History: HGSN → FGSN → B&M

The first Finnish doctoral program in neuroscience was founded by Academy Professor Kai Kaila (University of Helsinki) together with Academician Riitta Hari (Aalto University/Helsinki University of Technology) in 1995. This Helsinki Graduate School of Neurobiology was expanded to a nationwide level as the Finnish Graduate School of Neuroscience (FGSN) in 1998.

FGSN was a joint program of  the University of Helsinki, Aalto University, Universities of Eastern Finland, Oulu, Turku, and Åbo Akademi. Research groups in these universities worked in collaboration to develop postgraduate education at a national level in neuroscience. FGSN was funded by the Ministry of Education and Culture, the Academy of Finland and the respective universities.

The Doctoral Program Brain & Mind (B&M) started in January 2012. The FGSN ontinued operating alongside the B&M during 2012-13. 

B&M collaboration between the Aalto University and the University of Helsinki

Starting from 2014, B&M has been one of the doctoral programs of the Doctoral School in Health Sciences (DSHealth) of the University of Helsinki.

In Aalto University, B&M is a network program hosted by the Department of Neuroscience and Biomedical Engineering (NBE)

The multidisciplinary network of leading neuroscience research groups of the Universities of Helsinki and Aalto continues to maintain and develop further the high standards of doctoral training within the scientific fields of Brain&Mind. In addition, B&M has an agreeement with the MSc Programme in Neuroscience (UH) and MSc Programme in Life Science Technologies (Human Neuroscience and -Technology, AU) for a collaborative study right.

International and national collaboration in neuroscience

B&M is a member of the Network of European Neuroscience Schools (NENS, hosted by the Federation of European Neuroscience Societies, FENS) which provides opportunities for B&M doctoral candidates to e.g. apply for NENS exchange grants and for stipends to participate in FENS and IBRO-PERC supported courses.  

Through the Doctoral School in Health Sciences (DSHealth), we are part of "NorDoc - Nordic Doctoral Training in Health Sciences".

In Finland, B&M works in collaboration with the Brain Research Society of Finland (BRSF), Suomen Aivosäätiö (Finnish Brain Foundation) and Suomen Aivot (Finnish Brain Council) to organize joint national events in neuroscience and brain awareness events for general public.

Each doctoral candidate has a thesis advisory committee that evaluates the candidate's progress and offers the candidate support throughout his/her doctoral studies. The first meeting is arranged within 6-12 months after being accepted to B&M, after which the subsequent meetings must take place annually. Reports of the meetings are submitted to B&M in a timely manner.

Information and instructions for Thesis Committees

The B&M Student Council (SC) has representatives from different Universities/Campuses. Student Council organizes the annual Student Symposium and mediates feedback from students to the Management Board.

B&M Student Council 2020

  • Angelina Lesnikova, Helsinki, chair
  • Cecilia Cannarozzo, Helsinki
  • Adrien Gigliotta, Helsinki
  • Marko Havu, Aalto
  • Rafael Moliner, Helsinki
  • Victoria Oberländer, Aalto
  • Anais Virenque, Helsinki

B&M Student Council 2019

  • Kuu Ikäheimo, Helsinki, chair
  • Mikaela Laine, Helsinki
  • Timo Nurmi, Aalto
  • Marta Saez Garcia, Helsinki
  • Sarah Steffens, Helsinki

B&M Student Council 2018

  • Pushpa Khanal, Helsinki, chair
  • Giuliano Didio, Helsinki
  • Dovile Kurmanaviciute, Aalto
  • Arun Mahato, Helsinki
  • Ceren Pajanoja, Helsinki 
  • Tuomas Puoliväli, Helsinki
  • Ivan Zubarev, Aalto

B&M Student Council 2017

  • Sanna Koskela, chair
  • Merve Senem Fred
  • Hamed Haque
  • Sebnem Kesaf
  • Samuel Kohtala
  • Elina Nagaeva
  • Santeri Rouhinen

B&M Symposia

  • Aalto, September 24-25, 2019
  • Helsinki, September 20-21, 2018 (PROGRAM 2018)
  • Helsinki, September 21-22, 2017 (PROGRAM 2017)
  • Helsinki, September 15-16, 2016  (PROGRAM 2016)
  • Hotel Långvik, Kirkkonummi, September 17-18, 2015 (PROGRAM 2015)
  • Hotel Aavaranta, Espoo/Kirkkonummi, September 11-12, 2014 (PROGRAM 2014)
  • Siikaranta, Espoo, September 5-6, 2013
  • Aulanko, September 3-4, 2012
  • Turku, September 8-9, 2011
  • Majvik, September 15-16, 2010
  • Helsinki, November 27, 2009
  • Helsinki, October 8, 2008
  • Helsinki, October, 2007
  • Helsinki, November 16, 2006
  • Turku, November 24, 2005

Step 1: Agreement on scientific content and expenses

Based on the course program and approval, the course organizer agrees with the doctoral programme officer on training goals and pedagogical methods to be employed.

Based on the budget of the course, the course organizer agrees with the doctoral programme on the course expenses.

  • course materials, economy-class travel expenses, and speakers’ dinners/lunches can be covered
  • refreshments (coffee, snacks etc.) are covered only in specific cases
  • If a course is accepted to the course program of the doctoral programme, rents of lecture rooms within the UH are covered by the faculty
  • fees can be paid for lecturers from outside the University of Helsinki, to University of Helsinki employees if teaching is not in the unit in which they are employed, and e.g. for technicians participating in workshop tutoring (please refer to the University of Helsinki guidelines for fees in the Flamma https://flamma.helsinki.fi/en/group/henkilostoasiat/fees
  • If the budget provided by doctoral programme is not enough to cover all course expenses, additional sponsorship must be utilized and could be requested, e.g from departments, institutes, or other partners.

Step 2: Course details


The doctoral programme officer books the necessary facilities for the duration of the course and registers the course in OPTIME and OODI. The room rents are excluded from the course budget if teaching is done in the University of Helsinki facilities. Please, do not make your own lecture room bookings for the courses!


The course organizer prepares the program. The doctoral programme will advertise the course to doctoral candidates in the doctoral programme(s) and the Doctoral School in Health Sciences (DSHealth). The course organizers are also encouraged to use their own targeted channels for further advertisement.


The course organizer invites and instructs speakers and lecturers. For travel arrangements, please contact CWT (university.fi@contactcwt.com; +358 (0)205 615 635) and/or dshealth-services@helsinki.fi should the doctoral program pay for the tickets directly. More information on travelling in Flamma: https://flamma.helsinki.fi/en/group/matkustaminen.

Course page and Moodle area

When the course is created in WebOodi, a course page is generated in https://courses.helsinki.fi/. On the course page you can add course materials such as course program, links etc. On the course page, you can also create a Moodle area (https://moodle.helsinki.fi/) for the course. Moodle can be used to distribute course material, organize discussions, collect students’ assignments and inform about grades.

Course registration

Doctoral candidates at the University of Helsinki are required to register to courses in WebOodi. Doctoral candidates and students from other universities as well as researchers and staff can register using a separate e-form or as agreed with the programme officer. Lecture and lab courses are aimed at the doctoral candidates of the UH. If there are seats available, other participants might be accepted.


  • The course organizer and the doctoral programme agree on the number of credits before the start of the course. Course organizers should keep in mind that 1 ECTS equals 27 hours of work.
  • The course organizer collects the participant lists daily during all course meetings. The course organizer approves credits for doctoral candidates who have fulfilled all course requirements.
  • Grading should pass/fail, and the criteria should be informed in the beginning of the course.
  • Course organizer may send the credits to be registered using  Credit registration form (excel). Please fill in all information and send it to meilahti-register@helsinki.fi and the doctoral programme can provide paper certificates for participants outside the UH
  • Please note that the course results (grades or pass/fail) should be informed to students within one month after the course. The credits should be registered within one month after that.

Step 3: Feedback and course report

General feedback forms can be found on the course page of the course in question https://courses.helsinki.fi/

A teacher is allowed to use his/her own feedback form as well.

After the course, the organizer should deliver to the doctoral programme a short course report stating the number of students who passed the course and a summary of the feedback.

Step 4: Expenses and invoices

Electronic invoicing address for the University of Helsinki:
Electronic invoicing address:                   003703134717
EDI code:                                                     003703134717
Electronic invoicing service provider:    Telia Finland Oyj
Intermediary’s code                                  003703575029

Business Identity Code: 0313471-7 (Finnish suppliers)
VAT number: FI03134717 (international suppliers)

If a supplier cannot provide an electronic invoice, the University of Helsinki is able to receive emailed purchase invoices that are in PDF or TIFF format, email address hy-laskut@helsinki.fi

If a supplier cannot provide an electronic invoice or an emailed invoice, then invoices must be sent to the service provider’s (Itella Information Ltd) address below, where they will be converted into an electronic format:

Helsingin yliopisto
PL 744
00074 CGI

Use always H921/doctoral school or programme WBS/Tienhaara and the course name as a reference.

DSHealth doctoral school and doctoral programme WBS codes:

  • 7921001 (DSHealth doctoral school)
  • 7921101 (DPBM)
  • 7921102 (KLTO)
  • 7921103 (DocPop)
  • 7921104 (FINDOS)
  • 7921105 (DPDR)
  • 7921106 (ILS)
  • 7921107 (B&M)
  • 7921108 (CVM)

Check out the new instructions for teaching: https://teaching.helsinki.fi/en