A university trainee is hired with a fixed-term employment contract for two to six months. When hiring a trainee, the employer should allocate sufficient time for the orientation of the trainee. The employer will assign a more experienced employee as supervisor for the trainee. The supervisor is responsible for providing necessary orientation on the duties, supporting the trainee in their work and the learning of new skills, and providing the trainee with constructive feedback on their performance. Since the employer is expected to spend time supervising the trainee, the trainee's salary level is usually lower than in a normal employment relationship.

A university trainee will be contracted to an employment relationship for the entire duration of the traineeship, and they must receive a salary for the traineeship period. A trainee's salary level is often lower than that of normal employees, since the host organisation is expected to spend time supervising the trainee. It is possible to follow the valid collective agreement for the industry in question to determine the trainee's salary. Is a collective agreement does not exist, trainees must be paid at the minimum a salary complying with KELA's work requirement conditions (€1,236 per month in 2020). 

If the employer is unable to pay the required trainee salary in its entirety, the student may apply for traineeship subsidy from the University to make up for the salary costs. The traineeship subsidy is €1,800 per traineeship per student, and it will be paid to the employer after the traineeship has ended. The subsidy does not cover the trainee's salary in its entirety, and the employer must contribute to the trainee's salary costs.

It is not possible to grant traineeship subsidy to all students; there are criteria (related to, for example, the current stage of the studies and the completed studies) the students have to meet in order to be eligible for the traineeship subsidy. If you require that the trainee is eligible for the traineeship subsidy, indicate this in the advert.

When hiring a trainee, the employer must pay the employer's indirect wage costs (health insurance premium, employment pension premium, unemployment insurance premium, accident and group life insurance premium) in addition to the gross salary.

The trainee follows the same working hours as other employees engaged in the same duties at the workplace. The relevant collective agreement must be followed in determining the working hours of the trainee. 

If there is no valid collective agreement, the maximum regular working hours of the trainee may be 8 hours a day and 40 hours a week. If agreed, the trainee may also work part time. We recommend, however, that part-time trainees work at least 50 % of the full working time.

The duration of the traineeship period is at minimum two months of full-time work. The average duration of the traineeship is three months. If the trainee is working part time, the duration of the traineeship will be extended so that it corresponds to two months' full-time work. For example, the minimum duration of traineeship with 50 % working time is four months.

The employer is obligated to provide insurance for the trainee against occupational accidents and diseases, as required by the Workers’ Compensation Act (459/2015).

The University of Helsinki also has numerous international students, who are looking for trainee positions in Finland. So yes, you can also hire an international student as a trainee. International students have language and cultural skills, which can be utilised, for example, when interacting with international cooperation partners.

Students from EU and EEA countries may work in Finland without restrictions. Students from outside the EU and the EEA may work full time in traineeships related to their studies and on average 25 hours a week during an academic term in work unrelated to their studies. During the university holidays, students coming from outside the EU and the EEA may work without restrictions.

We recommend that the employer provides the trainee with occupational health care services.  University students have access to the Finnish Student Health Service (FSHS) health care services, which they may use during the traineeship.

If they so wish, the employer may also provide the trainee with a meal benefit, but this is not required.  University students are eligible for a lunch at student prices also during the traineeship, if there are student restaurants aimed at higher education students in the vicinity of the traineeship host organisation.

The annual holiday entitlement for trainees is determined by the Annual Holidays Act as well as the collective agreement binding the place of employment. As a rule, holidays accumulated during the traineeship are taken as holiday time, but the employer and the trainee may agree that the accumulated holiday days are remunerated in the salary.