Lan­guage skill level de­scrip­tions

Equivalence: CEF A1/YKI 1

SPEAKING
I can interact in a simple way to tell people about myself or my immediate surroundings. I speak slowly and need to pause often. My pronunciation is far from perfect.

LISTENING
I can understand very simple phrases about myself, people I know and things around me when people speak slowly and clearly.

READING
I can understand very simple sentences, for example on notices and forms. I can find simple information in short texts.

WRITING
I can write short, simple messages and notes. I can fill in forms with personal details. I can use some of the basic structures.

Equivalence: CEF A2/YKI 2

SPEAKING
I can communicate in routine tasks requiring a simple and direct exchange of information on familiar topics and activities, asking and answering questions. I can use a series of phrases and sentences to describe in simple terms myself, my family and other people, living conditions and my job. My pronunciation is not necessarily very good, and I do not have enough vocabulary to handle a variety of situations.

LISTENING
I can understand many expressions and words about things that are familiar, e.g. basic personal and family information, shopping and my job. I can get the main points in short, clear and simple messages. I can generally understand what people are talking about if their speech is clear and slow.

READING
I can understand the main points in short, simple texts. I can find specific information I am looking for in simple everyday texts such as leaflets and timetables and I can understand short, simple personal letters and emails on familiar topics.

WRITING
I can write short, simple notes and messages about everyday matters and everyday needs. I can describe myself, my family, my living conditions and my job. I can also describe past actions. I can write a very simple personal letter. I know the basic structures of the language.

Equivalence: CEF B1/YKI 3

SPEAKING
I can deal with most situations likely to arise in familiar situations related to work and social life. I have enough vocabulary to manage in familiar everyday situations.

LISTENING
I can understand the main points of clear standard speech on familiar matters. I can catch the main points in TV programmes provided that the speech is relatively slow and clear and the topics are familiar. I may have difficulties in understanding normal speech at length if the topic is unfamiliar.

READING
I can understand texts that contain everyday or job-related language and that do not require expertise in the subject matter. I can recognise significant points and arguments in a text.

WRITING
I can write simple texts on topics that are familiar and answer enquiries briefly. I can write personal letters describing experiences and impressions. I have a sufficient command of the basic structures of the language.

Equivalence: CEF B2/YKI 4

SPEAKING
I can handle successfully most communicative tasks and situations related to work and social life and can cope in more unfamiliar situations as well. I can express my ideas and thoughts as coherent entities and support opinions. I can differentiate between formal and informal language. I have a good range of vocabulary for matters connected to my field and most general topics.

LISTENING
I can understand longer stretches of speech and lectures and follow complex lines of argument provided the topic is reasonably familiar. I can understand most TV news and current affairs programmes, missing only some details. I still have some problems understanding fast or dialectal speech.

READING
I can understand texts on general topics, but not necessarily all shades of meaning in them. I can obtain information, ideas and opinions from specialised sources within my field. I can read contemporary prose.

WRITING
I can write clear detailed texts on topics that are familiar to me and express my thoughts coherently. I can write an essay or a report, explain facts and give reasons to support or oppose a particular point. I have a good command of the basic structures of the language, and I can differentiate between formal and informal language.

Equivalence: CEF C1/YKI 5

SPEAKING
I speak clearly and fluently about a great number of topics in various situations. I can give a presentation on a topic of my choice, with advance preparation. I have a good command of grammar and vocabulary.

LISTENING
I can follow most lectures, discussions and debates with relative ease. I can understand spoken language even when it is not clearly structured and when ideas and thoughts are not expressed in an explicit way. I can follow most TV programmes and films with ease.

READING
I can understand a wide range of texts, even if they have complex grammar and vocabulary, and literary texts. I can understand specialised language in articles, reports and technical instructions even if they are not in my field.

WRITING
I can write clear and well-structured text and express my points of view at some length. I can write about complex subjects in a letter, an essay or a report, underlining what I think are the most important points. I can write different kinds of texts in a confident and personal style that is appropriate to the reader in mind. I have a good command of grammar and vocabulary, but I may encounter difficulties with some less frequently used words and structures.

Vastaavuus: CEF C2/YKI 6

SPEAKING
I speak very fluently and in an appropriate style, and I can communicate fine shades of meaning. I have a sound command of grammar and vocabulary in almost all situations of language usage.

LISTENING
I can understand, without difficulty, any kind of spoken language, both when I hear it live or in the media. I also understand a native speaker who speaks fast if I have some time to get used to the accent.

READING
I can read, without problems, almost all forms of text.

WRITING
I can write clearly and smoothly and in an appropriate style. I can write letters, reports and articles in such a way that the reader can easily find the key points in my text. I can write summaries and reviews of professional and literary texts.