abstract

Suoheimo, J., Li, C. and Luukkanen, O. 1999. Isozyme variation of natural populations of sal (Shorea robusta) in the Terai region, Nepal. Silvae Genetica 48:199-203. Abstract

Viisteensaari, J., Johansson, S., Kaarakka, V. & Luukkanen, O. 1999. Is the alien tree species Maesopsis eminii Engl. (Rhamnaceae) a threat to tropical forest conservation in the East Usambaras, Tanzania? Environmental Conservation 27: 76- 81. Abstract

Huang, W. 1998. Modelling the coexistence gain and interactions of populations in Taxodium ascendens-intercrop systems. Ecological Modelling 107: 189-212. Abstract

Li, C. 1998. Morphological and physiological behaviour of drought adaptation in Eucalyptus species. World Forestry Research 11: 22-26.

Li, C. 1998. Growth response of Eucalyptus microtheca provenances to water stress. Journal of Tropical Forest Science 10: 379-387. Abstract

Li, C. 1998. Variation of seedling traits of Eucalyptus microtheca origins in different watering regimes. Silvae Genetica 47: 132-136. Abstract

Li, C. 1998. Some aspects of leaf water relations in four provenances of Eucalyptus microtheca seedlings. Forest Ecology and Management 111: 303-308. Abstract

Li. C. 1998. Forest Resources and Management in China: Problems and Proposals. Ambio 27: 578-579. Abstract

Nygren, P. & Cruz, P. 1998. Biomass allocation and nodulation of Gliricidia sepium under two cut-and-carry forage production regimes. Agroforestry Systems 41: 277-292. Abstract

Otsamo, R. 1998. Removal of Acacia mangium overstorey increased growth of underplanted Anisoptera marginata (Dipterocarpaceae) on an Imperata cylindrica grassland site in South Kalimantan, Indonesia. New Forests 16: 71-80. Abstract

Otsamo, R. 1998. Effect of nurse tree species on early growth of Anisoptera marginata Korth. (Dipterocarpaceae) on an Imperata cylindrica (L.) Beauv. grassland site in South Kalimantan, Indonesia. Forest Ecology and Management 105: 303-311. Abstract

Saur, E., Bonhême, I., Nygren, P. & Imbert, D. 1998. Nodulation of Pterocarpus officinalis in the swamp forest of Guadeloupe (Lesser Antilles). Journal of Tropical Ecology 14: 761-770. Abstract

Huang,W. 1997. Influence of different Taxodium ascendens stands on the open ranges and system performance in Jiangsu Province, China. Agroforestry Systems 37: 241-252. Abstract

Huang, W., Kanninen, M., Xu, Q. & Huang, B. 1997. Agroforestry in China: Present state and future potential. Ambio 26: 394-398. Full text

Kass, D.C.L., Sylvester-Bradley, R. & Nygren, P. 1997. The role of nitrogen fixation and nutrient supply in some agroforestry systems of the Americas. Soil Biology and Biochemistry 29: 775-785. Abstract

Li, C. & Tuomela, K. 1997. Differentiation of seed germination and early seedling growth in ten provenances of Eucalyptus microtheca. Journal of Forestry Research 8: 13-19. Abstract

Tuomela, K. 1997. Leaf water relations of six provenances of Eucalyptus microtheca: A greenhouse experiment. Forest Ecology and Management 92: 1-10. Abstract

Johansson, S.G. & Tuomela, K. 1996. Growth of sixteen provenances of Eucalyptus microtheca in regularly irrigated plantation in eastern Kenya. Forest Ecology and Management 82: 11-18. Abstract

Nygren, P., Kiema, P. & Rebottaro, S. 1996. Canopy development, CO2 exchange and carbon balance of a modelled agroforestry tree. Tree Physiology 16: 773-745. Abstract

Otsamo, R., Ådjers, G., Hadi, T.S., Kuusipalo, J. and Otsamo, A. 1996. Early performance of 12 shade tolerant tree species interplanted with Paraserianthes falcataria on Imperata cylindrica grassland. Journal of Tropical Forest Science 8: 381-394. Abstract

Otsamo, R., Ådjers, G., Kuusipalo, J., Otsamo, A., Susilo, N. and Tuomela, K. 1996. Effect of nursery practices on seed germination of selected dipterocarp species. Journal of Tropical Forest Science 9: 23-34. Abstract

Otsamo, R., Otsamo, A. and Ådjers, G. 1996. Reforestation experiences with dipterocarp spieces on grassland. In: Schulte, A. and Schöne, D. (eds.). Dipterocarp Forest Ecosystems – Towards Sustainable Management. World Scientific, Singapore. pp. 464-477.

Koskela, J., Kuusipalo, J. & Sirikul, W. 1995. Natural regeneration dynamics of Pinus merkusii in northern Thailand. Forest Ecology and Management 77: 169-179. Abstract

Nygren, P. 1995. Leaf CO2 exchange of Erythrina poeppigiana (Leguminosae: Phaseoleae) in humid tropical field conditions. Tree Physiology 15: 71-83. Full text

Nygren, P. 1995. Above-ground nitrogen dynamics following a complete pruning of a nodulated woody legume in humid tropical field conditions. Plant, Cell and Environment 18: 977-988. Abstract

Nygren, P. & Campos, A. 1995. Effect of foliage pruning on fine root biomass of Erythrina poeppigiana (Fabaceae). In: Ecophysiology of Tropical Intercropping (Eds. H. Sinoquet and P. Cruz): 295-302. Science Update, INRA, Versailles, France.

Nygren, P. & Ramírez, C. 1995. Production and turnover of N2 fixing nodules in relation to foliage development in periodically pruned Erythrina poeppigiana (Leguminosae) trees. Forest Ecology and Management 73: 59-73. Abstract

Tuomela, K. & Kanninen, M. 1995. Effects of vapour pressure deficit and soil water content on leaf water potential between selected provenances of Eucalyptus microtheca in an irrigated plantation, Eastern Kenya. Silva Fennica 29: 217-224. Full text

Nygren, P. 1993. Un modelo de los patrones de sombra de árboles manejados con podas periódicas en sistemas agroforestales. [Simulation of the shading pattern of periodically pruned trees in agroforestry systems]. Pesquisa Agropecuária Brasileira 28: 177-188. (In Spanish with English abstract)

Nygren, P. & Jiménez, J.M. 1993. Radiation regime and nitrogen supply in modelled alley cropping systems of Erythrina poeppigiana with sequential maize – bean cultivation. Agroforestry Systems 21: 271-285. Abstract

Nygren, P., Maraux, F. & Sánchez, G.A. 1993. Transmisión de la radiación solar en la copa de Erythrina poeppigiana (Walpers) O.F. Cook. [Solar radiation transmission in the canopy of Erythrina poeppigiana (Walpers) O.F. Cook]. Pesquisa Agropecuária Brasileira 28: 167 – 176. (In Spanish with English abstract)

Nygren, P., Rebottaro, S. & Chavarría, R. 1993. Application of the pipe model theory to non-destructive estimation of leaf biomass and leaf area of pruned agroforestry trees. Agroforestry Systems 23: 63 – 77. Abstract

Elfadl, M.A., Gronski, S., Asah, H., Tipton, A., Fulbright, T.E. & Felker, P. 1989. Regression equations to predict fresh weight and three grades of lumber from large mesquite (Prosopis galndulosa var. glandulosa) in Texas . For. Ecol. Manage, 26: 275-

East African Agriculture and Forestry Journal 58 (Special Issue) – 1993

Anttila, L., Alakoski-Johansson, G.M. & Johansson, S.G. 1993. Browse preference of Orma livestock and chemical composition of Prosopis juliflora and nine indigenous woody species in Bura, eastern Kenya. East African Agriculture and Forestry Journal 58 (Special Issue): 83–90. Abstract

Johansson, S.G. 1993. Growth of irrigated Azadirachta indica, Cassia siamea and Prosopis juliflora in relation to stand density. East African Agriculture and Forestry Journal 58 (Special Issue): 49–57. Abstract

Johansson, S.G & Kaarakka, V. 1993.Growth and yield of six-year-old fuelwood species under irrigation in eastern Kenya. East African Agriculture and Forestry Journal 58 (Special Issue): 23–34. Abstract

Kaarakka, V. & Johansson, S.G. 1993. Early development of Eucalyptus tereticornis provenances exposed to irrigation. East African Agriculture and Forestry Journal 58 (Special Issue): 43–47. Abstract

Kaarakka, V & Maua, J.O. 1993. Rainwater harvesting as a method for bushland rehabilitation with selected indigenous and exotic tree species. East African Agriculture and Forestry Journal 58 (Special Issue): 59–69. Abstract

Otsamo, R, Johansson, S. & Luukkanen, O. 1993. Dynamics of floodplain forests at Bura, Tana River, Kenya: results from a permanent sample plot study. East African Agriculture and Forestry Journal 58 (Special Issue): 71–82. Abstract

Sumanen, J. 1993. Production costs and feasibility of growing Prosopis juliflora in irrigated plantations in Bura, Kenya. East African Agriculture and Forestry Journal 58 (Special Issue): 91–99. Abstract

Tuomela, K., Johansson, S.G., Kuusipalo, J. & Luukkanen O. 1993. Morphological and physiological comparison of three provenances of Eucalyptus microtheca grown in eastern Kenya. East African Agriculture and Forestry Journal 58 (Special Issue): 35–41. Abstract

Vertanen, A., Johansson, S., Kaarakka, V. Sarajärvi, I. & Sarkeala, J. 1993. Biomass equations for Acacia reficiens, Acacia zanzibarica and Prosopis juliflora, and volume equations for Eucalyptus camaldulensis and Terminalia brownii. East African Agriculture and Forestry Journal 58 (Special Issue): 13–21. Abstract