Pathway for synthesis of vicine and convicine, hemolytic anti-nutrients in faba bean, identified

We have identified the first enzyme associated with vicine and convicine biosynthesis, which we name VC1. We show that VC1 co-locates with the major QTL for vicine and convicine content and that the expression of VC1 correlates highly with vicine content across tissues. Our results reveal an unexpected biosynthetic origin for vicine and convicine and pave the way for the development of faba bean cultivars that are free from these anti-nutrients, providing a safe and sustainable source of dietary protein.