A master’s thesis in the Urban Studies & Planning programme may take one of several forms: an independent scholarly research project ; a directed thesis within a larger research project in one of the universities, or ; a professionally-oriented thesis developed in the context of a cooperating partner. In particular, students are encouraged to build upon their work in the urban challenge studios, which provide an ongoing context for collaboration and guidance. Particularly in the studios, theses may be produced and co-authored by more than one student. In all cases, the thesis must be a piece of original, creative work conceived and developed by the student. Supervision for all theses is recommended to include at least three experts from two or more of the study lines, and the subject of the thesis should be relevant across two or more study lines.