What is a university ranking?

International university rankings evaluate the amount and impact of research conducted at institutions of higher education, the quality of teaching, the reputation of the institutions in question among researchers and employers as well as the extent of their international outlook. 

The oldest and most well-known is the Shanghai Academic Ranking of World Universities (ARWU), published annually since 2003. Other famous rankings include the Times Higher Education World University Ranking, the QS World University Ranking,  the National Taiwan University Ranking and US News Best Global Universities Ranking. All in all, there are a dozen or so such global rankings using different source material and methodologies.

In a university ranking the evaluation is often condensed to one or a few scores. When evaluating research, the rankings typically measure only the number and citations of English-language publications, making it difficult for universities from non-English-speaking countries to reach the top positions. Despite their shortcomings, rankings have a significant impact on the international reputation and public image of universities. The University of Helsinki also monitors its performance in different rankings and seeks to improve it.

Only a few Nordic universities have reached the top 100. In nearly all of the most important rankings, the University of Helsinki places in the 50-100 range, elevating it to the top 0.5% of the world's universities.

The tables below lists the University of Helsinki’s positions in the most important rankings. The tables will be updated as new results are published.

Table 1: The University of Helsinki, positions in the most important rankings by geographical region, the latest year (2018)

 

University of Helsinki, rankings, the latest year (2018)

ARWU Shanghai

QS (ent.Times 2009 asti)

THE Times Higher

NTU Taiwan

US News

Mean of the five rankings

World

57

110

99

79

92

87.4

Europe

18

38

33

23

31

28.6

Nordic Countries (Denmark, Finland, Iceland, Norway, Sweden)

3

4

4

3

4

3.6

Finland

1

1

1

1

1

1

 

Table 2: The University of Helsinki, positions by the publication years of the rankings

 

Publication year of the ranking 

Shanghai (ARWU)

QS

Times (THE)

Taiwan (NTU)

US News

Mean of the five rankings

2018 57 110 99 79 92

87.4

2017 56 102 90 81 81

82.0

2016 56 91 91 71 91

80.0

2015 67 96 76 69 100 81.8
2014 73 67 103 68 101 82.2
2013 76 69 100 64    
2012 73 78 109 56    
2011 74 89 91 66    
2010 72 75 102 47    
2009 72 108   48    
2008 68 91   50    
2007 73 100   52    
2006 74 116        
2005 76 62        
2004 72 129        
2003 74          

 

The Shanghai ranking (ARWU)

Published by Shanghai Jiao Tong University, the Academic Ranking of World Universities is based on indicators measuring the universities' research and historical reputations. The indicators and their impact on the score are as follows:

  • An alumnus or alumna of the university is a Nobel or Fields laureate, 10%
  • A researcher has received a Nobel prize or a Fields Medal while working at the university, 20%
  • Citation indices of articles, 20%
  • Articles in the journals Nature or Science, 20%
  • Highly cited (top 1%) scientists, 20%
  • Ratio of the above achievements to number of academic staff, 10%

The University of Helsinki has had the most success in the citation indices and the least in indicators related to the Nobel Prize and Fields Medal. This ranking is fairly stable, and the positions of universities tend not to change rapidly. Area- and field-specific versions also exist.

The Times Higher Education (THE) Ranking

In its current iteration, the Times Higher Education ranking has been published since 2010. The ranking factors and their impact on the score are as follows:

Teaching, 30%

  • Teaching Reputation survey: 15%
  • Staff-to-student ratio: 4.5%
  • Doctorate-to-bachelor’s ration: 2.25%
  • Doctorates-awarded-to-academic-staff ratio: 6%
  • Institutional income per academic staff: 2.25%

Research (volume, income and reputation): 30%

  • Reputation survey: 18%
  • Research income per academic staff: 6%
  • Research productivity (publication per academic staff): 6%

Citations, 30%

Industry income per acadiemic staff, 2.5%

International outlook (students, staff, article int. collaboration), 7.5%

  • Proportion of international students: 2.5%
  • Proportion of international staff: 2.5%
  • International collaboration: 2.5

Of the above indicators, the University of Helsinki has received its highest evaluations for citations and lowest for industry connections. The THE ranking has been fairly stable. In 2015, the ranking switched from using the Web of Science publication database to the Scopus database, which was reflected in the results.

The QS ranking

Previously published through Times Higher Education, the QS ranking is now independent and carries the name of its founding organisation, Quacquarelli Symonds. The indicators used in the QS ranking and their impact on the score are as follows:

  • The university’s reputation among academic reseachers, 40%
  • The university’s reputation among employers, 10%
  • Ratio of citations to academic staff, 20%
  • Ratio of teachers to students, 20%
  • Proportion of Internationa students, 5 %
  • Proportion of Internationa staff , 5 %

The University of Helsinki has received its highest evaluations for the ratio of teachers to students and lowest for the number of international students. The new calculation method for the citation index, adopted in 2015, was unfavourable with respect to the University of Helsinki's strengths and caused the University's evaluation to dip. The QS ranking displays more annual fluctuation than the other rankings, since it places the main emphasis on subjective reputation surveys. The group of respondents in the reputation survey changes every year.

The Taiwan ranking

The Taiwan ranking is based exclusively on bibliometric measures of research  contrary to above mentioned rankings. Its strength lies in its diversity of indicators, and it is thus supremely suited to evaluating research-focused universities. The indicators and their impact on the score are as follows:

  • Number of articles during the past 11 years, 10%
  • Number of articles during the past year, 15%
  • Number of citations during the past 11 years, 15%
  • Number of citations during the past two years, 10%
  • Average number of citations for the past 11-year period, 10%
  • The h index during the past year, 10%
  • Number of highly-cited articles during the past 11 years, 15%
  • Number of articles in high-impact publications during the past year, 15%

The University of Helsinki has received its best evaluation for the number of citations during the past 11 years and the h index. The weakest indicator for the University was the average number of citations for the past 11-year period. Due to its varied and partially long-term indicators, the evaluation of a single university in the Taiwan ranking tends to be stable.

US News Best Global Universities Ranking

The US News Best Global Universities Ranking is the newest of important global rankings.

US News: Indicators and Weights:

  • Global research reputation 12.5%
  • Regional research reputation 12.5%
  • Publications 10%
  • Books 2.5%
  • Conferences 2.5%
  • Normalized citation impact 10%
  • Total citations 7.5%
  • Number of publications that are among the 10 percent most cited 12.5%
  • Percentage of total publications that are among the 10 percent most cited 10%
  • International collaboration 5 %
  • Percentage of total publications with international collaboration 5%
  • Number of highly cited papers that are among the top 1 percent most cited in their respective field 5%
  • Percentage of total publications that are among the top 1 percent most highly cited papers 5%

See more on US News ranking's methodology.

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Head of International Affairs Markus Laitinen and Senior Advisor Markku Javanainen (email: first last helsinki  fi) liaise with the organisations that produce these rankings. 

Read more: Recipe for a ranking