Students who complete a doctoral degree have comprehensive competence and general skills for knowledge work in their discipline. During their doctoral studies, students enhance their identity as independent researchers and experts. The discipline-specific competence generated during the doctoral programme includes an in-depth understanding of the nature of the relevant disciplines, command of any key theories, concepts and research methods, knowledge of the relationship between theory and practice, the practical applicability of knowledge, as well as the ability to generate new scientific knowledge. Over the course of the doctoral programme, students improve their critical thinking, argumentation and problem-solving skills. They also polish their communication, leadership and negotiation skills, self-direction, creativity and understanding of scientific ethics. Graduates from the Doctoral Programme in Theology and Religious Studies have extensive skills in scientific communication. The programme improves doctoral students’ communication skills to help them perform demanding, multidisciplinary research and serve as experts in Finland and internationally. During their doctoral studies, students build the competence required of responsible, independent researchers and experts. The programme graduates have excellent competence for independent work and multidisciplinary cooperation.