The University of Helsinki offers 50 specialist training programmes in medicine. The number and titles of specialities have been defined in Finnish legislation on specialist education (Decree No 56/2015). A specialist degree in medicine/dentistry can be taken by professionals licensed by the National Supervisory Authority for Welfare and Health (Valvira). The specialist degree requires 5 or 6 years of medical practice including at least 9 months of services in public health centers, theoretical and administrative courses and passing a national written exam. 

The Faculty grants the right to pursue the degree (study right), but the training itself takes place within the health care system. The selection of physicians to the training posts at Faculty-approved training units is conducted as per the respective selection procedures of the organisations in question.The specialising physicians are responsible for finding a post for training by themselves. The practice shall be carried out on a full-time basis under the supervision of the competent authorizes and bodies.

The Finnish Medical Association has created the Erikoisalani (“My Speciality”) application which can help physicians choose the speciality suitable for them.