The University of Helsinki is the oldest and largest institution of academic education in Finland, an international scientific community of 40,000 students and researchers. In international university rankings, the University of Helsinki typically ranks among the top 100. The University of Helsinki seeks solutions for global challenges and creates new ways of thinking for the best of humanity. Through the power of science, the University has contributed to society, education and welfare since 1640.
The University of Helsinki in numbers
The University of Helsinki is the only Finnish university to consistently rank in the top 100 of international university rankings. There are approximately 18 000 universities in the world.
In 2018, the University of Helsinki placed 57th in the Shanghai Ranking, 99th in the Times Higher Education World University Ranking and 110th in the QS World University Ranking and 79th in the Taiwan (NTU) ranking.
In 2018, a total of 31,200 students of all levels were enrolled at the University of Helsinki. Of them, 19,910 were women, a ratio of 64%. The number of international students was 1,850 (5,9%).
First Cycle or Bachelor's degree: 16,647 students, of whom women 10,408 (63%) and men 6,239 (37%)
Second Cycle or Master's degree: 9,976 students, of whom women 6,629 (66%) and 3,347 (34%)
Licentiate's degree: 147 students, of whom women 107 (73%) and men 40 (27%)
Doctoral degree: 4,316 students, of whom women 2,620 (61%) and men 1,696 (39%)
Other degrees: 159 students, of whom women 149 (94%) and men 10 (6%)
The University of Helsinki employs 7,838 people in 2018. Of them, 57 % represent teaching and research staff. 50 % of them are women.
The total number of person years was 7,144, and 4,013 of them were spent on teaching and research.
University of Helsinki's employee's average age is 41.9 years and the average age of retirement is 65.5.
Teaching and Research Staff
Altogether 4,458 persons (3,953 person years) during year 2018.
517 professors, research directors and senior curators (level 4)
1,256 university lecturers, clinical teachers, university researchers, senior researchers, research co-ordinators, intendants, assistant professors (tenure track) (level 3)
945 post-doctoral researchers, university instructor (level 2)
1,177 doctoral students, specialising physician/dentist/veterinarian, research and teaching assistants (level 1)
118 other teaching and research staff
Altogether 3,236 persons (2,997 person years) during year 2018.
271 IT staff
259 library staff
34 technical staff
1,1143 administrative staff
1,095 teaching and research support staff
134 Teaching school's teachers
In 2018, a total of 5,514 degrees were completed at the University of Helsinki. Women completed 3,800 (69%) of these degrees.
First Cycle or Bachelor’s degree: 2,520 degrees, of which 1,736 (69%) completed by women and 784 (31%) by men.
Second Cycle or Master’s degree: 2,506 degrees, of which 1,747 (70%) completed by women and 759 (30%) by men.
Licentiate degree: 28 degrees, of which 20 (75%) completed by women and 8 (25%) by men.
Doctoral degree: 444 degrees, of which 281 (63%) completed by women and 163 (37%) by men.
Other degrees: 16 degrees, of which 16 (100%) completed by women.
In 2018, University of Helsinki researchers produced 10,900 publications. Of peer-reviewed academic publications half are produced as international cooperation.
Publications (number and % of all)
7,306 Peer reviewed scientific articles (61%)
900 Non-refereed scientific articles (11%)
199 Scientific books (monographs, edited works) (2%)
1,738 Publications intended for professional communities (17%)
783 Publications intended for the general public (9%)
The University of Helsinki has 11 faculties, and it provides teaching on four campuses in Helsinki: the City Centre, Kumpula, Meilahti and Viikki. In addition, the University has research stations in Hyytiälä, Värriö, Kilpisjärvi and Kenya.
The University of Helsinki is the only Finnish university to be a member of the League of European Research Universities, or LERU, an association of 23 leading European universities promoting the conditions and opportunities for basic research in Europe.
Of the University of Helsinki’s teachers and researchers, 24% are from outside Finland. The University had 1,850 international degree students in 2018.
631 students embarked on a student exchange in 2018. The University of Helsinki received 1,165 incoming exchange students.
Financing of the University of Helsinki during year 2018 (million euros, (%))
- Core funding by state 400 (59%)
- External funding 258 (39,5%)
- Investment and fund raising (own income) 43 (1,5%)
- Total earnings 704 (100%)