The University of Helsinki has adopted a four level career path generating a matrix for academic career progress.
The qualification requirements for each level are available here.
An appointee to a professorship shall hold a doctoral degree and have top-level scholarly qualifications, experience in the supervision of scientific research, the ability to provide top-level teaching based on research and to supervise theses and dissertations as well as documentation of international cooperation in the research field that the appointee represents.
Assistant or associate professor (tenure track positions)
The competitive and transparent Helsinki tenure track model attracts top scientists from all over the world. With over 70 assistant and associate professors, the University of Helsinki is an attractive research and teaching environment.
More information: Tenure track at the University of Helsinki
University lecturer and clinical instructor
In the University of Helsinki career system, university lecturers are senior researchers working independently on their field of science. The tasks can have a teaching or research emphasis. To support their career progress, university lecturers are encouraged to apply for tenure track positions.
University researcher and senior researcher
The positions of university researcher and senior researcher require the ability to lead a research group and obtain supplementary research funding. The position of research coordinator requires the ability to administer research projects and their finances.
This position is typically held for 3-5 years after completing the doctoral degree.
Pedagogical training and the ability to produce learning material are required in this position.
Doctoral education and salaried doctoral positions
The University of Helsinki has four doctoral schools and 32 doctoral programmes covering all research fields at the University. All University of Helsinki doctoral students study at one of these programmes. Salaried doctoral positions are offered for full-time employment of one to four years.
More information: Doctoral education at the University of Helsinki
Other possible titles in the Finnish academic system
Academy Fellow / Academy Research Fellow
Academy of Finland (AoF) is the major public provider of research grants (does not have its own institutes). Fellows are 5-year PI positions provided to universities etc. and come with funding of 50-100 000 euros/year. They are only provided once.
Academy post-doctoral fellowship
See above: post-doctoral fellowships are 3-year grants for salary of post doc and in some instances limited running costs. Grants are only provided once and relatively often are for 2nd post docs following a period abroad with international funding.
Docent (may unofficially be used as Adjunct professor)
Finnish universities provide the title “Docent” for researchers that have advanced clearly from PhD with variable criteria, but typically display some independence; alternatively publish a number of publications. The title provides a license to supervise doctorate studies. It is not associated with any legal affiliation with providing university. The term “Adjunct professor” is sometimes confusingly used as a translation of “Docent”.
The University of Helsinki welcomes visiting researchers and visiting professors.
Research at the University can be conducted with a personal grant awarded directly to the researcher by a foundation or other institution.
A traineeship offers you the chance to demonstrate your competence, but above all to learn more about working as a professional.