Biodiversity is declining and the expansion of the protected area network has been the focus of international biodiversity policy in addressing this loss. What is not known is how protected areas are coping with increasing land-use change pressures and there is a risk that many areas end up as paper parks, established on paper but lacking the resources to mitigate threats. Studies using so-called counterfactual comparisons, such as matching, for evaluating the impacts of different conservation interventions are getting increased attention. However, it is not known what the enabling or limiting factors for sustainable outcomes for protected areas are, especially in tropical forests where both biodiversity and land use pressure is high.
The aim of this project is to investigate the funding constraints facing protected area management, and how outcomes are interlinked with not only funding and management at the local level, but also with existing institutional and policy conditions at the national level. This will be done by:
The methods will span multiple disciplines, using quantitative matching methods for evaluating impact and qualitative approaches for the comparison of selected case study countries.
Johanna Eklund (project leader)
The work will be carried out in collaboration with the Conservation Science Group at the University of Cambridge, the Miller Research Group on Conservation and Development Politics at the University of Notre Dame and the International Forest Policy Research Group at the University of Helsinki.
The research has received several fundings: