The main question of this subproject is to explore how the Republican tradition of administration was shaped by its historic, spatial, economic, social and philosophical contexts by examining four case studies. How does the change in the interpretations of the tradition correspond with the changes in its spatial and immaterial context? It will explore the forgotten strand of administrative tradition and its relationship with both the Republican tradition and its changes and continuities in meaning and interpretation, producing a novel theory of the creation and formation of the administrative tradition between law and politics. The results of a survey of the corpus of the Roman Republican texts on the theory and practice of administration and administrative space will be compared with the other case studies of the Republicanist tradition. This enables for the first time the creation of an interpretative sequence of the Republicanist tradition and its relation to the spatial dimension of administration such as the places of administration.