Centre of Excellence in Research on Ageing and Care (CoE AgeCare) is one of the 12 Centres of Excellence that the Academy of Finland has chosen for the period 2018-2025.

Among other three research groups of CoE AgeCare, the group Migration, Care and Ageing (MICA) aim at developing extensive research on the situation of ageing migrants and of that of migrant care workers from the perspectives of social ties, health and wellbeing, citizenship, and migration trajectories in transnational and local contexts.

RG3 is based at the Faculty of Social Sciences at the University of Helsinki. RG3 integrates, builds on, and expands the work carried out within various completed and ongoing research projects that focus on elderly care occupations and the incorporation of migrant-background care workers, the mental health of migrants and migrant womens’ citizenship trajectories as well as on intergenerational relationships, belonging, self and identity. The projects include “The Shaping of Occupational Subjectivities of Migrant Care Workers”, “Using Data Linkage to obtain accurate population estimates of migrants in Northern Ireland and their needs for and use of mental health and social care”, and “Ordering the “Migrant Family”. The aim of RG3 is to develop extensive research on the situation of ageing migrants and that of migrant care workers from the perspectives of social ties, health and wellbeing, citizenship, and migration trajectories in transnational and local contexts. In addition to the two work packages that RG 3 is responsible for, it also provides a community for affiliated researchers who have topics related to our interests, either at the University of Helsinki or in other universities nationally and internationally.

Work Package 8. Ethnic hierarchization of the care workforce

Leader: Sirpa Wrede, Co-leaders Camilla Nordberg & Antero Olakivi

Objective: To analyse institutional policies and practices in the shaping of emerging ethnic hierarchies among the care workforce.

Building on insights from our earlier research, the analysis of WP8 focuses on changing conceptions of professionalism and professional knowledge in care work and the simultaneously growing importance of migrancy as a new category that intersectionally organizes the workforce in social and health care. Such transformations are examined in close relation to transforming political and policy conceptions of care and ageing, studied in WP7. The concept of occupational scripts, inherent in integration policies and public discourse, is used in the analysis. Furthermore, the wider processes of migrant citizenisation that intersect with the processes of acquiring occupational citizenship will also be placed under analysis.

Collaborators: Assistant Prof. Lena Näre (University of Helsinki, Finland); Prof. Bridget Anderson (University of Oxford, UK); Prof. Ivy Bourgeault (University of Ottawa, Canada); Prof. Lise Widding Isaksen (University of Bergen, Norway).

Work Package 2. Ageing and care in the context of international migration

Leader: Sirpa Wrede, Co-leaders Ulla Buchert & Laura Kemppainen

Objective: To examine the life and care of older migrants in Finland.

WP2 aims at contributing to the research field of life and care of older migrants, which remains as an under-studied topic in Finland. Large-scale immigration is a rather new phenomenon in Finland, and we know little about how older migrants organize their lives and care, keep up their social ties and engage with new digital technologies and the digitization of services, which increasingly affect our daily lives.

The work package approaches older migrants’ lives from the perspectives of health and wellbeing, social ties, citizenship, and migration trajectories in transnational and local contexts.

Our research on care concerns especially older migrants’ encounters with the welfare state. We investigate the underlying causes for older migrants’ differential access to care provisions. Theoretically, we engage with discussions on power asymmetries, social justice, and misrecognition, social citizenship, deservingness, and belonging. Moreover, we examine the use of digitalized welfare and digital technologies in general, as they have been shown to influence older migrants’ everyday lives. We also look for solutions on how these existing inequalities of non-digital and digital service use could be overcome.

We have collected new qualitative and quantitative data regarding older migrants, their daily lives and socioeconomic situations, societal participation, as well as health, well-being, and service needs. The analyses of collected data are conducted separately and collectively by researchers in RG 3, and on some questions in collaboration with researchers working with other work packages. (The limitations of) older migrants agency and choice is a joint topic with WP4 and on the questions of care poverty with WP3.

Collaborators: Prof. Inga Jasinskaja-Lahti (University of Helsinki, Finland); Adjunct Prof. Marja Tiilikainen (Migration Institute of Finland); Prof. Vanessa May (University of Manchester, UK); Prof. Bridget Anderson (University of Bristol, UK); Prof. Karen Kobayashi (University of Victoria, Canada); Dr. Erika Takahashi (Chiba University, Japan); Prof. Peter Kivisto (Augustana College, US) ‎‎and Prof. Dermot O’Reilly (Queen’s University Belfast, UK).