Basic features of our approach:

  • It is historically grounded and longitudinal;
  • It focuses on object-oriented, artifact-mediated activity systems as its main unit of analysis;
  • It analyzes contradictions within and between activity systems as the driving force of change and development;
  • It constructs future-oriented zones of proximal development in activity systems;
  • It fosters and analyzes cycles of expansive learning, or “learning what is not yet there;”
  • It uses and develops formative interventions such as the Change Laboratory as central methodological resource.