Kinases and Phosphatases

At any given time in any given cell, multiple types of molecular networks are concurrently active. An important feature of these networks is the multiple reversible reactions of protein phosphorylation (catalyzed by protein kinases) and dephosphorylation (catalyzed by protein phosphatases). Protein kinases mediate most of the signal transduction events in cells by phosphorylation of specific substrates - modifying their activity, cellular location, and/or association with other proteins. Protein phosphatases act in opposition to protein kinases thus making themselves also integral to many signal transduction pathways. Protein phosphorylation plays a crucial role in biological functions and controls nearly every cellular process. Therefore, it is easy to understand why changes in the activity of these two important protein groups lead to severe developmental disorders and to diseases like cancer.

References:

Application of active and kinase-deficient kinome collection for identification of kinases regulating hedgehog signalling.
Cell. 2008 May 2;133(3):537-48. DOI

The protein interaction landscape of the human CMGC kinase group
Cell Rep. 2013 Apr 25;3(4):1306-20. DOI

Interlaboratory reproducibility of large-scale human protein-complex analysis by standardized AP-MS.
Nat Methods. 2013 Apr;10(4):307-14. DOI

Kinase Interaction Network Expands Functional and Disease Roles of Human Kinases
Mol Cell. 2020 Aug 6;79(3):504-520.e9 DOI

PTPRA Phosphatase Regulates GDNF-Dependent RET Signaling and Inhibits the RET Mutant MEN2A Oncogenic Potential.
iScience. 2020 Feb 21;23(2):100871. DOI

Systematic Analysis of Human Protein Phosphatase Interactions and Dynamics
Cell Syst. 2017 Apr 26;4(4):430-444.e5. DOI
 

Varjosalo Lab. Kinases and Phosphatases. Illustration.