Mikko's Phylogeny Archive

PanicMain Groups of Jawed Vertebrates

  Actinopterygii - Ray-finned Fishes  

 

(Partly) after Dietze, 2000

<==o Actinopterygii Klein, 1885 non? Cope, 1887 (viuhkaeväiset)
   |--o †Cheirolepis M. Dev. Eu. U. Dev. NA. [Cheirolepiformes: Cheirolepidae]
   |  |-- †C. canadensis
   |  `-- †C. trailli
   `--o Actinopteri Cope, 1972 [paraphyletic Palaeoniscimorpha]
      |-- †Aetheretmon valentiacum
      |-- †Commentrya traquairi [Elaveria] L. Perm. Eu. [Commentryidae]
      |--o †Elonichthys [Ganacrodus, ?Pariostegus, ?Propalaeoniscus] Miss. U. Perm. Eu. Miss. Penn. ?U. Trias. NA. Miss. U. Perm. ? U. Trias. Aus. L. Perm. SAf. M. Perm. Gr. U. Perm. SA. ?Trias. WAf. [paraphyletic Elonichthyidae]
      |  |-- †E. germari
      |  |-- †E. robisoni
      |  |-- †E. palatinus
      |  |-- †E. peltigerus Newberry, 1856
      |  `-- †E. punctatus
      |-- †Howqualepis rostridens
      |--o †Mansfieldiscus
      |  `-- †M. sweeti (Woodward, 1906)
      |-- †Moythomasia nitida
      |--o †Rhabdolepidae
      |  |--o †Osorioichthys [Stereolepidella, Stereolepis] U. Dev. Eu. 
      |  |  `-- †O. marginis
      |  `--o †Rhabdolepis L. Perm. Eu.
      |     `-- †R. macropterus
      |--+--o †Mimia U. Dev. Aus. [paraphyletic Stegotrachelidae; Mimiidae]
      |  |  |-- †M. paravertebra
      |  |  `-- †M. toombsi [=? Ligulalepis toombsi]
      |  `--+?- †Moythomasia durgaringa M.-U. Dev. Eu. U. Dev. Aus. [paraphyletic Stegotrachelidae]
      |     `-- †Coccocephalus wildi [Coccocephalichthys, Cocconiscus) Penn. Eu. [Coccocephalichthyidae]
      |?- †Borichthys Miss. Eu. [paraphyletic Stegotrachelidae]
      |?-o †Dialipina
      |  |-- †D. markae
      |  `-- †D. salgueiroensis
      |?- †Frederichthys musadentatus
      |?- †Orvikuina M. Dev. Eu. [paraphyletic Stegotrachelidae]
      |?-o †Stegotrachelus Dev. Eu. ?U. Dev. NA. Ant. [paraphyletic Stegotrachelidae]
      |  `-- †S. finlayi
      |?- †Melanecta anneae Coates, 1998, U. Dev. Eu. [paraphyletic Stegotrachelidae]
      |?- †Moythomasia durgaringa M.-U. Dev. Eu. U. Dev. Aus. [paraphyletic Stegotrachelidae]
      |?- †Woodichthys bearsdeni Coates, 1998, U. Dev. Eu.
      |?- †Cosmoptychius
      |?- †Kansasiella
      |?- †Lawrenciella
      |?- †Leuderia kempi
      |--o †Kentuckia Miss. NA. [paraphyletic Stegotrachelidae]
      |  `-- †K. hlavini
      `--+-- †Namaichthys schroederi L. Perm. SAf. [paraphyletic Acrolepidae]
         `--+-- †Australichthys longidorsalis
            `--+--o †Cycloptychius Miss. NAs. Miss. Penn. Eu. 
               |  `-- †C. concentricus
               |-- †Gyrolepidotes schmidti
               |--o †Mentzichthys
               |  |?- †M. walshi
               |  `-- †M. jubbi
               |-- †“Rhadinichthys” canobiensis
               `--+-- †Palaeoniscum freieslebeni
                  |--o ?†Rhadinichthyidae Romer, 1945
                  |  |--+-- †“Rhadinichthys” athertonensis
                  |  |  `--+--o †Wendyichthys Lund & poplin, 1997
                  |  |     |  |-- †W. dicksoni Lund & poplin, 1997
                  |  |     |  `-- †W. lautreci Lund & poplin, 1997
                  |  |     `--o †Pteronisculus [Glaucolepis] L. Trias. Spits. Gr. Mad. Aus. [paraphyletic Stegotrachelidae]
                  |  |        |-- †P. cicatrosus
                  |  |        |-- †P. stensioei
                  |  |        `-- †P. magnus
                  |  `--+-- †Cyranorhis bergeraci Lund & poplin, 1997
                  |     `--+--o †Fubarichthys Miss. NA. [Bear Gulch, Montana]
                  |        |  |?- †F. prolatus
                  |        |  `?- †“F.” copiosus
                  |        `--o †Yogoniscus Miss. NA. [Bear Gulch, Montana] [= Yugoniscus]
                  |           `-- †Y. gulo
                  |--+-- †Dicellopygidae
                  |  `--+--o †Belichthys M. Trias. Aus.
                  |     |  `-- †B. minimus Wade, 1935
                  |     `--+-- †Canobiidae
                  |        `--+--o †Acrolepis Miss. L. Perm. NA. Miss. U. Perm. Eu. Penn. SA. Penn. L. Perm. NAs. ?L.-U. Perm. SAf. ?Trias. Aus. [paraphyletic Acrolepidae]
                  |           |  |-- †A. sedgwicki
                  |           |  `-- †A. ortholepis
                  |           `-- †Amblypteridae Romer, 1945 [incl. Paramblypteridae sensu Dietze, 2000]
                  `--+--o †Gonatodus Miss. NA. Miss. Penn. EU. [paraphyletic Elonichthyidae]
                     |  `-- †G. punctatus
                     `--+-- †Pygopteridae
                        `--+--+--o †Gardineria Perm. Eu.
                           |  |  `--†G. akkolkensis
                           |  `--+-- †Cylindrichthys macropterus
                           |     `--+-- †Cylindrichthys vasilenkoi
                           |        `-- †Karaoungaria kleimani
                           `--+-- †Eigilia nielseni
                              `--+-- †Uydenia latifrons
                                 `--+-- †Uydenichthys magnus
                                    `--+--+-- †Kenderlichthys tuberculatus
                                       |  `--+-- †“Phanerosteonphonax
                                       |     `--o †Akanolepis Kazantseva-Selezneva, 1981 [paraphyletic Rhadinichthyidae]
                                       |        `-- †A. decernans
                                       `--+-- †Aeduellidae
                                          `-- †Ptycholepiformes

Taxon not treated by Dietze, 2000:

Terrasiiformes sensu Lund, 2000
    †PhanerorhynchiformesPhanerorhynchidaePhanerorhynchus Gill, 1923; Penn. Eu.
    †LuganoiiformesHaplolepiformesRedfieldiidae [Catopteridae; Dictyopygidae]
    Cladistia Cope, 1871 sensu Lund, 2000 (lapaeväiset; bichirs & reedfishes)
    †PlatysomoideiAmphicentridaeAmphicentrumDorypteriformesDorypteridaeDorypterus L. Perm. EAs. U. Perm. Eu.
                †D. hoffmanni
    Chondrostei sensu strictoBirgeriidaeSaurichthyiformes
        Acipenseriformes (Sturgeons and paddlefishes; sampikalat)
    †Paleonisciformes [paraphyletic]
    †PholidopleuriformesPeltopleuriformesPerleidiformes
    Neopterygii (Neopterygians; uusviuhkaeväiset)


Actinopterygii incertae sedis:Acanthoniscus cracens Penn. NA. [Bear Gulch, Montana]
    †Aldingeria Penn. Gr. 
    ?†Anaglyphys L. Perm. Eu. 
    †Anatoia L. Trias. SA. 
    †Atherstonia [Hypterus] U. Perm. Eu. L. Trias. SAf. Mad. U. Trias. NA.
        †A. minorAtracauda Miss. NA. [Bear Gulch, Montana]
        †A. lundiBroometta L. Trias. SAf.
    †Caminchaia L. Trias. SA.
        †C. draghii Rusconi, 1946a
    †Cenechoia L. Trias. SA.
        †C. paramillensis Rusconi, 1946c
    †Challaia L. Trias. SA.
        †C. striata Rusconi, 1946c
    †Diphyodus Miss. NA.
    †Discoserra Miss. NA. [Bear Gulch, Montana]
        †D. pectinodonDisichthys U. Perm. SAf.
    †Echentaia L. Trias. SA.
    †Elpisopholis U. Trias. Aus.
    †Eurynotoides U. Perm. Eu.
    †Evenkia L. Trias. NAs.
    †Guaymayenia L. Trias. SA.
        †G. paramillensis Rusconi, 1946b
    †Haywardia U. Trias. NA. [Bear Lake, Idaho]
        †H. jordaniIsodus Miss. Eu. 
    †Leighiscus M. Trias. Aus.
    †LigulalepisL. toombsiLuederia L. Perm. NA.
    †Muenstrichthys U. Perm. Eu.
        †M. buergeriMyriolepis L. U. Trias. Aus. ? L. Trias. SA.
         †M. clarkiOxypteriscus Miss. NAs. 
    †Palaeobergeria Miss. NAs. 
    †Pasamhaya L. Trias. SA. 
    †Peleichthys U. Perm. SAf. 
    †Pteroniscus Jur. WAs.
    ?†Schizospondylus U. Cret. Eu.
    †Tanaocrossus U. Jur. WAf.
    †Terenolepis turnerae Burrow, 1995; L. Dev. Aust.
    †Urosthenes L. Perm. Aust. [New Southj Wales]
        †U. latusWillomorichthys U. Dev. SAf.
        †W. striatulus

Reference(s):

Basden, A. M. & Young, G. C., 2001: A primitive actinopterygian neurocranium from the Early Devonian of southeastern Australia.
–Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology: Vol. 21, #4, pp. 754-766

Carroll, R. L., 1988: Vertebrate paleontology and evolution.
–W. H. Freeman and company, New York, 1988, 698

Carroll, R. L., 1988: Appendix. 594-648
in Carroll, R. L., 1988: Vertebrate paleontology and evolution.
–W. H. Freeman and company, New York, 1988, 698

Coates, M. I., 1998: Actinopterygians from the Namurian of Bearsden, Scotland, with comments on early actinopterygian neurocrania.
–Zoological Journal of Linnean Society: Vol. 122, #1, pp. 27-59

Dietze, K., 2000: A revision of paramblypterid and amplypterid actinopterygians from Upper Carboniferous-Lower Permian lacustrine deposits of central Europe.
–Palaeontology: Vol. 43, #5, pp. 927-966

Frickhinger, K. A., 1995: Fossil Atlas - Fishes.
–Mergus, Publishers for Natural History and Pet Books, Hans A.Baensch, Malle, Germany, pp. 1-1088

Long, J. A., 1995: The Rise of Fishes: 500 million years of evolution.
–Johns Hopkins University Press, Baltimore & London, pp. 1-223

Lund, R., 2000: The new actinopterygian order Guildayichthyiformes from the Lower Carboniferous of Montana (USA).
–Geodiversitas: Vol. 22, #2, pp. 171-206

Nelson, J. S., 1994: Fishes of the world.
–John Wiley & Sons Inc., New York, 1994, xx-600

 

© Mikko Haaramo,

/ Last updated 2003-08-23 / http://www.helsinki.fi/~mhaaramo