The University of Helsinki in numbers

The University of Helsinki is the oldest and largest institution of academic education in Finland, an international scientific community of 40,000 students and researchers. In international university rankings, the University of Helsinki typically ranks among the top 100. The University of Helsinki seeks solutions for global challenges and creates new ways of thinking for the best of humanity. Through the power of science, the University has contributed to society, education and welfare since 1640.

The University of Helsinki is the only Finnish university to consistently rank in the top 100 of international university rankings. There are approximately 18 000 universities in the world.

In 2019, the University of Helsinki placed 63rd in the Shanghai Ranking, 90th in the Taiwan (NTU) ranking, 96th in the Times Higher Education World University Ranking and 107th in the QS World University Ranking.

Read more about the University of Helsinki in university rankings.

In 2019, a total of 31,572 students of all levels were enrolled at the University of Helsinki. Of them, 20,213 were women, a ratio of 64 %. The number of international students was 1,970 (6,2 %).

First Cycle or Bachelor's degree:  16,467 students, of whom women 10,405 (63%) and men 6,062 (37 %)

Second Cycle or Master's degree: 10,300 students, of whom women 6,835 (66 %) and 3,465 (34 %)

Licentiate's degree: 164 students, of whom women 110 (67 %) and men 54 (33 %)

Doctoral degree: 4,496 students, of whom women  2,731 (61 %) and men 1,765 (39 %)

Other degrees: 145 students, of whom women 132  (91 %) and men 13 (9 %)

95 degree programmes

The University of Helsinki employs 8,110 people in 2019. Of them, 57 % represent teaching and research staff. Of teaching and research staff 51 % are women and 26 % international staff members.

The total number of person years was 7,392, and 4,175 of them were spent on teaching and research.

University of Helsinki's  employee's average age is 42 years and the average age of retirement is 65.5.

Teaching and Research Staff

Altogether 4,638 persons (4,175 person years) during year 2019.

617 professors, research directors and senior curators (level 4)
1,471 university lecturers, clinical teachers, university researchers, senior researchers, research co-ordinators, intendants, assistant professors (tenure track) (level 3)
1,070 post-doctoral researchers, university instructor (level 2)
1,305 doctoral students, specialising physician/dentist/veterinarian, research and teaching assistants (level 1)
175 other teaching and research staff

Other staff

Altogether 3,325 persons (3,080 person years) during year 2019.

296 IT staff
282 library staff
32 technical staff
1,191 administrative staff
1,357  teaching and research support staff
194 others

147 Teaching school's teachers

In 2019, a total of 6,142 degrees were completed at the University of Helsinki. Women completed 4,258 (69 %) of these degrees.

First Cycle or Bachelor’s degree: 2,899 degrees, of which 2,038 (69 %) completed by women and 861 (31 %) by men.

Second Cycle or Master’s degree: 2,698 degrees, of which 1,876 (70 %) completed by women and 822 (30 %) by men.

Licentiate degree: 25 degrees, of which 23 (92 %) completed by women and 2 (8 %) by men.

Doctoral degree: 503 degrees, of which 304 (60 %) completed by women and 199 (40 %) by men.

Other degrees: 17 degrees, of which 17 (100 %) completed by women.

In 2019, University of Helsinki researchers produced 10,700 publications. Of peer-reviewed academic publications half are produced as international cooperation.

Publications (number and % of all)

7,618 Peer reviewed scientific articles (71 % of publications)
960  Non-refereed scientific articles (9 % of publications)
234 Scientific books (monographs, edited works) (2 % of publications)
1,260 Publications intended for professional communities (12 % of publications)
633 Publications intended for the general public (6 % of publications)

Find out more about the University of Helsinki’s publications

The University of Helsinki is the only Finnish university to be a member of the League of European Research Universities, or LERU, an association of 23 leading European universities promoting the conditions and opportunities for basic research in Europe. During 2019 the University of Helsinki made a significant strategic decision by joining the UNA Europa alliance, which brings together the oldest top universities in Europe.

Of the University of Helsinki’s teachers and researchers, 26% are from outside Finland. The University had 1,970 international degree students in 2019.

575 students embarked on a student exchange in 2019. The University of Helsinki received 1,245 incoming exchange students.

Financing of the University of Helsinki during year 2019 (million euros, (%))

  • Core funding by state                                         386 (56%)
  • External funding                                                  284 (41%)
  • Investment and fund raising (own income)    18   (3%)
  • Total earnings                                                    688 (100%)

The Uni­versity’s key fin­an­cial fig­ures

Fin­an­cial state­ments of the university