Publications 2002-2011

Tarkiainen, L., Martikainen, P., Laaksonen, M., & Valkonen, T. (2011). Tuloluokkien väliset erot elinajanodotteessa ovat kasvaneet vuosina 1988–2007. Suomen lääkärilehti, 66(48), 3651-3657.

Mäenpää, E., & Jalovaara, M. (2011). The effects of homogamy in socio-economic background and education on union dissolution: Divergent effects in cohabitations and marriages?. (Stockholm Research Reports in Demography 2011:18).

Mäenpää, E., & Jalovaara, M. (2011). The effects of homogamy in socioeconomic background and education on the transition from cohabitation to marriage. (Stockholm Research Reports in Demography 2011:10).

Kaprio, J., & Silventoinen, K. (2011). Advanced methods in twin studies. Methods in molecular biology, 713(4), 143-152.

Herttua, K., Mäkelä, P. M., & Martikainen, P. (2011). An evaluation of the impact of a large reduction in alcohol prices on alcohol-related and all-cause mortality: time series analysis of a population-based natural experiment. International Journal of Epidemiology, 40(2), 441-454.

Laitala, V. S., Kaprio, J., Koskenvuo, M., Raiha, I., Rinne, J. O., & Silventoinen, K. (2011). Association and Causal Relationship of Midlife Obesity and Related Metabolic Disorders with Old Age Cognition. Current Alzheimer research, 8(6), 699-706.

Ropponen, A., Silventoinen, K., Tynelius, P., & Rasmussen, F. (2011). Association between hand grip/body weight ratio and disability pension due to musculoskeletal disorders: A population-based cohort study of 1 million Swedish men. Scandinavian Journal of Public Health, 39(8), 830-838.

Törnwall, O., Dinnella, C., Keskitalo-Vuokko, K., Silventoinen, K., Perola, M., Monteleone, E., Kaprio, J., & Tuorila, H. (2011). Astringency perception and heritability among young Finnish twins. Chemosensory perception., 4(4), 134-144.

Laaksonen, E., Lallukka, T., Lahelma, E., Ferrie, J. E., Rahkonen, O., Head, J., Marmot, M. G., & Martikainen, P. (2011). Economic difficulties and physical functioning in Finnish and British employees: contribution of social and behavioural factors. European Journal of Public Health, 21(4), 456-462.

Knaapila, A., Silventoinen, K., Broms, U. H., Rose, R. J., Perola, M., Kaprio, J., & Tuorila, H. (2011). Food neophobia in young adults: genetic architecture and relation to personality, pleasantness and use frequency of foods, and body mass index – A twin study. Behavior Genetics, 41(4), 512-521.

Narusyte, J., Ropponen, A., Silventoinen, K., Alexanderson, K., Kaprio, J., Samuelsson, A., & Svedberg, P. (2011). Genetic Liability to Disability Pension in Women and Men: A Prospective Population-Based Twin Study. PLoS One, 6(8).

Jelenkovic, A., Ortega-Alonso, A., Rose, R. J., Kaprio, J., Rebato, E., & Silventoinen, K. (2011). Genetic and Environmental Influences on Growth from Late Childhood to Adulthood: A Longitudinal Study of Two Finnish Twin Cohorts. American Journal of Human Biology, 23(6), 764-773.

Silventoinen, K., Kaprio, J., & Yokoyama, Y. (2011). Genetic regulation of pre-pubertal development of body mass index: a longitudinal study of japanese twin boys and girls. Behavior Genetics, 41(2), 234-241.

Silventoinen, K., Karvonen, M., Sugimoto, M., Kaprio, J., Dunkel, L., & Yokoyama, Y. (2011). Genetics of head circumference in infancy: a longitudinal study of Japanese twins. American Journal of Human Biology, 23(5), 630-634.

Silventoinen, K., Kaprio, J., & Yokoyama, Y. (2011). Genetics of pre-pubertal growth: A longitudinal study of Japanese twins. Annals of Human Biology, 38(5), 608-614.

Modig, K., Silventoinen, K., Tynelius, P., Kaprio, J., & Rasmussen, F. (2011). Genetics of the association between intelligence and nicotine dependence: a study of male Swedish twins. Addiction, 106(5), 995-1002.

Pietikainen, S., Silventoinen, K., Svedberg, P., Alexanderson, K., Huunan-Seppala, A., Koskenvuo, K., Koskenvuo, M., Kaprio, J., & Ropponen, A. (2011). Health-Related and Sociodemographic Risk Factors for Disability Pension due to Low Back Disorders A 30-Year Prospective Finnish Twin Cohort Study. Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine, 53(5), 488-496.

Ropponen, A., Silventoinen, K., Svedberg, P., Alexanderson, K., Koskenvuo, K., Huunan-Seppälä, A., Koskenvuo, M., & Kaprio, J. (2011). Health-related risk factors for disability pensions due to musculoskeletal diagnoses: A 30 year Finnish twin cohort study. Scandinavian Journal of Public Health, 39(8), 839-848.

Yokoyama, Y., Sugimoto, M., Pitkaniemi, J., Kaprio, J., & Silventoinen, K. (2011). Height Growth of Triplets from Birth to 12 Years of Age in Japan. Twin Research and Human Genetics, 14(5), 468-475.

Rokholm, B., Silventoinen, K., Angquist, L., Skytthe, A., Kyvik, K. O., & Sorensen, T. I. A. (2011). Increased Genetic Variance of BMI with a Higher Prevalence of Obesity. PLoS One, 6, e20816.

Rokholm, B., Silventoinen, K., Tynelius, P., Gamborg, M., Sorensen, T. I. A., & Rasmussen, F. (2011). Increasing Genetic Variance of Body Mass Index during the Swedish Obesity Epidemic. PLoS One, 6(11), e27135.

Silventoinen, K., & Jokela, M. (2011). Kognitiiviset kyvyt. In: Sosiaaliepidemiologia. Gaudeamus.

Sipilä, N., Kestilä, L., & Martikainen, P. (2011). Koulutuksen yhteys nuorten työttömyyteen. Mihin peruskoulututkinto riittää 2000-luvun alussa?. Yhteiskuntapolitiikka, 76(2), 121-134.

Herttua, K. J. K., Martikainen, P., Vahtera, J., & Kivimäki, M. (2011). Living Alone and Alcohol-Related Mortality: A Population-Based Cohort Study from Finland. PLoS Medicine, 8(9).

Laaksonen, M., & Silventoinen, K. (2011). Mitä on sosiaaliepidemiologia. Laaksonen, M., & Silventoinen, K. (Eds.), In: Sosiaaliepidemiologia: väestön terveyserot ja niihin vaikuttavat sosiaaliset tekijät. (pp. 11-25). Helsinki: Gaudeamus Helsinki University Press.

van Raalte, A. A., Kunst, A. E., Deboosere, P., Leinsalu, M., Lundberg, O., Martikainen, P., Strand, B. H., Artnik, B., Wojtyniak, B., & Mackenbach, J. P. (2011). More variation in lifespan in lower educated groups: evidence from 10 European countries. International Journal of Epidemiology, 40(6), 1703-1714.

Yokoyama, Y., Sugimoto, M., Miyake, Y., Sono, J., Mizukami, K., Kaprio, J., & Silventoinen, K. (2011). Motor Development of Triplets: A Japanese Prospective Cohort Study. Twin Research and Human Genetics, 14(2), 185-191.

Leinonen, T., Pietiläinen, O., Laaksonen, M., Rahkonen, O., Lahelma, E., & Martikainen, P. (2011). Occupational social class and disability retirement among municipal employees: the contribution of health behaviors and working conditions. Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment & Health, 37(6), 464-472.

Silventoinen, K. (2011). Onko uskonto geeneissämme vai meemeissämme? Uskonnollisuus käyttäytymisgenetiikan näkökulmasta. Humanisti : Suomen humanistiliiton jäsenlehti, (4), 16-20.

Joutsenniemi, K., Moustgaard, H., Koskinen, S., Ripatti, S., & Martikainen, P. (2011). Psychiatric comorbidity in couples: a longitudinal study of 202,959 married and cohabiting individuals. Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology, 46(7), 623-633.

Hoem, J. M., Jalovaara, M., & Mureşan, C. (2011). Recent Patterns in Group-specific Total Fertility in Finland. (Stockholm Research Reports in Demography; 20). Stockholm, Sweden.

Sekine, M., Tatsuse, T., Kagamimori, S., Chandola, T., Cable, N., Marmot, M., Martikainen, P., Lallukka, T., Rahkonen, O., & Lahelma, E. (2011). Sex inequalities in physical and mental functioning of British, Finnish, and Japanese civil servants: Role of job demand, control and work hours. Social Science & Medicine, 73(4), 595-603.

Laitala, V. S., Hjelmborg, J., Koskenvuo, M., Raiha, I., Rinne, J. O., Christensen, K., Kaprio, J., & Silventoinen, K. (2011). Shorter Adult Stature Increases the Impact of Risk Factors for Cognitive Impairment: A Comparison of Two Nordic Twin Cohorts. Twin Research and Human Genetics, 14(6), 544-552.

Jokela, M., Batty, G. D., Deary, I. J., Silventoinen, K., & Kivimäki, M. (2011). Sibling Analysis Of Adolescent Intelligence And Chronic Diseases In Older Adulthood. Annals of Epidemiology, 21(7), 489-496.

Martikainen, P., Aaltonen, M. E., & Kivivuori, J. (2011). Social Determinants of Crime in a Welfare State: Do They Still Matter?. Acta Sociologica, 54(2), 161-181.

Jalovaara, M. (2011). Socioeconomic Resources and the Dissolution of Cohabitations and Marriages. (Stockholm Research Reports in Demography; 8). Stockholm, Sweden.

Laaksonen, M., & Silventoinen, K. (Eds.) (2011). Sosiaaliepidemiologia: väestön terveyserot ja niihin vaikuttavat sosiaaliset tekijät. Helsinki: Gaudeamus Helsinki University Press.

Sirniö, O., Martikainen, P., & Moisio, P. (2011). Sulkeutuiko keskiluokka?: Rekisteripohjainen tarkastelu sosiaalisesta liikkuvuudesta Suomessa 1985-2005. Sosiologia, 48(4), 309-322.

Fyhrquist, F., Silventoinen, K., Saijonmaa, O., Kontula, K., Devereux, R., de Faire, U., Os, I., & Dahlöf, B. (2011). Telomere length and cardiovascular risk in hypertensive patients with left ventricular hypertrophy: the LIFE study. Journal of Human Hypertension, 25(12), 711-718.

Manderbacka, K., Peltonen, R., Koskinen, S., & Martikainen, P. (2011). The burden of diabetes mortality in Finland 1988-2007. BMC Public Health, 11(1), 747-751.

Herttua, K., Mäkelä, P., & Martikainen, P. (2011). The effects of a large reduction in alcohol prices on hospitalisations related to alcohol: a population-based natural experiment. Addiction, 106(4), 759-767.

Remes, H., Valkonen, T., & Martikainen, P. (2011). The effects of family type on child mortality. European Journal of Public Health, 21(6), 688-693.

Martikainen, P., & Mäki, N. (2011). Työttömyys. Laaksonen, M., & Silventoinen, K. (Eds.), In: Sosiaaliepidemiologia. (pp. 90-105). Helsinki: Gaudeamus.

Shemeikka, R. (2011). Yhteisöpohjainen HIV-hoito Afrikassa: Community based system in HIV treatment –hanke. Kuntoutus, 2011(4), 65-66.

Jalovaara, M. (2010). Socio-economic Resources and First Union Formation in Finland. (Stockholm Research Reports in Demograpy; 15).

Lyngstad, T. H., & Jalovaara, M. (2010). A review of the antecedents of union dissolution. Demographic Research, 23, 257-291.

Wennerstad, K. M., Silventoinen, K., Tynelius, P., Bergman, L., & Rasmussen, F. (2010). Association between intelligence and type-specific stroke: a population-based cohort study of early fatal and non-fatal stroke in one million Swedish men. Journal of epidemiology and community health, 64(10), 908-912.

Wennerstad, K. M., Silventoinen, K., Tynelius, P., Bergman, L., Kaprio, J., & Rasmussen, F. (2010). Associations between IQ and cigarette smoking among Swedish male twins. Social Science & Medicine, 70, 575-581.

Tarkiainen, L., Martikainen, P., Laaksonen, M., & Leyland, A. H. (2010). Comparing the effects of neighbourhood characteristics on all-cause mortality using two hierarchical areal units in the capital region of Helsinki. Health & Place, 16(2), 409-412.

Einiö, E. K. (2010). Determinants of institutional care at older ages in Finland. Helsinki: The Population Research Insitutute.

Pokhrel, A., Martikainen, P., Pukkala, E., Rautalahti, M., Seppä, K., & Hakulinen, T. (2010). Education, survival and avoidable deaths in cancer patients in Finland. British Journal of Cancer, (103), 1109-1114.

Stirbu, I., Kunst, A. E., Bopp, M., Leinsalu, M., Regidor, E., Esnaola, S., Costa, G., Martikainen, P., Borrell, C., Deboosere, P., Kalediene, R., Rychtarikova, J., Artnik, B., & Mackenbach, J. P. (2010). Educational inequalities in avoidable mortality in Europe. Journal of Epidemiology & Community Health, 64(10), 913-920.

Konttinen, H., Silventoinen, K., Sarlio-Lähteenkorva, S., Männistö, S., & Haukkala, A. (2010). Emotional eating and physical activity self-efficacy as pathways in the association between depressive symptoms and adiposity indicators. American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, 92(5), 1031-1039.

Konttinen, H., Mannisto, S., Sarlio-Lähteenkorva, S., Silventoinen, K., & Haukkala, A. (2010). Emotional eating, depressive symptoms and self-reported food consumption: A population-based study. Appetite, 54(3), 473-479.

Silventoinen, K., Sundstrom, J., Tynelius, P., Eriksson, J., & Rasmussen, F. (2010). Ethnic differences in blood pressure in young men living in similar environment: a study of international adoptees in Sweden. Journal of Hypertension, 28, 1393-1399.

Lehtovirta, M., Pietiläinen, K. H., Levalahti, E., Heikkila, K., Groop, L., Silventoinen, K., Koskenvuo, M., & Kaprio, J. (2010). Evidence that BMI and type 2 diabetes share only a minor fraction of genetic variance: a follow-up study of 23,585 monozygotic and dizygotic twins from the Finnish Twin Cohort Study. Diabetologia, 53, 1314-1321.

Laaksonen, M., Piha, K., Rahkonen, O., Martikainen, P., & Lahelma, E. (2010). Explaining occupational class differences in sickness absence: results from middle-aged municipal employees. Journal of epidemiology and community health, 64, 802-807.

Johnson, W., Deary, I. J., Silventoinen, K., Tynelius, P., & Rasmussen, F. (2010). Family Background Buys an Education in Minnesota but Not in Sweden. Psychological Science, 21(9), 1266-1273.

Shemeikka, R. (2010). Finnish Official Development Aid for Sexual and Reproductive Health and Rights in Sub-Saharan Africa. In: Finnish Yearbook of Population Research. (pp. 143-170). Väestöntutkimuslaitos.

Laaksonen, M., Mastekaasa, A., Martikainen, P., Rahkonen, O., Piha, K., & Lahelma, E. (2010). Gender differences in sickness absence: the contribution of occupation and workplace.Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment & Health, 36(5), 394-403.

Korja, M., Silventoinen, K., McCarron, P., Zdravkovic, S., Skytthe, A., Haapanen, A., de Faire, U., Pedersen, N. L., Christensen, K., Koskenvuo, M., Kaprio, J., & GenomeEUtwin Project (2010). Genetic epidemiology of spontaneous subarachnoid hemorrhage: Nordic Twin Study. Stroke, 41(11), 2458-2462.

Shemeikka, R., Notkola, V., Kuhanen, J., Siiskonen, H., & Kontio, K. M. (2010). HIV, mortality and affected families in North-Central Namibia. Demographic Research.

Piha, K., Laaksonen, M., Martikainen, P., Rahkonen, O., & Lahelma, E. (2010). Interrelationships between education, occupational class, income and sickness absence. European Journal of Public Health, 20(3), 276-280.

Sipilä, P., & Martikainen, P. (2010). Language-group mortality differentials in Finland: the effects of local language composition. Health & Place, 16(3), 446-451.

Waller, K., Kaprio, J., Lehtovirta, M., Silventoinen, K., Koskenvuo, M., & Kujala, U. M. (2010). Leisure-time physical activity and type 2 diabetes during a 28 year follow-up in twins. Diabetologia, 53(12), 2531-2537.

Silventoinen, K., & Kaprio, J. (2010). Liikunta auttaa vähentämään geneettisen alttiuden vaikutusta lihavuuteen. Duodecim, 126(9), 1031-1036.

Blomgren, J., Martikainen, P., Grundy, E., & Koskinen, S. (2010). Marital history 1971–1991 and mortality 1991–2004 in England & Wales and Finland. Journal of Epidemiology & Community Health.

Remes, H., Martikainen, P., & Valkonen, T. (2010). Mortality Inequalities by Parental Education among Children and Young Adults in Finland 1990–2004. Journal of Epidemiology & Community Health, 64(2), 130-135.

Mäki, . N. (2010). Not in all walks of life?: social differences in suicide mortality. (Research Reports, Department of Sociology). Helsinki: University of Helsinki.

Waller, K., Kujala, U. M., Rantanen, T., Kauppinen, M., Silventoinen, K., Koskenvuo, M., & Kaprio, J. (2010). Physical activity, morbidity and mortality in twins: a 24-year prospective follow-up. European Journal of Epidemiology, 25(10), 731-739.

Volanen, S-M., Suominen, S., Lahelma, E., Koskenvuo, K., Koskenvuo, M., & Silventoinen, K. (2010). Sense of coherence and intentions to retire early among Finnish women and men. BMC Public Health, 10(22).

Sekine, M., Chandola, T., Martikainen, P., Marmot, M., & Kagamimori, S. (2010). Sex differences in physical and mental functioning of Japanese civil servants: Explanations from work and family characteristics. Social Science & Medicine, 71(12), 2091-2099.

Hublin, C., Partinen, M., Harkonmäki, K., Silventoinen, K., Koskenvuo, M., & Kaprio, J. (2010). Shift-work and cardiovascular disease: a population-based 22-year follow-up study. European Journal of Epidemiology, 25(5), 315-323.

Lahelma, E., Lallukka, T., Laaksonen, M., Martikainen, P., Rahkonen, O., Chandola, T., Head, J., Marmot, M., Kagamimori, S., Tatsuse, T., & Sekine, M. (2010). Social class differences in health behaviours among employees from Britain, Finland and Japan: the influence of psychosocial factors. Health & Place, 16(1), 61-70.

Aittomäki, A., Martikainen, P., Laaksonen, M., Lahelma, E., & Rahkonen, O. (2010). The associations of household wealth and income with self-rated health: A study on economic advantage in middle-aged Finnish men and women. Social Science & Medicine, 71(5), 1018-1026.

Herttua, K. J. K. (2010). The effects of the 2004 reduction in the price of alcohol on alcohol-related harm in Finland – a natural experiment based on register data. Väitöskirja, Helsingin yliopisto. 2010.Helsinki: Väestöliitto.

Silventoinen, K., Rokholm, B., Kaprio, J., & Sorensen, T. I. A. (2010). The genetic and environmental influences on childhood obesity: a systematic review of twin and adoption studies. International Journal of Obesity, 34(1), 29-40.

Singh-Manoux, A., Gourmelen, J., Ferrie, J., Silventoinen, K., Guéguen, A., Stringhini, S., Nabi, H., & Kivimäki, M. (2010). Trends in the association between height and socioeconomic indicators in France, 1970-2003. Economics & Human Biology, 8(3), 396-404.

Hasselbalch, A. L., Silventoinen, K., Keskitalo, K., Pietilainen, K. H., Rissanen, A., Heitmann, B. L., Kyvik, K. O., Sorensen, T. I. A., & Kaprio, J. (2010). Twin Study of Heritability of Eating Bread in Danish and Finnish Men and Women. Twin Research and Human Genetics, 13(2), 163-167.

Martikainen P, Moustgaard H, Murphy M, Einiö EK, Koskinen S, Martelin T & Noro A (2009): Gender, living arrangements, and social circumstances as determinants of entry into and exit from long-term institutional care at older ages: a 6-year follow-up study of older Finns. The Gerontologist 49(1): 34-45.

Moustgaard H & Martikainen P (2009): Nonmarital cohabitation among older Finnish men and women: socioeconomic characteristics and forms of union dissolution. J Gerontol B Psychol Sci Soc Sci, 64(4): 507-516.

Martikainen P, Valkonen T, Moustgaard H. (2009): The effects of individual taxable income, household taxable income, and household disposable income on mortality in Finland, 1998-2004. Popul Stud, 63(2): 147-162.

Herttua K, Mäkelä P & Martikainen P (2009): An evaluation of the impact of a large reduction in alcohol prices on alcohol-related and all-cause mortality: time series analysis of a population-based natural experiment. Int J Epidemiol. 40(2):441-454.

Mäki N & Martikainen P: The role of socioeconomic indicators on non-alcohol and alcohol-associated suicide mortality among women. A register-based follow-up study of 12 million person-years. Social Science & Medicine 68:2161–2169.

Mäenpää E (2009): Cohabiting Partners’ Socioeconomic Characteristics and the Transition to Marriage in Finland. Finnish Yearbook of Population Research in Finland 44:63–77.

Savolainen J, Sipilä P & Martikainen P (2009): Family, community and lifestyle: Adolescent victimization in Helsinki. Sociological Quarterly 50:715–738.

Sipilä P & Martikainen P (2009): Language-group mortality differentials in Finland in 1988-2004: assessment of the contribution of cause of death, sex and age. European Journal of Public Health 19:492-498.

Laaksonen M, Piha K, Martikainen P, Rahkonen O & Lahelma E (2009): Health-related behaviours and sickness absence from work. Occupational and Environmental Medicine 66:840-847.

Laaksonen M, Tarkiainen L & Martikainen P (2009): Housing wealth and mortality: a register linkage study of the Finnish population. In press Social Science and Medicine 69(5):754-60.

Sekine M, Chandola T, Martikainen P, Marmot M & Kagamimori S (2009): Socioeconomic inequalities in physical and mental functioning of British, Finnish, and Japanese civil servants: Role of job demand, control, and work hours. Soc Sci Med. 69(10):1417-25.

Shemeikka, R, Iipinge S, Indongo N, Siiskonen H, Torkko T & Notkola V (2009): Reproductive health in southern Africa: Government policies and changes in sexual and reproductive health and rights. Evaluation reports 1/2009. Helsinki: Rehabilitation Foundation. 299 pp.

Ferrie JE, Kivimaki M, Singh-Manoux A, Shortt A, Martikainen P, Head J, Marmot M, Gimeno D, De Vogli R, Elovainio M & Shipley MJ (2009): Non-response to baseline, non-response to follow-up and mortality in the Whitehall II cohort. International Journal of Epidemiology 38(3):831-7.

Laaksonen E, Martikainen P, Lallukka T, Lahelma E, Ferrie J, Rahkonen O, Marmot M & Head J (2009). Economic difficulties and common mental disorders among Finnish and British white-collar employees: the contribution of social and behavioural factors. Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health 63(3):439-446.

Laaksonen E, Martikainen P, Head J, Rahkonen O, Marmot M & Lahelma E (2009): Associations of multiple socio-economic circumstances with physical functioning among Finnish and British employees. European Journal of Public Health 19(1):38-45.

Sekine M, Tatsuse T, Kagamimori S, Chandola T, Cable N, Marmot M, Martikainen P, Lallukka T & Lahelma, E (2009): Sex Inequalities in Physical and Mental Functioning of British, Finnish, and Japanese Civil Servants: Role of Job Demand, Control and Work Hours. Journal of Women’s Health 18 (5):757-758.

Silventoinen K, Hasselbalch AL, Lallukka T, Bogl L, Pietiläinen KH, Heitmann BL, Schousboe K, Rissanen A, Kyvik KO, Sørensen TIA & Kaprio J (2009): Modification effects of physical activity and protein intake on heritability of body size and composition. American Journal of Clinical Nutrition 90:1096-1103.

Kettunen J, Perola M, Martin NG, Cornes BK, Wilson SG, Montgomery GW, Harris JR, Boomsma D, Willemsen G, Hottenga JJ, Slagboom PE, Christensen K, Kyvik KO, Sørensen TIA, Pedersen NL, Magnusson PKE, Andrew T, Spector TD, Widen E, Silventoinen K, Kaprio J, Palotie A & Peltonen L (2009): Multicenter dizygotic twin cohort study confirms two linkage susceptibility loci for body mass index at 3q29 and 7q36 and identifies three further potential novel loci. International Journal of Obesity 33:235-1242. The GenomEUtwin Project.

Laitala VS, Kaprio J, Koskenvuo M, Räihä I, Rinne JO & Silventoinen K (2009): Goffee drinking in middle age is not associated with cognitive performance in old age. American Journal of Clinical Nutrition 90:640-646.

Silventoinen K & Kaprio J (2009): Genetics of tracking of body mass index from birth to middle age: evidence from twin and family studies. Obesity Facts 2:96-202.

Konttinen H, Haukkala A, Sarlio-Lähteenkorva S, Silventoinen K & Jousilahti P (2009): Eating styles, self-control and obesity indicators: the moderating role of obesity status and dieting history on restrained eating. Appetite 53:131-134.

Pietiläinen O, Paunio T, Loukola A, Tuulio-Henrikson A, Kieseppä T, Thompson P, Toga AW, van Erp T, Silventoinen K, Soronen P, Hennah W, Turunen JA, Peltonen JO, Palo OM, Silander K, Lönnqvist J, Kaprio J, Cannon TD & Peltonen L (2009): Search for genetic variants in AKT1 affecting cognitive functions and gray matter density in twins. Neuropsychiatric Genetics 150B:683-692.

Lajunen H, Kaprio J, Keski-Rahkonen A, Rose RJ, Pulkkinen L, Rissanen A & Silventoinen K (2009): Genetic and environmental effects on body mass index during adolescence: a prospective study among Finnish twins. International Journal of Obesity 33:559-567.

Yokoyama Y, Sugimoto M, Pitkäniemi J, Silventoinen K & Kaprio J (2009): Growth charts of length and height from birth to six years of age in Japanese triplets. Twin Research and Human Genetics 12:320-327.

Harkonmäki K, Martikainen P, Lahelma E, Pitkäniemi J, Halmeenmäki T, Silventoinen K & Ossi Rahkonen (2009): Intentions to retire, life dissatisfaction and the subsequent risk of disability retirement. Scandinavian Journal of Public Health 37:252-259.

Silventoinen K, Magnusson PKE, Tynelius P, Batty GD & Rasmussen F (2009): Association of body size and muscle strength with incidence of coronary heart disease and cerebrovascular diseases: a population-based cohort study of one million Swedish men. International Journal of Epidemiology 38:110-118.

Mustelin L, Silventoinen K, Pietiläinen K, Rissanen A & Kaprio J (2009): Physical activity reduces the influence of genetic effects on BMI and waist circumference- a study in young adult twins. International Journal of Obesity 33:29-36.

Kostiainen E, Martelin T, Kestilä L, Martikainen P & Koskinen S (2009): Employee, partner and mother: woman’s three roles and their implication for health. Journal of Family 30(8):1122-1150.

Richard F, Aaltonen M & Moustgaard, H (2008): Is the Association between Alcohol Use and Delinquency Spurious? Criminology 46(3):785-808

Nihtilä EK, Martikainen P, Koskinen S, Reunanen A, Noro A & Häkkinen U (2008): Chronic conditions and the risk of long-term institutionalization among older people. European Journal of Public Health 18(1):77-84.

Doblhammer G, Ziegler U, Martikainen P, Nihtilä E, and Apt W. 2008. Health and its effect on the future demand for care, in Future Elderly Living Conditions in Europe. J. Gaymu, P. Festy, M. Poulain and G. Beets (eds.) Paris: Institut National d’Etudes Démographiques, pp. 141-166.

Häkkinen U, Martikainen P, Noro A, Nihtilä E & Peltola M (2008): Aging, health expenditure, proximity to death, and income in Finland. Health economics, policy, and law 3(2):165-195.

Nihtilä E & Martikainen P (2008): Institutionalization of older adults after the death of a spouse, American Journal of Public Health 98(7):1228-1234.

Herttua K, Mäkelä P & Martikainen P (2008): Changes in alcohol-related mortality and its socioeconomic differences after a large reduction in alcohol prices: a natural experiment based on register data. Am J Epidemiol 168(10):1110-8; discussion 1126-31.

Valkonen T, Blomgren J, Kauppinen TM, Martikainen P & Mäenpää E (2008): The Effects of Regional Socioeconomic and Cultural Characteristics on the Spatial Patterns of the Second Demographic Transition in Finland. Demographic Research 19:2043–2056.

Herttua K, Mäkelä P, Martikainen P & Sirén R (2008): The impact of a large reduction in the price of alcohol on area differences in interpersonal violence: a natural experiment based on aggregate data. J Epidemiol Community Health 62(11):995-1001.

Felson R, Savolainen J, Aaltonen M & Moustgaard H (2008): Is the association between alcohol use and delinquency causal or spurious? Criminology 46(3):785-808.

Karvonen S, Sipilä P, Martikainen P, Rahkonen O & Laaksonen M (2008): Smoking in context – a multilevel approach to smoking among females in Helsinki. BMC Public health 8:134.

Mäki N & Martikainen P (2008): The effects of education, social class and income on non-alcohol- and alcohol-associated suicide mortality: a register-based study of Finnish men aged 25-64. European Journal of Population 24(4):385–404.

Martikainen P, Mäki N & Jäntti M (2008): The effects of workplace downsizing on cause-specific mortality: a register-based follow-up study of Finnish men and women remaining in employment. Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health 62(11):1008-13.

Martikainen P, Nihtilä E & Moustgaard H  (2008): The effects of socioeconomic status and health on transitions in living arrangements and mortality: a longitudinal analysis of elderly Finnish men and women from 1997 to 2002. The Journals of Gerontology Series B: Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences 63(2):S99-109.

Aittomäki, A., Lahelma, E., Rahkonen, O., Leino-Arjas, P., Martikainen, P (2008): Job decision latitude as a potential modifier of the contribution of physical workload to poor functioning in middle-aged employees. International archives of occupational and environmental health 81(8):975-982.

Blomgren J, Martikainen P, Martelin T & Koskinen S (2008): Determinants of home-based formal care in community-dwelling older people in Finland. European Journal of Ageing 5(4):335-347.

Brunner EJ, Mosdøl A, Witte DR , Martikainen P, Stafford M, Shipley MJ & Marmot, MG (2008): Dietary patterns and 15-y risks of major coronary events, diabetes, and mortality. Am J Clin Nutr, 87(5):1414-21.

Espelt A, Borrell C, Roskam AJ, Rodríguez-Sanz M, Stirbu I , Dalmau-Bueno A, Regidor E, Bopp M, Martikainen P, Leinsalu M, Artnik B, Rychtarikova J, Kalediene R, Dzurova D, Mackenbach J & Kunst AE (2008): Socioeconomic inequalities in diabetes mellitus across Europe at the beginning of the 21st century. Diabetologia, 51(11):1971-9.

Ezendam NPM, Stirbu I, Leinsalu M, Lundberg O, Kalediene R, Wojtyniak B, Martikainen P, Mackenbach J & Kunst A (2008): Educational inequalities in cancer mortality differ greatly between countries around the Baltic Sea. Eur J Cancer 44(3):454-64.

Kauppinen TM, Valkonen T & Martikainen P (2008): Elinajanodotteen alue-erojen kehitys ja sosiaalisen rakenteen yhteys eroihin pääkaupunkiseudulla. Förväntad livslängd och social struktur i Huvudstadsregionen. Kvartti: Helsingin kaupungin tietokeskuksen neljännesvuosijulkaisu. 3:30-42.

Kauppinen, T, Valkonen T, Martikainen P & Tarkiainen L (2008): Elinajanodotteen muutos Helsingissä 1991-2005. Helsinkiläiset saaneet lisää elinvuosia, mutta niitä on vähemmän kuin muilla suomalaisilla. Kuntapuntari 3:16-19.

Kohler IV, Martikainen P, Smith K & Elo I (2008): Educational differences in all-cause mortality by marital status – Evidence from Bulgaria, Finland and the United States. Demogr Res 19(10):2011-2042.

Laaksonen M, Martikainen P, Nihtilä E, Rahkonen O & Lahelma E (2008):. Home ownership and mortality: a register-based follow-up study of 300,000 Finns. J Epidemiol Community Health 62(4):293-7.

Lallukka T, Lahelma E, Rahkonen O, Roos E, Laaksonen E, Martikainen P, Head J, Brunner E, Mosdol A, Marmot M, Sekine M, Nasermoaddeli A & Kagamimori S (2008): Associations of job strain and working overtime with adverse health behaviors and obesity: evidence from the Whitehall II Study, Helsinki Health Study, and the Japanese Civil Servants Study. Social Science and Medicine, 66(8):1681-1698.

Menvielle G, Kunst A E, Stirbu I, Strand B H, Borrell C, Regidor E, Leclerc A, Esnaola S, Bopp M, Lundberg O, Artnik B, Costa G, Deboosere P, Martikainen P & Mackenbach JP (2008): Educational differences in cancer mortality among women and men: a gender pattern that differs across Europe. Br J Cancer 98(5):1012-9.

Martikainen P & Ferrie J  (2008): The effects of unemployment and job insecurity on health and mortality. Encyclopedia of Public Health. Elsevier 2007.

Ferrie J & Martikainen P (2007): Job Insecurity; the health effects of a psychosocial work stressor. In: George Fink (ed.)  Encyclopedia of Stress. Elsevier. 549-555.

Martikainen P & Ferrie J (2007): Populations at Special Health Risk: Unemployed: Unemployment and Job Insecurity. In Heggenhougen K & Quah S (eds.) International Encyclopedia of Public Health. Elsevier. 268-276.

Singh-Manoux A, Gueguen A, Ferrie J, Shipley M, Martikainen P, Bonenfant S, Goldberg M & Marmot M (2008): Gender differences in the association between morbidity and mortality among middle-aged men and women. American Journal of Public Health 98(12):2251-7.

Martikainen P, Sipilä P, Blomgren J & van Lenthe FJ (2008): The effects of migration on the relationship between area socioeconomic structure and mortality. Health & Place 14(2):361-66.

Shemeikka R, Notkola V, Kuhanen J & Siiskonen H (2008): HIV and fertility decline in North-Central Namibia 1980-2004. Finnish Yearbook of Population Research 43:7-32.

Kuhanen, J, Shemeikka R, Notkola V & Nghixulifwa MNO (2008): Junior-headed households as a possible strategy for coping with the growing orphan crisis in northern Namibia. African Journal of AIDS Research 7(1):123–132.

Kauppinen TM (2007): Neighborhood effects in a European city: Secondary education of young people in Helsinki. Social Science Research 36:421-444.

Haapola I & Kauppinen TM (2007): Tukea talouslaman jälkeen. Toimeentulotuen saannin kesto 2000-luvun alussa yhdessätoista kaupungissa. Päijät-Hämeen ja Itä-Uudenmaan sosiaalialan osaamiskeskus Verso, Lahti.

Nihtilä E & Martikainen P (2007): Household income and other socio-economic determinants of long-term institutionalization among older adults. Population Studies 61(3):299-314.

Herttua K, Mäkelä P & Martikainen P (2007): Differential trends in alcohol-related mortality: a register-based follow-up study in Finland in 1987-2003. Alcohol and Alcoholism 42(5):456-64.

Koskinen S, Jalovaara M & Martelin T (2007): Demografiset mittaluvut. Teoksessa Koskinen S, Martelin T, Notkola I, Notkola V, Pitkänen K, Jalovaara M, Mäenpää E, Ruokolainen A, Ryynänen M & Söderling I (toim.) Suomen väestö. Helsinki: Gaudeamus. 23-40.

Pitkänen K & Jalovaara M (2007): Perheet ja perheenmuodostus. Teoksessa Koskinen S, Martelin T, Notkola I, Notkola V, Pitkänen K, Jalovaara M, Mäenpää E, Ruokolainen A, Ryynänen M & Söderling I (toim.) Suomen väestö. Helsinki: Gaudeamus. . 115-167.

Koskinen S, Martelin T, Notkola I, Notkola V, Pitkänen K, Jalovaara M, Mäenpää E, Ruokolainen A, Ryynänen M & Söderling I (toim.) (2007): Suomen väestö. Helsinki: Gaudeamus.

Jalovaara, M (2007): The effects of marriage partners’ socio-economic positions on the risk of divorce in Finland. Finnish Yearbook of Population Research, XLIII Supplement. Helsinki: The Family Federation of Finland.

Martikainen P, Blomgren J & Valkonen T (2007): Change in the total and independent effects of education and social class on mortality from 1971 to 2000. Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health 61(6):499-505.

Laaksonen E, Martikainen P, Lahelma E, Lallukka T, Rahkonen O, Head J & Marmot M (2007):  Socioeconomic circumstances and common mental disorders among Finnish and British public sector employees: evidence from the Helsinki Health Study and the Whitehall II Study. International Journal of Epidemiology 36(4):776-786.

Koskinen S, Joutsenniemi K, Martelin T & Martikainen P (2007): Mortality differences according to living arrangements. International Journal of Epidemiology 36:1255-1264.

Aittomäki A, Lahelma E, Rahkonen O, Leino Arjas P & Martikainen P (2007): The contribution of musculoskeletal disorders and physical workload to socioeconomic inequalities in health. European Journal of Public Health 17(2):145-150.

Martikainen P, Mäki N & Jäntti M (2007): The effects of unemployment on mortality following work place downsizing and work place closure: a register based follow-up study of Finnish men and women during economic boom and recession. American Journal of Epidemiology 165(9):1070-5.

Joutsenniemi K, Martelin T, Kestilä L, Martikainen P, Pirkola S & Koskinen S (2007): Living arrangements, heavy drinking and alcohol dependence. Alcohol and Alcoholism 42(5):480-91.

van Lenthe F, Martikainen P & Mackenbach J (2007): Neighbourhood inequalities and health and health-related behaviour: Results of selective migration? Health & Place 13(1):123-37.

Martikainen P, Laaksonen M, Piha K & Lallukka T (2007): The effect of non-response bias on questionnaire based studies on social class inequalities in health. Scandinavian Journal of Public Health 35(2):212-5.

Singh Manoux A, Guéguen A, Martikainen P, Ferrie J, Marmot M & Shipley M (2007): Self rated health and mortality: short and long term associations in the Whitehall II study. Psychosomatic Medicine 69(2):138-43.

Singh-Manoux A, Dugravot A, Shipley MJ, Ferrie JE, Martikainen P, Goldberg M & Zins M  (2007): The association between self-rated health and mortality in different socioeconomic groups in the GAZEL cohort study. International Journal of Epidemiology 36(6):1222-1228.

Piha K, Martikainen P, Rahkonen O, Roos E & Lahelma E  (2007): Trends in socio-economic differences in sickness absence among Finnish municipal employees 1990-99. In press Scandinavian Journal of Public Health 35(4):348-55.

Laaksonen M, Silventoinen K, Martikainen P, Rahkonen O, Pitkäniemi J & Lahelma E  (2007): The effects of childhood circumstances, adult socioeconomic status and material circumstances on physical and mental functioning: a structural equation modelling approach. Annals of Epidemiology 17(6):431-9.

Hemingway H, McCallum A, Shipley M, Manderbacka K, Martikainen P & Keskimäki I. Large-scale clinical epidemiology of stable angina in women and men. Cardiology Review 24(3):29-32.

Menvielle G, Kunst A, Stirbu I, Borrell C, Bopp M, Regidor E. Strand H, Deboosere P, Lundberg O, Leclerc A, Costa G, Chastang J-F, Esnaola S, Martikainen P & Mackenbach J (2007): Socioeconomic inequalities in alcohol related cancer mortality among men: to what extent do they differ between Western European populations? International Journal of Cancer 121(3):649-55.

Mäki N & Martikainen P (2007): Socioeconomic differences in suicide mortality by sex in Finland in 1971–2000: a register-based study of trends, levels and life-expectancy differences. Scandinavian Journal of Public Health 35;387–395.

Shemeikka, R, Kuhanen J, Notkola V & Siiskonen H (2007): HIV-epidemia ja sosiaalinen ja taloudellinen tuki eteläisessä Afrikassa: Tuen tarve Pohjois-Namibiassa. Kuntoutus 1/2007:16-36.

Strand BH, Kunst A, Huisman M, Menvielle G, Glickman M, Bobb M, Borell C, Borgan J, Costa G, Deboosere P, Regidor E, Valkonen T & Mackenbach J (2007): The reversed social gradient: Higher breast cancer mortality in the higher educated compared to lower educated. European Journal of Cancer 43:1200-1207.

Blomgren J & Valkonen T (2007): Charactersitics of urban regions and all-cause mortality in working –age population: Effects of social environment and interactions with individual unemployment. Demographic Research 17:109-134.

Blomgren J (2006): Asuinseutujen vaikutukset aikuisväestön huono-osaisuusriskeihin. Yhteiskuntapolitiikka 71(1):92-95.

Blomgren J, Martikainen P, Martelin T & Koskinen S (2006): Ikääntyneiden saama epävirallinen ja virallinen apu Suomessa. Yhteiskuntapolitiikka 71(2):167-178.

Dahl E, Fritzell J, Lahelma E, Martikainen P, Kunst A & Mackenbach J (2006): Welfare regimes and health inequalities. In: Siegrist J & Marmot M (Eds.): Socioeconomic position and health: new evidence and policy implications. Oxford University Press.

Elo I, Martikainen P & Smith KP (2006): Socioeconomic Differentials in Mortality in Finland and the United States: The Role of Education and Income. European Journal of Population 22(2):179-203.

Harkonmäki K, Lahelma E, Martikainen P, Rahkonen O & Silventoinen K (2006): Mental functioning and intentions to retire early among ageing municipal employees: the Helsinki Health Study. Scandinavian Journal of Public Health 34(2):190-8.

Harkonmäki K, Rahkonen O, Martikainen P, Silventoinen K & Lahelma E (2006): Associations of SF 36 mental health functioning and work and family related factors with intentions to retire early among employees. Occupational and Environmental Medicine 63(8):558-63.

Head J, Kivimäki M, Martikainen P, Vahtera J, Ferrie JE & Marmot MG (2006): Influence of change in psychosocial work characteristics on sickness absence: The Whitehall II Study. Journal of Epidemiology & Community Health 60(1):55-61.

Hemingway H, McCallum A, Shipley M, Manderbacka K, Martikainen P & Keskimaki I (2006): Incidence and prognostic implications of stable angina pectoris among women and men. JAMA 295(12):1404-11.

Joutsenniemi K, Martelin T, Koskinen S, Martikainen P, Harkanen T Luoto R & Aromaa A (2006): Official marital status, cohabiting, and self-rated health–time trends in Finland, 1978-2001. Eur J Public Health 16(5):476-83.

Joutsenniemi K, Martelin T, Martikainen P, Pirkola S & Koskinen S (2006): Living arrangements and mental health in Finland. J Epidemiol Community Health 60(6):468-75.

Kauppinen TM (2006): Asuinalueen vaikutusten analyysi monitasoanalyysin ja rekisteriaineiston avulla. Teoksessa Wilska T & Lähteenmäki J (toim): Kultainen nuoruus. Kurkistuksia nuorten hyvinvointiin ja sen tutkiseen. Verkkojulkaisusarja. Helsinki:Nuorisotutkimusverkosto.

Laaksonen M, Rahkonen O, Martikainen P, Karvonen S & Lahelma E (2006): Smoking and SF-36 Health Functioning. Preventive Medicine 42(3):206-9.

Laaksonen M, Rahkonen O, Martikainen P & Lahelma E.. Associations of psychosocial working conditions with self-rated general health and mental health among municipal employees. International Archives of Occupational and Environmental Health 79(3):205-12.

Laaksonen M, Sarlio-Lähteenkorva S, Leino-Arjas P, Martikainen P & Lahelma E (2006): Body Weight and Health Status: Importance of Socioeconomic Position and Working Conditions. Obesity Research 13:2169-2177.

Lahelma E, Laaksonen M, Martikainen P, Rahkonen O & Sarlio-Lähteenkorva S (2006): Multiple socioeconomic circumstances and common mental disorders. Social Science & Medicine 63(5):1383-99.

Lallukka T, Martikainen P, Reunanen A, Roos E, Sarlio-Lähteenkorva S & Lahelma E (2006): Associations between working conditions and angina pectoris symptoms among employed women. Psychosom Med 68(2):348-54.

Murphy M, Martikainen P & Pennec S (2006): Demographic change and the supply of potential family supporters in Britain, Finland and France in the period 1911-2050. European Journal of Population 22(3):219-40.

Rahkonen O, Laaksonen M, Martikainen P, Roos E, Lahelma E (2006): : Job control, job demands or social class? The impact of working conditions on the relationship between social class and health. Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health 60:50-54.

Saastamoinen P, Leino-Arjas P, Laaksonen M, Martikainen P & Lahelma E (2006): Pain and health related functioning among employees. Journal of Epidemiology & Community Health 60(9);793-8.

Sekine M, Chandola T, Martikainen P, Marmot M & Kagamimori S (2006): Explaining Social Inequalities in Health by Sleep: the Japanese Civil Servants Study. Journal of Public Health 28(1):63-70.

Sekine M, Chandola T, Martikainen P, Marmot M & Kagamimori S (2006): Psychosocial Work and Family Environment as Determinants of Gender and Socioeconomic Inequalities in Sleep: the Japanese Civil Servants Study. Sleep 29(2):206-16.

Sekine M, Chandola T, Martikainen P, Marmot M & Kagamimori S.: Socioeconomic Inequalities in Physical and Mental Functioning of Japanese Civil Servants: Explanations from Work and Family Characteristics. Social Science and Medicine 63(2):430-45.

Shemeikka R (2006): Fertility in Namibia: Changes in fertility levels in North-Central Namibia 1960-2001, including an assessment of the impact of HIV. Yearbook of Population Research in Finland XLII. Supplement. Helsinki: The Population Research Institute of the Family Federation of Finland.

Singh-Manoux A, Martikainen P, Ferrie J, Zins M, Marmot M & Goldberg M (2006): What does self-rated-health measure? Results from the British Whitehall II and French Gazel cohort studies. Journal of Epidemiology & Community Health 60(4):364-72.

Winter T, Roos E, Rahkonen O, Martikainen P & Lahelma E (2006): Work-family conflicts and self-rated health among middle-aged municipal employees in Finland. International Journal of Behavioral Medicine 13(4):276-85.

Valkonen T & Martikainen P (2006): Trends in life expectancy by level of education and occupational class in Finland 1981 – 2000. Finnish Yearbook of Population Research XLII 42:27-42.

Avendano M, Kunst AE, Huisman M, Lenthe FV, Bopp M, Regidor E, Glickman M, Costa G, Spadea T, Deboosere P, Borrel C, Valkonen T, Gisser R, Borgan J-K, Gadeyne S & Mackenbach JP (2006): Socioeconomic status and ischaemic heart disease mortality in 10 western European populations during the 1990s. Heart 92:461-467.

Aittomäki A., Lahelma E., Roos E., Leino-Arjas P., Martikainen P., Gender differences in the association of age with physical work load and functioning. Occupational and Environmental Medicine 2005;62(2):95-100.

Blomgren J.: Huono-osaisuus Suomen kaupunkiseutukunnissa: alue-erot ja sosiaalisen ympäristön vaikutukset 1990-luvulla. Helsingin yliopiston sosiologian laitoksen tutkimuksia nro 246. Helsingin yliopiston sosiologian laitos, Helsinki. (Akateeminen väitöskirja.) [Social exclusion in Finnish urban regions: area differences and effects of the social environment in the 1990’s. Research reports of the Department of Sociology, 246. Department of Sociology, University of Helsinki. (Academic dissertation with English abstract.)]

Ferrie J.E., Martikainen P., Shipley M.J., Marmot M.G.: Self-reported economic difficulties and coronary events in men: evidence from the Whitehall II study. International Journal of Epidemiology 2005;34(3):640-648.

Karisto A., Martikainen P., Mäki N., Rahkonen O.: Suuren muutoksen pyörteissä: liikkuvuus ja liikkumattomuus. Teoksessa: Karisto A. (toim.): Suuret ikäluokat. Vastapaino, Tampere, s. 92-114.

Lahelma E., Winter T., Martikainen P., Rahkonen O.: Työn ja perheen väliset ristiriidat ja niiden taustatekijät naisilla ja miehillä. Työ ja ihminen 1/2005.

Kauppinen T.M.: Asuinalueen, perheen ja koulun vaikutus nuorten koulutusuriin [Effects of neighbourhood, family and school on the educational careers of young people]. Lectio. Nuorisotutkimus 23:1, 56-60.

Kauppinen, T.M.: Application of multi-level analysis in a study of neighbourhood effects on young people’s educational careers. In: Helve H. (Ed.): Mixed Methods in Youth Research, pp. 82-101. Publications 60. Finnish Youth Research Network.

Laaksonen M., Rahkonen O., Martikainen P., Lahelma E.: Multiple dimensions of socioeconomic position and self-rated health. The contribution of childhood socioeconomic circumstances, adult socioeconomic status and material resources. American Journal of Public Health 2005;95:1403-1409.

Laaksonen M., Roos E., Rahkonen O., Martikainen P., Lahelma E.: Influence of material and behavioural factors on occupational class differences in health. Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health 2005;59(2):163-169.

Lahelma E., Martikainen P., Rahkonen O., Roos E., Saastamoinen P.: Occupational class inequalities across key domains of health. Results from the Helsinki Health Study. European Journal of Public Health 2005;15(5):504-510.

Lahelma E., Winter T., Martikainen P., Rahkonen O.: Työn ja perheen väliset ristiriidat ja niiden taustatekijät naisilla ja miehillä. Työ ja ihminen 2005; 19: 34-48.

Lallukka T., Laaksonen M., Martikainen P., Sarlio-Lähteenkorva S., Lahelma E.: Psychosocial working conditions and weight gain among employees. J Obes Relat Metab Disord 2005; 114:364-371

Mannila S., Martikainen P.: Työttömyys (Unemployment). In: Aromaa A, Huttunen J, Koskinen S, Teperi J, eds. Suomalaisten terveys (Health in Finland). Helsinki: Kustannus Oy Duodecim 2005.

Martikainen P., Martelin T., Nihtilä E., Majamaa K. & Koskinen S.: Differences in mortality by marital status in Finland from 1976 to 2000: Analyses of changes in marital-status distributions, socio-demographic and household composition, and cause of death. Population Studies 2005;59(1):99-115.

Martikainen P., Martikainen T., Wass H.: The effect of socioeconomic factors on voter turnout in Finland: A register-based study of 2.9 million voters. European Journal of Political Research, 2005;44(5):645-669.

Martikainen P., Sipilä P.: Immediate communities and individual sociodemographic disadvantage – a study of the effects of area and individual characteristics on health and cause-specific mortality. In: GEMS of the Health Promotion Research Programme pp. 44–53. Juvenes Print, Tampere, 2005.

Mäkelä P., Martikainen P., Nihtilä E. Temporal variation in deaths related to alcohol intoxication and in drinking. International Journal of Epidemiology 2005;34:765-771.

Shemeikka R., Alkio P.: Aids-tilanne Saharan eteläpuolisessa Afrikassa. Väestöviesti 1/2005, 7.

Shemeikka R., Notkola V.: Fertility reduction caused by HIV/AIDS and its demographic impact in northern Namibia. In Aaltonen U., Mannila S. (Eds.): What are we doing there? Experiences and lessons learned from development cooperation in health care and social welfare (1990-2005), 207-226. Saarijärvi: STAKES (National Research and Development Centre for Welfare and Health).

Shemeikka R., Notkola V. & Siiskonen H.: Fertility Decline in North-Central Namibia: An Assessment of Fertility in the Period 1960-2000 Based on Parish Registers. Demographic Research, Volume 13, Article 4,p.83-116.

Sipilä P., Martikainen P.: Fyysisen ja psyykkisen terveyden väliset alue-erot ja niiden taustat pääkaupunkiseudulla. Sosiaalilääketieteellinen aikakauslehti 2005;42(3):202–218.

Valkonen, T., Kauppinen T.M.: Märkä ja nuorena nukkuva sukupolvi. Teoksessa: Karisto A. (toim.): Suuret ikäluokat. Vastapaino, Tampere, s. 334-346.

Van Lenthe F.J., Borrell L.N., Costa, G., Diez Roux A.V., Kauppinen T.M., Marinacci C., Martikainen P., Regidor E., Stafford M., Valkonen T.: Neighbourhood unemployment and all-cause mortality: a comparison of six countries. Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health 59:3, 231-237.

Avenado M., Kunst A.E., van Kenthe F., Bos V., Costa G., Valkonen T., Cardano M., Harding S., Borgan J.K., Glickaman M, Reid A., Mackenbach J.P.: Trends in socioeconomic disparities in stroke mortality in six European countries between 1981-1985 and 1991-1995. American Journal of Epidemiology 2005;161:52-61.

Huisman M., Kunst A.E., Bopp M., Borgan J-K., Borrel C., Costa G., Deboosere P., Gadeyne S., Glickman M., Marinacci C., Minder C., Regidor E., Valkonen T., Mackenbach J.P. : Educational inequalities in cause-specific mortality in middle-aged and older men in eight western European populations. Lancet 2005;365:493-500.

Borrell C., Plasencia A., Huisman M., Costa G., Kunst A.E., Andersen O., Bopp M., Borgan J.-K., Deboosere P., Gickman M., Gadeyne S., Minder C., Regidor E., Spadea T., Valkonen T., Mackenbach J.P.: Education level inequalities and transportation injury mortality in the middle aged and elderly in European settings. 2005;11:138-142.

Avendaño M., Kunst A.E., Huisman M., van Lenthe F., Bopp M., Borrell C., Valkonen T., Regidor E., Costa G., Donkin A., Borgan J.-K., Deboosere P., Gadeyne S., Spadea T., Andersen O., Mackenbach J.P.: Educational Level and Stroke Mortality. A Comparison of 10 European Populations During the 1990s. Stroke 2004;35(2):432-437.

Bartley M., Martikainen P., Shipley M., Marmot M.: Gender differences in the relationship of partner’s social class to behavioural risk factors and social support in the Whitehall II study. Social Science & Medicine 2004;59(9):1925-1936.

Blomgren J., Martikainen P., Mäkelä P., Valkonen T.: The effects of regional characteristics on alcohol-related mortality – a register-based multilevel analysis of 1.1 million men. Social Science & Medicine 2004;58(12):2523-2535.

Chandola, T., Martikainen P., Bartley M., Lahelma E., Marmot M., Michikazu S., Nasermoaddeli A., Kagamimori S.: Does conflict between home and work explain the effect of multiple roles on mental health?: a comparative study of Finland, Japan, and the UK. International Journal of Epidemiology 2004;33(4):884-893.

Dykes J., Brunner E., Martikainen P., Wardle J.: The socioeconomic gradient in body size and obesity among women: the role of dietary restraint, disinhibition and hunger in the Whitehall II study. International Journal of Obesity 2004;28(2):262-268.

Huisman M., Kunst A. E., Andersen O., Bopp M., Borgan J.-K., Borrell C., Costa G., Deboosere P., Desplanques G., Donkin A., Gadeyne S., Minder C., Regidor E., Spadea T., Valkonen T., Mackenbach J.P.: Socioeconomic inequalities in mortality among elderly people in 11 European populations. Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health 2004;58(6):468-475.

Kauppinen, T.M.: Asuinalueen ja perhetaustan vaikutukset helsinkiläisnuorten keskiasteen tutkintojen suorittamiseen [Neighbourhood and family background effects on the secondary education of young people in Helsinki]. Tutkimuksia 2004:6. Helsingin kaupungin tietokeskus.

Kunst A.E., Bos V., Andersen O., Cardano M., Costa G., Harding S., Hemström Ö, Layte R., Regidor E., Reid A., Santana P., Valkonen T., Mackenbach J.P.: Monitoring of trends in socioeconomic inequalities in mortality: experiences from a European project. Demographic Research 2004; Special Collection 2, Article 9.

Lahelma E., Martikainen P., Laaksonen M., Aittomäki A.: Pathways between socioeconomic determinants of health. Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health 2004;58(4):327-332.

Lahelma E., Martikainen P., Rahkonen O., Roos E., Saastamoinen P.: Henkilöstön terveydentilan vaihtelu ammattiaseman mukaan: Helsinki Health Studyn tuloksia. Sosiaalilääketieteellinen aikakauslehti 2004;41(2):95-107.

Mackenbach J.P., Huisman M., Andersen O., Bopp M., Borgan J.-K., Borrell C., Costa G., Deboosere P., Donkin A., Gadeyne S., Minder C., Regidor E., Spadea T., Valkonen T., Kunst A.E.: Inequalities in lung cancer mortality by the educational level in 10 European populations. European Journal of Cancer 2004;40:126-135.

Mackenbach J., Martikainen P., Looman C.W.N., Dalstra J.A.A., Kunst A.E., Lahelma E. and members of the SEdHA working group; The shape of the relationship between income and self-assessed health; an international study. International Journal of Epidemiology 2005;34(2):286-293.

Martelin T., Mäkelä P., Valkonen T.: Contribution of deaths related to alcohol or smoking to the gender difference in life expectancy. European Journal of Public Health 2004;14(4):422-427.

Martikainen P., Lahelma E., Marmot M., Sekine M., Nishi N., Kagamimori S.: A comparison of socioeconomic differences in physical functioning and perceived health among male and female employees in Britain, Finland and Japan. Social Science & Medicine 2004;59:1287-1295.

Martikainen P., Mäki N. & Blomgren J.: The Effects of Area and Individual Social Characteristics on Suicide Risk: A Multilevel Study of Relative Contribution and Effect Modification. European Journal of Population 2004;20(4):323-350.

Martikainen P., Mäki N., Karisto A., Rahkonen O.: Pääkaupunkiseudun suuriin ikäluokkiin kuuluvien ylempien toimihenkilöiden sosiaalinen ja maantieteellinen tausta. (Social and geographic origins of babyboomers in upper white-collar occupations in the Helsinki area.) Yhteiskuntapolitiikka 2004;69(1):31-38.

McMichael A. J., McKee M., Shkolnikov V., Valkonen T.: Mortality trends and setbacks: global convergence or divergence? Lancet 2004;363:1155-1159.

Morikawa Y., Martikainen P., Head J., Marmot M., Ishizaki M., Nakagawa H.: A comparison of socio-economic differences in long-term sickness absence in a Japanese cohort and a British cohort of employed men. European Journal of Public Health 2004;14(4):413-416.

Nihtilä E., Martikainen P.: Ikäihmisten yksinasuminen Suomessa vuosina 1970-2000. (Trends in living alone among the elderly in Finland in 1970-2000.) Yhteiskuntapolitiikka 2004;69(2):135-146.

Pensola T., Martikainen P.: Life course experiences and mortality by adult social class among young men. Social Science & Medicine 2004;58(11):2149-2170.

Rahkonen O., Arber S., Lahelma E., Martikainen P., Silventoinen K.: Understanding income equalities in health among men and women in Britain and Finland. In: Krieger N. (ed.): Embodying Inequality: Epidemiologic Perspectives. Baywood Publishing Company, Inc., Amityville, New York 2004, pp. 335-354.

Shemeikka R., Alkio P. HIV/aidsin ehkäiseminen Afrikan suurimpia haasteita. (HIV/AIDS prevention is one of the major challenges of Africa. In Finnish). Väestöviesti 3/2004, 6-8.

Shemeikka R., Alkio P. Aids Afrikassa: Tietopaketti HIV/aids-tilanteesta. (AIDS in Africa. In Finnish). Väestötietosarja 12. Väestöliitto, Helsinki.

Shemeikka R.: Yhä useampi afrikkalainen lapsi jää orvoksi. (Orphanhood is increasing in Africa. In Finnish.) Väestöviesti 1/2004, 1-4.

Shkolnikov V., Deev A. D., Kravdal Ø, Valkonen T.: Educational differentials in male mortality in Russia and northern Europe. A comparison of an epidemiological cohort from Moscow and St. Petersburg with the male populations of Helsinki and Oslo. Demographic Research Vol 10, Article 1.

Stafford M., Martikainen P., Lahelma E., Marmot M.: Neighbourhoods and self-rated health: a comparison on London and Helsinki. Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health 2004;58(9):772-778.

Tomassini C., Kalagirou S., Grundy E., Fokkema T., Martikainen P., van Gronou M.B., Karisto A.: Contacts between elderly parents and their children in four European countries: current patterns and future prospects. European Journal of Ageing 2004;1(1):54-63.

Turtiainen, P., Kauppinen T.M.: Helsinkiläisnuorten käsityksiä hyvinvoinnista ja syrjäytymisestä – alueellisuuden näkökulmasta [How the young in Helsinki see wellbeing and exclusion – from the perspective of regionality]. In Paju, P. (ed.): Samaan aikaan toisaalla… Nuoret, alueellisuus ja hyvinvointi, 117 – 131. Nuorten elinolot -vuosikirja IV. Nuorisotutkimusverkosto/Nuorisotutkimusseura, julkaisuja 47.

Valkonen, T.: Elinajanodotteen kehitys, väestön vanheneminen ja tulevaisuuden terveysongelmat maailmassa ja meillä. Duodecim 2004;120(18):2173-2179.

Valkonen T., Martikainen P., Blomgren J.: Increasing excess mortality among non-married elderly people in developed countries. Demographic Research 2004; Special collection 2, Article 12.

Jalovaara M.: The joint effects of marriage partners’ socio-economic positions on divorce risk. Demography 2003;40:67-81.

Kauppinen T.: Kommenttipuheenvuoro Vaattovaaran ja Lönnqvistin keskustelualoitteeseen. (Commentary on the discussion paper of Vaattovaara and Lönnqvist.) Yhdyskuntasuunnittelu 2003;1:64-65.

Lahelma E., Manderbacka K., Martikainen P., Rahkonen O.: Miesten ja naisten väliset sairastavuus- ja kuolleisuuserot. In Luoto R., Viisainen K., Kulmala I. (eds.): Sukupuoli ja terveys. Vastapaino: Tampere, 2003.

Mackenbach J. P., Bos V., Andersen O., Cardano M., Costa G., Harding S., Reid A., Hemström Ö., Valkonen T., Kunst A. E.: Widening socioeconomic inequalities in mortality in six Western European countries. International Journal of Epidemiology 2003;32:830-837.

Manderbacka K., Kåreholt I., Martikainen P., Lundberg O.: The effect of point of reference on the association between self-rated health and mortality. Social Science & Medicine 2003;56:1447-1452.

Martikainen P., Adda J., Ferrie J. E., Smith G. Davey, Marmot M.: Effects of income and wealth on GHQ depression and poor self-rated health in white-collar women and men in the Whitehall II Study. Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health 2003;57(9):718-723.

Martikainen P., Brunner E., Marmot M.: Socioeconomic differences in dietary patterns among middle-aged men and women. Social Science & Medicine 2003;56:1397-1410.

Martikainen P., Kauppinen T. M., Valkonen T.: Effects of the characteristics of neighbourhoods and the characteristics of people on cause specific mortality: a register based follow up study of 252 000 men. Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health 2003;57(3):210-217.

Mein G., Martikainen P., Hemingway H., Stansfeld S. A., Marmot M.: Is retirement good or bad for mental and physical health functioning?: Whitehall II longitudinal study of civil servants. Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health 2002;57:46-49.

Pensola T.: From past to present: effect of lifecourse on mortality, and social class differences in mortality in middle adulthood. Yearbook of Population Research in Finland 2003;39: supplement. Helsinki: The Population Research Institute in Collaboration with the Finnish Demographic Society.

Pensola T., Martikainen P.: Cumulative social class and mortality from various causes of adult men. Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health 2003;57:745-751.

Pensola T., Martikainen P.: Effect of living conditions in the parental home and youth paths on the social class differences in mortality among women. Scandinavian Journal of Public Health 2003;31(6):428-438.

Pitkänen K. J.: Contraception in late nineteenth- and early twentieth-century Finland. Journal of Interdisciplinary History 2003;XXXIV(2):141-154.

Rahkonen O., Mäki N., Martikainen P.: Alkoholin ongelmakäyttö ja sen yhteys mielenterveysoireiluun Helsingin kaupungin työntekijöiden keskuudessa. Sosiaalilääketieteellinen aikakauslehti 2003;40(1):10-20.

Valkonen T.: Mortality differentials, socioeconomic. In Demeny P. and McNicoll G. (eds.): Encyclopedia of Population, Volume 2. New York: Macmillan Reference USA, 2003, 665-668.

Valkonen T.: Väinö Kannisto: career and scholarly work. Yearbook of Population Research in Finland 2003;39:5-9.

Valkonen T., Ahonen H., Martikainen P.: Sosiaaliryhmien väliset erot elinajanodotteessa kasvoivat 1990-luvun loppuvuosina. (Increasing socioeconomic differences in life expectancy in the late 1990s.) Hyvinvointikatsaus 2/2003:12-18.

Bobak M., Murphy M., Pikhart H., Martikainen P., Rose R., Marmot M.: Mortality patterns in the Russian Federation: indirect technique using widowhood data. Bulletin of the World Health Organization 2002;80:876-881.

Jalovaara M.: Socioeconomic differentials in divorce risk by duration of marriage. Demographic Research Vol 7, Article 16.

Kauppinen, Timo M.: The beginning of immigrant settlement in the Helsinki metropolitan area and the role of social housing. Journal of Housing and the Built Environment 2002;17(2):173-197.

Martikainen P., Aromaa A., Lahelma E., Heliövaara M., Klaukka T. Knekt P., Maatela J., Reunanen A.: Perceived Health and Cause-Specific Mortality among Finnish Men and Women Aged 30 And Over. Yearbook of Population Research in Finland 2002.

Martikainen P., Bartley M., Lahelma E.: Psychosocial determinants of health. International journal of epidemiology 2002;31:1091-1093.

Martikainen P., Martikainen T., Wass H.: Äänestysaktiivisuuden sosioekonominen perusta. In Martikainen T., Wass H. (ed.): Äänettömät yhtiömiehet. Vaalit 2002:1. Tilastokeskus: Helsinki.

Martikainen P., Martikainen T., Wass H.: Äänestysaktiivisuutta murtavat ja vakauttavat tekijät. Työttömyyden kokeminen. In Martikainen T., Wass H. (ed.): Äänettömät yhtiömiehet. Vaalit 2002:1. Tilastokeskus: Helsinki.

Pensola, T.H. & Valkonen, T.:Effect of parental social class, own education and social class on mortality among young men. European Journal of public health 2002;12(1):29-36.

Pitkänen K. J.: Early mortality decline in Norway in comparative perspective. In Hubbard W. H., Pitkänen K., Schlumbohm J., Sogner S., Thorvaldsen G. & van Poppel F. (eds.): Historical Studies in Mortality Decline. Novus forlag: Oslo, 2002.

Pitkänen K. J.: Famine mortality in nineteenth-century Finland: Is there a sex bias? In Dyson T. & Gráda C. Ó. (eds.): Famine Demography. Perspectives from the past and present. Oxford University Press: Oxford, 2002.

Rahkonen O., Lahelma E., Martikainen P., Silventoinen K.: Determinants of health inequalities by income from the 1980s to the 1990s. Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health 2002;56:442-443.

Valkonen T.: Les inégalités sociales devant la mort. In Caselli G., Vallin J., Wunsch G.: Démographie: analyse et synthèse III. Les déterminants de la mortalité. Éditions de l’institut national d’études démographiques 2002.