Current members of the Global History of Free Ports Research Project.
Marcella Aglietti is Full Professor in History of Political Institutions at the Department of Political Sciences of the University of Pisa since 2006. Her major interests are in the comparative history of political institutions, with a special focus on ruling class, government practices and cultural debate about representative activities, especially in Spain and Italy during XVIII and XIX centuries. Her most recent publications include: L’istituto consolare tra Sette e Ottocento (Pisa, 2012); Los cónsules de extranjeros en la Edad moderna y a principios de la Edad contemporánea (2013); La città delle nazioni. Livorno e i limiti del cosmopolitismo (1566-1834) (Pisa, 2016); Cittadinanze nella storia dello Stato contemporaneo (Milano, 2017).
Antonella Alimento is an Associate Professor in Modern History at the University of Pisa, Italy. Her main research interests are European eighteenth-century political and economic history, with a special focus on France. She has published articles on the diffusion and translation of ideas about free ports between Britain and Livorno and on the perspective of Carlo Ginori on the economic development of Tuscany in relation to Livorno. She is also interested in the usage of Caribbean free ports by France and Britain in the eighteenth century.
Daniele Andreozzi is Associate Professor of Economic History at the University of Trieste. His recent research interests focus on growth and crisis in the economic systems as well as relationship between trade mechanisms, social practices, norms, identities, institutions and economic system. He has published on the history of Trieste and his port and the sea routes and the inland routes that linked the Adriatic to the Mediterranean sea, the Levant and the Continental Europe.
Guillaume Calafat is an associate professor (maître de conferences) in early modern history in Pantheon-Sorbonne University (Paris 1). He is currently finishing a revised version of his PhD thesis, A Sea of Jealousy: Maritime Jurisdictions, Free Ports, and the Regulation of Commerce in the Early Modern Mediterranean (1590-1740), in which he shows the links between the affirmation of maritime sovereignties and the institution of free ports in the Early modern period. He is interested in maritime and commercial litigation focusing also on slavery, corsairing and piracy in the Early Modern Mediterranean, with a special focus on economic and social interactions between Southern Europe (Italy, France, Spain) and Ottoman North Africa (Algiers, Tunis and Tripoli).
Associate Professor of Early-Modern History, Department of Humanities, University of Bari. Her interest in free ports stems from her main research interest in Mediterranean ‘marginal’ merchants communities in the XVIIIth century. Free ports are a context in which groups of foreigners may find institutional and commercial resources that allow ‘week’ entrepreneurs to compete successfully in a complex market. From this point of view, she is particularly interested in the free port of Marseilles.
Assistant Professor at the Department of History, University of California, Santa Barbara, Manuel Covo works on the transition of European colonialism in the long eighteenth century. Specialising in French imperialism, his work focuses on the impact of the Haitian Revolution on France and the United States, notably through the French “ports d’entrepôt” in the Caribbean.
Lucia Frattarelli Fisher has published numerous works on the history of the port and city of Livorno. Her current main project is the preparation of a monograph provisionally entitled Livorno, un porto mediterraneo al centro della prima globalizzazione (1566-1850), which traces the growth of Livorno since 1575 through the role of merchants involved in long-distance trade and the mechanisms that turned the city into a hub connecting the Mediterranean to the global economies of Europe’s colonial powers.
Mallory Hope is a PhD student studying early-modern France with a particular interest in economic and social history. She received her BA in History and Economics and in French from Vanderbilt University. Currently she is working on a project on Atlantic trade in the second half of the eighteenth century and French experiments with free ports in the Caribbean. The research project seeks to understand the political discourse surrounding free ports and why France made the decision to open some legal avenues for French colonists to trade with foreign merchants in the later eighteenth century.
Antonio Iodice is currently enrolled in a PhD Program in "Historical, Archeological and Historical-Artistic Sciences" at the University of Naples, "Federico II", under the guidance of Professor Anna Maria Rao and co-tutored by Brigitte Marin from the University of Aix-Marseille. He is writing a thesis about the spread of free ports in XVIII century Europe focusing in particular on Marseille and Genoa. He published an article entitled L’istituzione del porto franco in un Mediterraneo senza frontiere on “Politics. Rivista di studi politici”.
Luigi Nuzzo is professor of legal history at the University of Salento (Lecce). Permanent Fellow of the Alexander von Humboldt Foundation, he has been research fellow at the Max Planck Institute for European Legal History, Frankfurt/Main; Senior Robbins Research Fellow at the University of California at Berkeley; Hauser Global Research Fellow at the New York University and Fernand Braudel Fellow at the European University Institute, Florence. He published in Italian as well as in English, German and Spanish, about the history of international law, the colonial law and the German and Italian legal culture. He is working on a global legal history of Tianjin between the XIXth and XXth century.
Sophus Reinert is an Associate Professor of business administration at Harvard Business School. He studies the history of capitalism and political economy since the Renaissance, focusing particularly on the historical role played by governments in both economic development and decline. He is the author of Translating Empire: Emulation and the Origins of Political Economy, published by Harvard University Press in 2011 and edited A “Short Treatise” on the Wealth and Poverty of Nations (1613), by Antonio Serra (London and New Delhi: Anthem).
Full Professor of Early-Modern History, Department of Humanities, University of Bari. Questions about free ports have been an important part of his work on the institutional environment of Mediterranean trade in the ‘age of commerce’. He is interested particularly in the free ports of Marseille, Messina and Trieste in the XVIIIth century. He is currently directing the Italian national research council (PRIN) project entitled "Alla ricerca del "negoziante patriota". Mercantilismi, moralità economiche e mercanti dell'Europa mediterranea (secoli XVII-XIX)"
Mark Somos is Alexander von Humboldt Foundation Fellow at the Max Planck Institute for Comparative Public Law and International Law, Heidelberg, Senior Visiting Research Fellow at Sussex Law School, and Co-Editor-in-Chief of Grotiana. He holds PhD in Political Science from Harvard and a PhD in Law from Leiden. Mark is the author of Secularisation and the Leiden Circle (Brill, 2011) and over 20 peer-reviewed papers, including a chapter on James Harrington’s plan for England’s European empire with the United Provinces as its free port, in eds. Kapossy, Nakhimovsky and Whatmore, Commerce, War and Peace in the Long Eighteenth Century: Essays in Honour of István Hont (CUP). He is interested in ports designed as instruments of commercial and military expansion based on economic or informational asymmetries caused by their geography.
Koen Stapelbroek (PhD Cambridge, 2004) is an Academy of Finland Research Fellow at the University of Helsinki, Associate Professor of the History of Political Theory at Erasmus University Rotterdam and co-Director of the Helsinki Centre for Intellectual History. He published Love, Self-Deceit and Money: Commerce and Morality in the Early Neapolitan Enlightenment (Toronto, 2008) and many articles and edited volumes on European eighteenth-century political thought. For his Academy research project on institutions of trade as instruments of economic integration he studies the history of free ports across and beyond Europe.
Corey Tazzara is Assistant Professor of History at Scripps College. He received his PhD from Stanford University in 2011. His forthcoming book, The Free Port of Livorno and the Transformation of the Mediterranean World, will be published by Oxford University Press in 2017. He remains interested in the diffusion and transformation of the free port model and is involved with Koen Stapelbroek in an ongoing project on the global history of the free port.
Full Professor of Early Modern History, Ca’ Foscari University of Venice, Department of Linguistics and Comparative Cultural Studies. His scholarly interests cover European and International history from the 17th to the early 19th century, and the impact of Enlightenment’s legacy in the Mediterranean area, in Europe and in the Americas. He is now working on the international state system by Emer de Vattel (1758) and on a comparative study of the European reception and practical use of Vattel’s conceptualizations of the constitutional state, of the so-called small states and of the politics of neutrality. He is interested particularly in the free ports of Adriatic and Mediterranean area (Venice, Trieste, Fiume/Rijeka)
For over a decade, Francesca Trivellato has worked on the port-city of Livorno and its merchant communities in the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries. The results of that research appeared in her The Familiarity of Strangers: The Sephardic Diaspora, Livorno, and Cross-Cultural Trade in the Early Modern Period (Yale University Press, 2009), now also available in French and Italian. The book examines how the nexus of low custom duties, religious toleration, and military neutrality that characterized the free-port of Livorno affected its Jewish merchants and their credit networks with non-Jews.
Stefano Villani is Associate Professor in Early Modern European History at the University of Maryland, College Park (associate professor at the University of Pisa until 2010). He has worked on the Quaker missions in the Mediterranean and published numerous articles and books in this area: Tremolanti e papisti (1996); Il calzolaio quacchero e il finto cadì (2001); A True Account of the Great Tryals and Cruel Sufferings Undergone by Those Two Faithful Servants of God, Katherine Evans and Sarah Cheevers (2003). More recently he has worked on the cultural history of the English mercantile community of Livorno.
Richard Whatmore is professor of modern history at the University of St Andrews and director of the St Andrews Institute of Intellectual History. He is the author of Republicanism and the French Revolution (Oxford, 2000), Against War and Empire (Yale, 2012) and a number of edited books and journal articles concerned with eighteenth and early nineteenth century political thought and political economy. With regard to free ports, Whatmore is interested in the debate about turning Britain and France into states with free ports that briefly came to prominence at the end of the American Revolution, in part because of the close links between political economists across Europe and America who were associated with William Petty, 2nd Earl Shelburne.
Victor Wilson is a postdoc-researcher at Åbo Akademi University in Turku, Finland. His thesis, Commerce in Disguise: War and Trade in the Caribbean Free Port of Gustavia, 1793–1815, was successfully defended in January 2016 and has since then been recognized as a significant contribution to Swedish colonial history as well as Atlantic history, as it traces the continuity of free trade in the Caribbean under Swedish colors during the turbulence of the French Revolutionary and Napoleonic Wars. His current research interests are the economic aspects of free trade in the early modern colonies of the Americas, but is also pursuing various project ideas relating to digital humanities.