HELSUS Brown Bag Lunch

HELSUS Brown Bag Lunch pitkä

HELSUS Brown Bag Lunches are concise lunchtime events where participants bring their own lunch box and gather to a seminar with presentations over topical research themes. The 20-30 minutes talks by the presenter will be followed by an open discussion for about 30-40 minutes. The topics are related to five HELSUS research themes, or other relevant sustainability science topics. No advance registration is needed.

The programme for the autumn term 2018 is as follows. Speaker details and abstracts will be published closer to the individual events.

  • 21.9. Hanna Tuomisto: Sustainable food systems – the potential of future food production technologies
  • 5.10. Michiru Nagatsu, Ellen Eftestol-Wilhelmsson, Eva Heiskanen: Nudging individuals and companies into sustainable behaviour
  • 19.10. Tuuli Hirvilammi: Needs-based conceptualization of sustainable well-being
  • 26.10. Tahnee Prior: Women of the Arctic: Learning how to bridge policy, research, and lived experience
  • 2.11. Victor Pal: Green Dictators? How history research can contribute to the ongoing debate about the shift to sustainability in hybrid/autocratic and dictatorial regimes?
  • 30.11. Paul Wagner: Comparing Climate Change Policy Networks: A cross-national study of domestic climate politics
  • 14.12. Leena Järvi: The effect of urban planning on cities’ breathability – urban climate perspective

General information

WHERE

HELSUS Hub at Porthania (2nd floor)
Yliopistonkatu 3

WHEN

On Fridays at 11.30-12.30.

TO WHOM

HELSUS Members and others

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Sustainable food systems – the potential of future food production technologies

Food systems are facing the challenge of sustaining the production of nutritious food to the growing population under the changing environmental conditions. Novel food production technologies, such as vertical farming and cell-culturing based protein production (i.e. cellular agriculture) have gained wide interest in the past years as potential solutions for improving the sustainability of food systems. The concept of cellular agriculture covers technologies that produce agricultural products by using tissue engineering and cell cultivation processes. The applications of cellular agriculture that are currently under development include cultured meat (i.e. in vitro meat or lab-grown meat), yeast-derived milk (YDM) and eggs, animal-free gelatine, cultured plant cells and protein produced by microbes. This talk presents the environmental challenges that food systems are facing, introduces novel food production technologies and discusses their potential to improve the sustainability of food systems in the future.

Dr Hanna Tuomisto is a HELSUS Associate Professor in the field of Sustainable Food Systems, at the Department of Agricultural Sciences, University of Helsinki. Her research interests include the interaction between environmental changes and food systems, and especially how novel food technologies could contribute to the sustainability of food systems in the future. Hanna holds a master degree in agroecology from the University of Helsinki and a PhD degree from the University of Oxford. She gained postdoctoral researcher experience by working at the European Commission’s Joint Research Centre and at the London School of Hygiene & Tropical Medicine. Before the appointment to the current post, she worked as a senior researcher at the Ruralia Institute, University of Helsinki.

3 x Nudging: Nudging individuals and companies into sustainable behavior

Ellen Eftestol-Wilhelmsson: Nudging as a regulatory tool

Law and regulation is a strong tool for behavioral change, including the wanted behavioral change needed to combat climate change. Whereas an increased amount of businesses are changing their behavior behavior and include environmental and ethical issues into their day to day decisions, and even base their business idea on these values, many businesses are not doing what is needed in order to reach climate goals. I my presentation I reflect on how law and regulation could be utilized to push industry to make the right, environmental friendly decisions. I particularly focus on private law, which so far has been  considered a "neutral" tool available for the parties to fulfill their business transactions, and how environmental information should be integrated in the private law toolbox.

Ellen Eftestol-Wilhelmsson is Professor of Civil- and Commercial law at the Universities of Helsinki and Oslo and Head of the InterTran Reserach Group for Sustainable Business and Law, University of Helsinki.

 

Michiru Nagatsu: Nudging sustainable behavior: some philosophical problems and a solution

Since it’s birth in 2008 (Thaler and Sunstein), the idea of nudges as a policy instrument to steer people into more rational behavior has become popular in academia and policy circles. However, critics have pointed out difficult methodological, conceptual and ethical problems of nudge paternalism. In this talk, I will sketch a framework in which nudges are construed on a par with economic incentives, and thus are as legitimate as the latter. This framework, building on an ecological view of rationality, will solve some of the problems of nudge paternalism and help policy makers to integrate nudges with incentives, a more well-established policy tool. I will close by discussing some implications for green nudges.

Michiru Nagatsu is a HELSUS associate professor (methodologies of inter- and transdisciplinary sustainability sciences) at Practical Philosophy, Faculty of Social Sciences. Michiru is also an Academy Researcher with the project "Model-building Across Disciplinary Boundaries: Economics, Ecology, and Psychology" (2016-2021). His interests include using philosophy of emotions, philosophy of economics, and behavioral economics for better policy for pro-social behavior, as well as liveable urban design.

 

Eva Heiskanen: Nudge as a policy tool for sustainable consumption?

Behavioural economics and the concepts of ‘nudges’ and ‘better choice architectures’ have raised significant enthusiasm in policy circles. Greater behavioural insight can certainly improve existing policy making, but there are also expectations that ‘nudges’ can be used as new and powerful policy tools to promote sustainable consumption. In my talk, I critically consider the potential of nudges for sustainable consumption policy, given the scale of the challenge to decarbonize and dematerialize Western consumption. From a very practical policy-implementation perspective, I consider to what extent and how the issues of scalability, contextuality and administrative burden inherent to using nudges might be solved in order to employ nudges effectively and in proportion to the scale of the sustainability challenge.

Eva Heiskanen is Professor at the University of Helsinki Consumer Society Research Centre and a member of the Expert Panel on Sustainable Development.

Needs-based conceptualization of sustainable wellbeing

Tuuli Hirvilammi will explain in her talk why needs matter in sustainability transition and how sustainable wellbeing can be conceptualized. She will also briefly present her plans for a transdisciplinary study on sustainable need satisfiers.

Tuuli Hirvilammi is an expert in sustainable wellbeing research with background in public policy. After defending her PhD at the University of Helsinki in 2015, she has worked as postdoctoral researcher at the University of Jyväskylä. She has published on sustainable wellbeing, ecosocial policies and post-growth economy.

 

Women of the Arctic: Learning how to bridge policy, research, and lived experience

With the 2018 IPCC report now released and the #MeToo movement pushing forward, issues relating to the ‘Arctic’ and ‘gender’ continue to maintain unprecedented traction in mainstream discourse. At the same time, global conferences and summits with dedicated spaces for discussion on the Arctic — from environmental to change to resource extraction — and gender-related issues seem to be blossoming. Still, initiatives focusing specifically on the role of Arctic women — the successes they achieve and the challenges they face — remain few and far between. With the aim of changing this discourse, a group of scholars,Tahnee Prior from the University of Waterloo, Gosia Smieszek of the University of Lapland, Reetta Toivanen of HELSUS, and Outi Snellman of the University of the Arctic, brought together women from across the Arctic at the 2018 UArctic Congress, held at the University of Helsinki, on September 6th and 7th.

Our event, “Women of the Arctic: Bridging Policy, Research, and Lived Experience” sought to carve out a non-academic space for women and girls who work on or live in the Arctic to explore the roles and contributions of women to northern policy-making, research, exploration, art, activism, and daily life. During this brown bag lunch talk, I will build on existing academic efforts in Arctic studies to showcase how events like “Women of the Arctic” and “Toward an Arctic Women’s Summit”, our follow-up event at the Arctic Circle Assembly in Reykjavik, Iceland, have created spaces for women from across all Arctic states — indigenous and non-indigenous, working in the public and private sector — to discuss concrete issues relating to policy-making and leadership, polar science and exploration, access to justice, gender equality, intergenerational trauma, and gender-based violence. I will also share how we are collaborating with artists and creative communications collective, What Took You So Long, to maintain a long-term focus on issues relating to women and gender in the Arctic.

Tahnee Prior is a Ph.D. Candidate in Global Governance at the Balsillie School of International Affairs, University of Waterloo, and currently, a visiting researcher at HELSUS. She holds a Pierre Elliott Trudeau Foundation Scholarship and Vanier Canada Graduate Scholarship. Her doctoral work in global environmental governance examines the role of legal systems in maintaining or preventing our ability to adapt to rapidly changing and complex environments, like the Arctic.

Green Dictators? How history research can contribute to the ongoing debate about the shift to sustainability in hybrid/autocratic and dictatorial regimes?

Since the early 2000s, authoritarianism has risen as an increasingly powerful global
phenomenon. This shift has not only social and political implications, but environmental:
authoritarian leaders seek to recast the relationship between society and the government
in every aspect of public life, including environmental policy. When historians of
technology or the environment have investigated the environmental consequences of
authoritarian regimes, they have frequently argued that authoritarian regimes have been
unable to produce positive environmental results or adjust successfully to global
structural change, if they have shown any concern for the environment at all. Put another
way, the scholarly consensus holds that authoritarian regimes on both the left and the
right generally have demonstrated an anti-environmentalist bias, and when opposed by
environmentalist social movements, have succeeded in silencing those voices.

Viktor Pál received his PhD at the University of Tampere, Finland. His first book "Technology and the Environment in State-socialist Hungary" was published in 2017. He is the co-editor of the forthcoming edited volume "Environmentalism under Authoritarian Regimes. Myth, Propaganda, Reality".

Comparing Climate Change Policy Networks: A cross-national study of domestic climate politics

The 2015 Paris Climate Accord obliges signatories to set out how they intend to meet their own nationally determined emissions reduction targets. National policies and domestic political actors are therefore now firmly front and centre in how the global community has agreed to address climate change. Consequently, understanding domestic climate politics and the differences between countries’ policymaking processes is more important than ever.

Despite this, comparative studies that attempt to explain cross-country similarities and differences are very rare. The 20+ country comparative research project Comparing Climate Change Policy Networks (see compon.org) is providing much-needed scientific research on the critical topic of the social and political bases of domestic responses to climate change. It investigates (1) Why have some countries adopted more ambitious policies to mitigate greenhouse gas emissions than others?, and (2) What is the role of domestic interorganisational policy networks in shaping national policy pathways and choices? The project’s research questions are addressed by analyzing the policy beliefs of domestic political actors, the activities of these acrors and the relationships among them, the influence of science and those who produce scientific research, the role of collaborative institutions and policy forums, and the political opportunity structures within and across countries.

Paul Wagner is a post-doc level HELSUS fellow. His research involves the application of network methods to the study of climate politics and the policymaking process. Wagner works on the Comparing Climate Change Policy Networks project – an international comparative research project seeking to explain the variation in national responses to climate change.