You may find here the list of our Current HCAS Fellows A-N and short descriptions of their research projects. On the page Current HCAS Fellows O-Z you can find information about the rest of the fellows.
Current HCAS Fellows, A-N
- North America
- Indigenous People
- Dynamic Network Modeling
- Immigration, Ethnic minorities
- Philosophy of Action and Mind, ancient and modern
Social Network Analysis and Computer Modeling in the Study of the Human Past: Three Case Studies on New Research Methods
Social network analysis (SNA) and computer modelling are one of the most promising areas of inquiry in the social sciences and computer science, and have even more potential in the humanities. Large datasets and new data modelling tools allow people to explore and visualize problems that were previously beyond the grasp of a researcher using traditional methods. These computer tools and research methodologies can be used to better understand historical, anthropological, sociological, and demographic issues in almost any context. They will have a profound impact on, for example, studying human migrations, kinship networks, minority group responses to external pressures, relationships between individuals and institutions, and other questions of complicated human relationships. Dynamic network analysis takes the traditional social network analysis methods a step further by investigating how networks evolve over time.
Andersson's project consists of three case studies that demonstrate the versatility of Dynamic network modelling in different historical and cultural circumstances focusing, for example, the Lakota Indians in the late 19th and early 20th century and Finnish immigration to Sugar Island, Michigan, in the early 20th century.
Dr. Rani-Henrik Andersson served as the McDonnell Douglas Chair, Professor of American Studies at the University of Helsinki Finland during 2014–2016. He was recently appointed Senior University Lecturer of North American Studies and a CORE Fellow at the at the University of Helsinki Collegium for Advanced Studies. He is the author of eight books including the Lakota Ghost Dance of 1890 (University of Nebraska Press, 2008). His most recent book A Whirlwind Passed Through Our Country: Lakota Voices of the Ghost Dance focuses on Lakota accounts of the Ghost Dance and the Wounded Knee Massacre (University of Oklahoma Press 2018). One of his current projects is entitled “Bridging Cultural Concepts of Nature: A Transnational Study on Indigenous Places and Protected Spaces of Nature”. He is also the President of the Finnish American Studies Association.
- Political narratives
- The psychological basis of political commitment
- Political identity
- Patriotism and intergenerational dialogue
History, Narrative and Identity: East Germans and the memory of revolution
This longitudinal project examines life stories of East German activists who participated in significant ways in 'the bloodless revolution' of 1989. During my Visiting Professorship at the collegeium, I will write a monograph exploring the fundamental question of memory and politics: how do those who live through a revolution talk about their lives and the changes in which they have been key actors? Interviewed first in 1992, weeks after the opening of the Stasi files, and then again two decades later, the book will explore political engagement over time and the dynamics of intergenerational dialogue in a particular moment of heightened social upheaval. Other topics include: the transformation of national identity in the context of the loss of a nation; the representation of former East Germany in popular culture; personal and political reflections on aging; and the challenge of forgiveness.
Molly Andrews is Professor of Political Psychology, and Co-director of the Centre for Narrative Research (www.uel.ac.uk/cnr/index.htm) at the University of East London. Her books include Lifetimes of Commitment: Aging, Politics, Psychology Shaping History: Narratives of Political Change (both Cambridge University Press), and Narrative Imagination and Everyday Life (Oxford University Press). She serves on the Editorial Board of five journals which are published in four countries, and her publications have appeared in Chinese, German, Swedish, Spanish, Czech, and German.
- Renaissance Studies
- English and Comparative Literature
- History of Violence
The Renaissance Discovery of Violence, from Boccaccio to Shakespeare
Look into thy heart and write, Sir Philip Sidneys muse once said. But one of the things that Renaissance writers discovered when they looked there was violence. Violence was nothing new, of course (no more than the New World was actually new when it was discovered), but seeing it with fresh eyes was at once thrilling and discomfiting. Whether writing realistic stories about everyday life or fantastic stories about chivalric warriors, comic tales about degenerate monks or tragedies about the falls of princes, Renaissance writers repeatedly found violence at the heart of the world they were representing and very rarely as a phenomenon about which they thought one could be complacent. Violence appeared to be a motor force of history, of social life, of art. But the European Renaissance, from the time of Boccaccio to the time of Shakespeare (ca. 1350 1620) was in principle committed to a Christian view of the world, ruled by the Prince of Peace, aiming toward beating swords into ploughshares and committed to an ethic of turning the other cheek. How was violence to be represented and accounted for under such conditions? That is the question my project intends to answer.
Robert Appelbaum was born in New York City and raised in Cleveland, Ohio and Chicago, Illinois. He received his BA from the University of Chicago and his PhD from the University of California, Berkeley. Currently Professor Emeritus at Uppsala University in English Literature and Senor Professor in Arts and Communication at Malmö University, he is the author of six books and numerous articles on literature, culture, history and social theory, often with a focus on the European Renaissance, and the recipient of numerous fellowships and awards, including the Roland H. Bainton Award (2007) for the best book in Renaissance Studies.
- Structuralism and narratology
- World-systems theory
- 'World literature'
- Utopian imaginary
Alternative Communities: Irrealist Tropes and the Collective Imaginary on the Literary Semi-Periphery of Europe
My research focuses on the emerging field of world-literature (understood in world-systemic terms) and explores imaginaries of social organisation and collective action in literatures on the European peripheries. This and other (semi-)peripheral regions of the world-system formerly part of the so-called Second Worldare usually glossed over in the popular analytical oppositions of Western/postcolonial or North/South. However, their comparative examination in world-literary terms and outside the usual confines of area studies can nuance the existing theories of literary history and cultural analysis and perhaps even show how these literatures productively intervene into the current crisis of political imagination. Two guiding aims of my research are, first, to give an analysis of the semi-peripheral collective imaginary, as it is captured, for example, in post-1990 Ukrainian, Belarusian, Hungarian and Estonian literary production; second, with this analysis to contribute to the on-going search for new Utopias and, more prosaically, to a rethinking of the scope and direction of literary and cultural theories.
I work in the field of language, literature and culture. Since my Ph.D. (Justus Liebig University Giessen, Germany) I have been interested in the possibilities of narrative expression of an enunciatively plural collective voice. My monograph onwe-narratives is forthcoming with the Ohio State University Press. More recently, my research focus has shifted from narratology and Anglophone fiction to world-literature, comparative morphology, alternative futures and modes of social existence which fascinate the (semi-)peripheral literary imagination. Prior to HCAS I worked on these topics with support from the German Research Foundation (DFG), Kone Foundation and Alfred Kordelin Foundation.
- The body
Utopia Modern: Palm Springs and the American Imaginary
While Thomas More in 1516 coined the term utopia from the Greek for no place, utopic quests are in fact frequently grounded in a particular place. One such place is the city of Palm Springs in Southern California, which in its century-old history has attracted, and continues to attract, waves of individuals on a wide variety of quests, from a cure for tuberculosis to hedonism, peace in retirement, sexual liberation, New Age enlightenment and the recreation of mid-century architectural aesthetics. Inevitably, these utopic quests rub shoulders with dystopia, which can take different forms (e.g., drug addiction, homelessness, unemployment, environmental degradation) and with competing interests, such as those of the American Indian tribe that has occupied the area for many centuries before the arrival of the newcomers. This project seeks to understand how these various groups come to inhabit Palm Springs and struggle to live alongside one another despite differences in social class, sexuality, and political affiliation, whether in the hotels and shops busy with weekenders, in gated communities, or in homeless encampments. It seeks to rethink the place of utopia in a contemporary moment in which dystopia looms large.
Niko Besnier is Professor of Cultural Anthropology at the University of Amsterdam and Research Fellow at La Trobe University Melbourne. He has held affiliations at numerous institutions in Europe, the United States, Australia, New Zealand, and Japan. His most recent publications are The Anthropology of Sport: Bodies, Borders, Biopolitics (University of California Press 2017, coauthored); Gender on the Edge: Transgender, Gay, and Other Pacific Islanders (University of Hawaii Press, coedited); and Crisis, Value, and Hope: Rethinking the Economy (special issue of Current Anthropology 2014, coedited). In 2015-2019, he was Editor-in-Chief of American Ethnologist.
- Historical Materialist IR theory
- Globalisation and resistance by labour movements broadly defined
Between Commodification and Commoning: Fighting for Public Water in Europe
In the wake of the global financial crisis of 2007/2008 austerity has continued unabated across Europe. Pressures towards the privatisation of public services including water are a key element in this ongoing neo-liberal attack, creating a global infrastructure market for profitable investment by private capital. And yet, from the Cochabamba water war in 2000 to the United Nations declaration of water as a human right in 2010, from the re-municipalisation of water in Grenoble in 2000 to the re-municipalisation of water in Paris in 2010 and Berlin in 2013, the struggle against water privatisation has picked up pace. The purpose of this project is to investigate the underlying dynamics of the struggle for public water in Europe. Through a detailed investigation of the Italian water movement from its successful referendum against water privatisation in 2011 to today, via the European Citizenship Initiative (ECI) on Water and Sanitation are a Human Right in 2012 and 2013 to the ongoing struggles against water privatisation in Greece as well as the struggle over the introduction of water charges in Ireland, this project will analyse why water has been an area for successful resistance against further neo-liberal restructuring.
Andreas Bieler is Professor of Political Economy and Fellow of the Centre for the Study of Social and Global Justice (CSSGJ) in the School of Politics and International Relations at Nottingham University. He is the co-author (with Adam David Morton) of Global Capitalism, Global War, Global Crisis (Cambridge University Press, 2018) and co-editor (with Bruno Ciccaglione, Ingemar Lindberg and John Hilary) of Free Trade and Transnational Labour (Routledge, 2015) and (with Chun-Yi Lee) of Chinese Labour in the Global Economy (Routledge, 2017). His personal website is http://andreasbieler.net and he maintains a blog on trade unions and global restructuring at http://andreasbieler.blogspot.co.uk
- Law of the sea
- Outer space law
- Global warming
Space, Ice, Artificial Intelligence, and the Final Frontiers of International Laws Universality: the Cosmolegal
The project aims to further an innovative and interdisciplinary approach to global legal thinking, which will push the legal discipline beyond the confines of its current learning and practice. It takes into account the novel changes in perceptions of spatiality and agency on Earth and outer space caused by the following:
i. Climate change in the Arctic, and state and private commercial interests in the Arctic seas beyond national jurisdiction, which can further impact global warming. This is the Arctic paradox of independent reactions of the Earth System due to global warming, and the human interest in commercialization.
ii. Possibilities for commercialization of outer space and space debris.
iii. The role of autonomous Artificial Intelligence (AI), and specialized autonomous machine learning in advancing further and/or future access to the deep-sea and outer space.
Dr. Cirkovic completed her PhD at Osgoode Hall Law School. She is an interdisciplinary and transnational scholar having worked in Germany, Canada, Australia, Turkey, and more recently, Russia (at the National Research University Higher School of Economics, St. Petersburg). Her research on the international public law, transnational law, indigenous rights, environmental protection, architecture, and history has been published in the German Law Journal, Law and Critique, Comparative Law Journal, as well as edited volumes. She was also a visiting scholar at Bonn University and a postdoctoral fellow at Melbourne Law School. Her current research project is focused on the commercialisation of the Arctic and outer space. She is currently a Visiting Researcher at the Faculty of Law/Erik Castrén Institute of International Law and Human Rights (August 2018 -August 2019).
- descriptive linguistics, ethnolinguistics, sociolinguistics
- linguistic typology
- language contacts
- language obsolescence
- language revitalization
- urban multilingualism
A grammar of Nivkh, an isolate Paleosiberian language
The main goal of my Collegium project is to produce a large academic grammar of the little-documented and seriously endangered Nivkh language spoken on Sakhalin and in the Amur region of Russia. The language is of considerable universal interest for general linguistics, since it is an isolate (Paleosiberian) language, which differs in fundamental ways from the neigbouring languages and has features rare or unique among the languages of the world. Nivkh represents a remnant of the original linguistic diversity of the North Pacific Rim, which is why the study of its evolution and structure is essential for understanding the human past of eastern Eurasia. The grammar will be written within the interdisciplinary framework of language ecology, implying that the grammatical information, analysed in terms of modern theoretical linguistics, will be placed in a large extra-linguistic context. This context will consider also the speakers of the language at different time levels and in their ethnic, social, cultural, and physical environment, which inevitably have influenced the development of the language. The grammar will be based upon linguistic data collected during my fieldwork in the Russian Far East since 1989, as well as on other extant sources of Nivkh.
I am a University Lecturer and a Docent in General Linguistics at the Department of Languages, University of Helsinki. I was born and educated in St. Petersburg, where I received my PhD at the Institute for Linguistic Studies, Russian Academy of Sciences. Since 1989, I have been conducting fieldwork in the Russian Far East, with the main focus on the Nivkh language. My publications deal with various aspects of Nivkh grammar, areal typology, sociolinguistics, language contacts, language obsolescense, revitalization, etc. I have been leading a project on revitalization of Nivkh, which has been recently extended to the neighboring Tungusic languages.
- Human rights
- International law
- Global governance
Movement in the right direction: an ethnography of a human rights report
This legal-anthropological project aims to write a pioneering ethnography of the full life-cycle of a human rights report submitted to a high-profile UN body – namely Finland's 6th state report to the UN Human Rights Committee on its compliance with the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights (ICCPR). The monograph examines what formed a 'fact' for the report; what such reports highlight and hide; the role of 'the law' in the proceedings; and the expert practices accompanying its processing. The project's theoretical backbone is formed by the notion of movement, following both the work of Tim Ingold as well as the UN's own characterization of treaty bodies as forming an ongoing 'cycle'. The monograph concludes in a bold argument that the endless cycles around UN human rights reports, accompanied by the continued movement of people to UN sessions to 'embody the world' (Halme-Tuomisaari 2017), form a crucial component in our current world order – however, instead of their stated mission to change the world they essentially legitimize and solidify the current status quo.
Miia Halme-Tuomisaari is a legal anthropologist specialised in the analysis of the contemporary human rights phenomenon. Her field sites include a Nordic network of human rights experts and more recently the UN Human Rights Committee. She is also a specialist of the history of human rights, particularly the intersection of the inter-war US civil liberties movement and the European human rights movement. She earned her PhD in Social Anthropology from the University of Helsinki in 2008, and has been a researcher at the Erik Castrén Institute of International Law and Human Rights and the Max Planck Institute for Social Anthropology, as well as a visiting senior fellow at the Geneva Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies, and the University of Witwaterstrand in Johannesburg, South Africa. She is Docent (Adjunct professor) of international law at the University of Turku, and the co-founder of Allegralaboratory.net and Allegra Lab Hki. Her publications include 'Human Rights in Action: Learning Expert Knowledge' (2008, Brill), 'Revisiting the Origins of Human Rights' (co-ed with Pamela Slotte, Cambridge University Press 2015) and 'Meeting the World at the Palais Wilson' (in 'Palaces of Hope', Eds. Ron Niezen & Maria Sapignoli, CUP 2017) as well as numerous articles published among others in the Journal of Legal Anthropology and Migration Studies.
- Social Psychology
- Behavior change
- Health technology
Disseminating heritable cancer risk information to relatives. Knowledge, duty, fear, guilt, and support in social networks
The amount of genomic information that people receive will increase in the future. It is an important challenge to understand how people perceive the complexity and uncertainty of this information, and how they may use it in a way that contributes positively to their health. Furthermore, when genetic tests reveal increased risks of treatable or preventable heritable diseases, people may also need to inform their relatives who have a 50% risk of having the same mutation. This can be an emotionally and socially challenging task, as individuals must simultaneously deal with decisions related to their own health and that of their relatives. These examples include ethical dilemmas of how to deal with family members’ rights to know/not know genetic information, as well as social emotions like guilt, and moral obligations to inform relatives to avoid anticipated regret. Communicating genetic risk information does not happen straightforwardly from individual to individual, but rather within social networks that include families’ unique health and social histories, extended family members and relations between network members that could either foster or thwart the decision to undergo genetic testing. For these reasons, uptake of genetic testing, understanding and processing genetic information, and sharing one’s own genetic information is examined at the level of social networks.
Ari Haukkala is University Researcher at Helsinki Collegium of Advanced Studies and co-director of Behaviour Change and well-being research group at University of Helsinki. He is involved with personalized medicine projects where the aim is examine how health related genetic information is understood among lay people, how heritable risk information is communicated within families and what kind behavioural outcomes that information have (P5.fi study). Main interest in all works is how we can use theory-based behavior change techniques to improve peoples well-being and health in different environments.
- Archaeological science
- Ancient craft technologies
- Archaeology of Northern Europe
- Near Eastern archaeology
No (Viking) Man's Land? Materialising East-West Mobility on the Finnish Baltic Coast ca. 800-1000 CE
This project examines the late Iron Age, mainly Viking Age (ca. 800–1000 CE), material culture, and particularly archaeological pottery and metal artefact traditions in the region of the Finnish Baltic Sea coast (the coastal southern areas of modern Finland). The main research focus is to characterise signature details of the artefact technologies at different sub-regions of the Finnish late Iron Age material culture and to identify regional variants of domestic craftsmanship in Finland during this time. This project combines different categories of archaeological data, artefact analysis and archaeometry methods (e.g. scanning electron microscopy) to characterise artefact manufacturing traditions and to approach questions of material processing practices, craft technologies, manufacture site location, raw material source areas, and object circulation and networks between communities in the late Iron Age Finland.
Dr Elisabeth Holmqvist-Sipilä holds a PhD (Institute of Archaeology, University College London), MA and BA degrees in archaeology (University of Helsinki). Her research focuses on ancient craft technologies and mobility of goods and people. Prior to HCAS, she worked at the University of Helsinki as a senior lecturer (2016 - 2017) and Academy of Finland postdoctoral fellow (2012 - 2015). Her recent scientific articles include Tracing grog and pots to reveal Neolithic Corded Ware Culture contacts in the Baltic Sea Region (SEM-EDS, PIXE) Journal of Archaeological Science (2018), and Handheld portable energy dispersive X-ray fluorescence spectrometry (pXRF) in Oxford Handbook of Archaeological Ceramic Analysis (2017).
- Late Antiquity
- Late Roman history
- Christianisation of the Mediterranean world
Waiting for Barbarians, Recognizing Immigrants, Making Romans: Roman Ambiguities and the Uses of Barbarians in the Political, Social and Religious Struggles in Late Antiquity (300-600)
My project looks at the mechanisms by which the Romans dealt with immigrants and aliens, both at the conceptual and rhetorical levels of knowledge ordering, ethnicization and religious othering, as well as at the socio-political level. While previous research has mainly concentrated on finding out who the newcomers were and how their identities evolved, I turn the attention to the host societies receiving the immigrants. I concentrate on the uses of immigrant and alien groups in internal political, social and religious struggles. The project is about the attitudes and expectations in regard to immigrants, alien groups and religious others within the Roman and post-Roman societies. Since most extant sources were produced by elite writers in these societies, the perspective is inescapably theirs. Hence, the objective is to construct an alternative approach with a different set of questions that concentrate on the circumstances and identities evolving within the host society. How does the host society use immigrants? Who are treated as aliens and who are recognized as Romans and what criteria and mechanisms are used? Who are taken as religious others?
Maijastina Kahlos is an historian and a classicist (University of Helsinki, Finland). She is the author of Vettius Agorius Praetextatus: Senatorial Life in Between (2002), Debate and Dialogue: Christian and Pagan Cultures, c. 360-430 (2007), and Forbearance and Compulsion: Rhetoric of Tolerance and Intolerance in Late Antiquity (2009), and Religious Dissent in Late Antiquity, in 350450 (forthcoming 2019), and the editor of The Faces of the other: Religious Rivalry and Ethnic Encounters in the later Roman world (2012) and Emperors and the Divine Rome and its Influence (2016).
- Cognitive sociology
- Cognitive social science
- Philosophy of the social sciences Interdisciplinary integration
- Sociological theory
Cognitive Sociology What, Why and How?
In recent decades, many cognitive scientists have begun to pay increasing attention to the social and cultural aspects of human cognition. Simultaneously, a small but growing number of cognitive sociologists have sought to integrate findings, concepts and methods from the cognitive sciences with sociology. My study explores this intersection between sociology and the cognitive sciences with a specific aim to:
- Develop a theoretical framework for analyzing the interdisciplinary integration between the cognitive and social sciences.
- Map current approaches and developments in cognitive sociology.
- Evaluate the arguments for and against cognitive sociology.
- Identify conceptual and methodological problems that arise in cognitive sociological research with a special focus on three cases: (i) theoretical and empirical studies on commensuration of social phenomena; (ii) attempts to integrate the dual-process models of cognition with sociological action theories; and (iii) interdisciplinary memory studies.
In other words, my study answers three questions: What is cognitive sociology? Why is it important for sociological research? How should it proceed?
Tuukka Kaidesoja is a member of the TINT Centre for Philosophy of Social Science at the University of Helsinki. He also holds a title of docent (sociology) at the University of Turku and is principle investigator of a research project on the cognitive social sciences that is funded by Emil Aaltonen foundation. His main research areas have been in sociological theory, mechanism-based explanations in the social sciences, critical realism in the social sciences, science policy, and the integration of the cognitive and social sciences.
- Effects of literary forms
- Digital media and the logic of digital media
- Ideology of form
- contemporary reading strategies and habits
- Media archaeology
- Cultural interfaces
- Contemporary literary production, contemporary poetry, digital literature, digital poetry, future imagination
Poetics of the Future:Logic of Selection, Cultural Interfaces, and Literary Production in the Age of Digital Media
Poetics of the Future is an artistic-scientific study of how contemporary digital interfaces and their logic influence our values, art, and society. Digital media has penetrated all levels of society from everyday practices of work, politics, and communication to art, research, and even love. The role of our digital engagements is already significant and is likely to increase in the future. This role, far from neutral, has repercussions for thought, culture, and society. More precisely, the form of digital media and our mode of interaction with it has a great impact on what kind of content and ideas we encounter and how we relate to these ideas and content. This impact is reflected in values, opinions, and thinking. Therefore, it is crucial for both art and science to examine these forms and to reflect on the consequences of their influence. The artistic part, a novel, imagines a near-future society that has reached full digital saturation, and the logic of thinking, being, and loving is born out of this entanglement. The scientific part investigates current digital cultural interfaces and their influence on contemporary literary production using interdisciplinary methods from philosophical cultural analysis, literary and media theory, sociology, and software, code and affect studies. The scientific part examines the present moment whereas the artistic part imagines the future.
Matti Kangaskoski is a researcher and a poet. Kangaskoski has published two volumes of poetry (Tältä sinusta nyt tuntuu 2012, Teos; Pääkalloneuvottelut 2017, Teos) and a novel (Sydänmarssi 2014, Teos). Kangaskoskis academic work concerns the cultural logic of digital interfaces and their influence on thought and values, with a specific focus on literary production. He has published extensively on the strategies of reading and interpreting digital poetry. He is president of Nuoren Voiman Liitto, a literary-cultural organization.
- Indigenous multilingualism
- Language documentation
- Language contact
- Languages of Siberia
Multilingualism in Siberia
This project is devoted to multilingualism in Siberia, and takes two approaches: first, it collects descriptions of all oral multilingual practices attested today in the area, and second, it reconstructs multilingual practices of the past based on linguistic, anthropological, and historic data. The aim of the initiative is to create a database of all areas of multilingualism and to visualize these data with the help of maps and an interactive web resource. There are some descriptions of individual multilingual areas of Siberia, but there is no resource that would integrate all current knowledge on the multilingual locations, either in the past or in present. Data on the actual patterns of language choice in the multilingual settings are even more scattered: with whom and in what situations which language is/was used. This project aims to collect all the existing data on multilingualism in Siberia and make the resource available to researchers and to a wider public. Languages and linguistic communities of Siberia are still underrepresented in modern linguistics, and I hope to fill the gap at least partly with the proposed resource on multilingualism.
Olesya Khanina graduated from Moscow State University in 2002 and received her PhD in 2005 from the same university for a thesis in typology. Since then, she has been involved in documentation of Enets (Uralic, Samoyedic), based at the Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology in Leipzig, University of Edinburgh, and since 2015, at the Institute of Linguistics in Moscow. Starting from Enets, she has become interested in the Tajmyr peninsula in the north of Siberia as a linguistic area. Language contact and patterns of indigenous multilingualism in the north of Siberia is her main research area at the moment. Besides, she specializes in Uralic languages, languages of Siberia, language documentation, and corpus-based approach to typology.
- Cultural memory
- World literature
- Theories of autobiography
Translating Memories: The Eastern European Past in the Global Arena
In my project I explore the endeavours of post-Soviet Eastern Europeans to make their histories of the Second World War and the Socialist regime known globally. I study these attempts through aesthetic media of memory literature, film and art that circulate globally and bring local memories to global audiences. By drawing on transnational memory studies, translation theory, and world literature studies, I offer translation as a new model for conceptualising the transnational travel of memories. What memorial forms have been used to make the Eastern European past intelligible in the global arena? What is gained and what is lost in this translation? How has the globalisation of memory practices reinforced national memory in Eastern Europe? I argue that competitive political discourses about twentieth-century totalitarianisms in Eastern Europe can only be untangled by studying the arts that have developed more productive comparative and translational approaches and address the ethical and political complexity of entangled histories of war and terror.
Eneken Laanes is a Senior Researcher at the Under and Tuglas Literature Centre and Associate Professor of Comparative Literature at Tallinn University. She has been a visiting scholar at the University of Bologna, the Free University of Berlin, and a Juris Padegs Research Fellow at Yale University. She is the author of Unresolved Dialogues: Subjectivity and Memory in Post-Soviet Estonian Novel (in Estonian, Tallinn: UTKK, 2009) and co-editor of Novels, Histories, Novel Nations: Historical Fiction and Cultural Memory in Finland and Estonia (Helsinki: SKS, 2015). Laanes is the coordinator of the research network Narrative and Memory: Ethics, Aesthetics, Politics (with Hanna Meretoja).
- Archaeology, Epigraphy, Papyrology
- Judaism, Christianity, Islam
- Bible, Quran
- Ancient Near East
The Alphabet: History and Development in the First Millennium BCE Levant
In the first millennium BCE, the alphabet evolves into distinctive scripts used to write Northwest-Semitic languages such as Aramaic, Phoenician and Hebrew. The alphabet spreads into the entire Mediterranean world and gives rise to such scripts as the Greek and Latin alphabets. Although the development of so-called national scripts can be observed, this distinction is not always obvious; recent discoveries show how scripts can be adapted and mixed in a single inscription, to the point that traditional classifications must be rethought. The present research project seeks to study, from the ground up, the history and evolution of these scripts in the light of new discoveries and with the help of new technologies.
My initial training is in formal sciences, especially mathematics, computer sciences, physics and chemistry, with a major in fundamental mathematics. I then turned to humanities with studies in theology, history and philology. The encounter between formal and social sciences was fruitful and never ceased to sustain my research. I received a PhD at the Sorbonne, in Paris, where I specialized in epigraphy. I worked as a researcher at the Collège de France until I was tenured Associate Professor at the University of Strasbourg. I also obtained an Habilitation, which enables me to supervise PhD students and researchers. I am sometimes asked to provide my main official titles. Here they are: Prof. Dr. habil. Michael Langlois holds a PhD and Habilitation in Historical and Philological Sciences from EPHESorbonne. He teaches as tenured Associate Professor at the University of Strasbourg and is a member of the University Institute of France. He is also an associate researcher with the CNRS / Collège de France, as well as an Auxiliary of the Academy of Inscriptions and Fine Letters.
- German Idealism
- Contemporary Continental Philosophy
With the increasing presence of technologies in contemporary life, the question of the imprint of different technologies on the human being him/herself has become ever more pressing. In contemporary debates it is possible to distinguish two antagonist positions. On the other hand, many bioethicists, often close to the post- and transhumanist movement, see technological progress, including technological enhancement of human beings, as an eminently positive development that accompanies scientific progress. On the other hand, a more existentialist or humanist point of view warns about totalitarian possibilities that emerge together with the technologies that manipulate human beings. It seems to me that philosophy cannot simply choose one of the two antagonist positions. In order to overcome their opposition, Lindberg proposes to examine their common ground, instead. This is why she proposes to effectuate a philosophical archaeology of the conception of human being that underlies contemporary debates on technological humanity. Doing philosophical research on "technological humanity", her overall research question is: what is the role of technology in the human being's self-constitution? In Lindberg's work, she will examine the ways in which human subjectivity is transformed by contemporary technologies, but she will also look for the aspects of human life that cannot be captured by technology.
- Roman law
- Classical archaeology
Materialising and Tracing Roman Sea Trade Law (2nd cent BC-3rd cent. AD)
This study seeks to understand the changes in sea trade law and the material record associated with it in the period from 2nd cent BC until the 3rd cent. AD. To that aim, I will merge ancient legal sources and the archaeological record in order to understand if there was a relation within the rulings established by law and the materials and structures used in the practice. This study will bridge the gap between theory and practice, and intends to understand what kind of communication was established between lawyers and merchants. Thus, I will address these main research questions: (1) what mechanisms to deal with sea trade were developed by Roman law from the 2nd cent BC until 3rd cent. AD? (2) How did the changes in the law have a reflection in the artefacts and infrastructures used in commercial daily life? (3) Was Roman law designed for traders and inspired by them? Conversely, (4) were traders aware of all the particularities of Roman trade law? These questions relate to other fields of research, such as the role of political authorities in the changes in the law. I will study legal commercial mechanisms (e.g. agreements, agency) chronologically and focusing on the areas of the case studies. The commercial sites from Rome and Arles' connections to the sea will be mapped and the areas where material evidence has been attested will be linked with the legal sources associated.
I defended my PhD in Roman law in March, 2014 (University of Alicante and Facolta di giurisprudenza Palermo) concerning the criminal liability for shipwrecking. I have just finished my second PhD in archaeology concerning the epigraphy of merchandise at the Universities of Southampton and Lyon 2 la lumiere, related to the Portus limen project. My research interest lies on Roman law and especially on its commercial and maritime focus. Moreover, my work is also devoted to examining the ways in which the material of inscribed artefacts provides information regarding their use as objects of communication. I like to connect the materiality of epigraphy of merchandise against the background of Roman law, by shifting the focus from traditional linguistic analysis to the means by which inscribed texts were created, shaped, and used as commercial tools in the different regions of the Mediterranean.
- Language processing
- Alzheimer's disease
- Finnish language
Morphological Language Impairment in Alzheimer's Disease
The grammars of Finnish and English differ so substantially that studies of language in Finnish speakers suggest a markedly different picture of the relationship between humans’ grammar and lexicon than the one standardly assumed based on studies primarily of English speakers. In this research project, Nikolaev will thus use Finnish as a tool to reconsider classic questions in the literature about language decline in Alzheimer’s Disease (AD). By designing and implementing linguistic tests with recordings of neurophysiological electrical activity on the scalp, I will explore how and when language impairments manifest themselves in individuals with AD in Finnish and English. The results will be of crucial importance for linguists studying language pathologies as well as for psychologists creating test batteries for better diagnoses of AD.
Dr. Alexandre Nikolaev has substantial experience conducting research in the area of morphology of language. In his dissertation (2011), Nikolaev studied the complexity of inflectional systems by using corpus- and psycholinguistic methods. However, understanding the organization of our mental grammar is simply impossible without understanding how morphological structures are represented in the brain. Thus, Nikolaev’s aim is to conduct research on the relationship between humans’ mental grammar and mental lexicon in patients with Alzheimer’s disease or Mild Cognitive Impairment.
- Documentary Artists' moving image
- Feminist materialism
- Politics of image production
- Non-western knowledge production
Revolutionary Patience: The Ethics of Non-interventionist Documentary Encounters
Revolutionary Patience is a monograph and essay film that reformulates the ethics of objectifying refugee experiences through documentary representations. To objectify refugee experiences here means turning those experiences into artistic projects. By providing close-readings of diverse films from Lebanon, Iran and Turkey I come to define the political dimension and the responsibility of documentary making and viewing, as creating spaces for self-interrogation. This project intervenes by shifting classic discourses on the ethical responsibilities of filmmakers towards discussions on the ethical obligation of viewers. This shift provokes significant new approaches to thinking about the ethics of the documentary.
Minou Norouzi is a filmmaker, writer, and curator. She obtained her PhD from Goldsmiths, University of London supported by the Arts and Humanity Research Council (2018) and is a Visiting Research Fellow at The Centre for Visual Anthropology at Goldsmiths. Her research concerns the objectification of the real in the context of interdisciplinary documentary practices. She draws from documentary studies, feminist film scholarship, and postcolonial ethnographic studies to reframe documentary ethics. As an independent film curator, she initiated the Arts Council England funded Sheffield Fringe project in 2011 and has organized film events at Whitechapel Gallery and Close-Up Film Centre (London); S1 Artspace and Bloc Projects (Sheffield); UnionDocs Center for Documentary Art and apexart (New York); MARSistanbul and SALT Beyolu (Istanbul). Her own films have been shown at South London Gallery; Calvert 22, London; the Centre for Contemporary Arts, Glasgow; QUAD, Derby; Telic Arts Exchange, Los Angeles; the International Short Film Festival Oberhausen; Kasseler Dok Fest; Videoex, Zurich; Hot Docs, Toronto. Minou divides her time between London (UK) and Athens (GR).
- Historical linguistics
- Celtic linguistics
The typology of singulatives: Definition, distribution and diachrony
Singulatives are noun forms where a morphological marker is added to a non-unit-denoting base to denote ’one’ or ’(one) unit’, e.g. Welsh moch-yn ’a pig’ (from moch ’pigs’). This is the reverse of the pattern more familiar from languages like English where a marker is added to denote ‘many’, e.g. singular dog vs. plural dog-s. Singulatives are found in many language families across the world, yet they have never been subject to a comprehensive typological study. As part of my HCAS project, I’m building a database of singulatives in the world's languages, recording the type of markers used and the types of number systems in which singulatives occur. For example, some singulatives occur in opposition to unmarked plurals (like in Welsh), while others occur as part of an opposition where both singular and plural value are marked in opposition to a general/transnumeral form (e.g. in many Afro-Asiatic languages). In addition to such examples of number inflection, singulatives can also be derivational. Singulatives with a unit meaning may be derived from mass nouns, e.g. Russian gorox ‘pea(s) (mass)’, goroš-inka ‘a pea’. There is a generalisation that such markers (incl. -inka) are often also diminutive markers when used with count nouns. This project will add significantly to our understanding of the morphology of grammatical number and possible number systems, that is, how languages denote ’one’ and ’many’. I’m also interested in the cognitive side of number and unitization and hope to work more on this in the future.
I hold a BA (Celtic Studies) and an MPhil from the Department of Welsh and Celtic Studies, Aberystwyth University. I got my PhD from the University of Cambridge (Dept. of Anglo-Saxon, Norse and Celtic) in 2015 under the supervision of Paul Russell, and I spent the academic year 2012 - 2013 as a visiting scholar at the department of Vergleichende Sprachwissenschaft und Keltologie, Philipps-Universität Marburg, Germany, after winning a Leverhulme Trust Study Abroad Scholarship. Between 2015 - 2018 I was a postdoctoral scholar at the Dublin Institute for Advanced Studies working on my book titled Grammatical number in Welsh: Diachrony and typology.