Ritva Reinikka, a Finnish national, is Professor of Practice at the Helsinki Graduate School of Economics, based at Aalto University School of Business. She chairs the Steering Committee of the international Service Delivery Indicators initiative as well as the Delivery Board of Research on Improving Systems of Education (RISE).

Dr. Reinikka worked at the World Bank in 1993-2013. She joined the Bank as a Country Economist in East Africa and was a Research Manager in the Development Research Group. She was Co-Director of the 2004 World Development Report Making Services Work for Poor People. During her career at the World Bank, Dr. Reinikka was also Country Director for Southern Africa; Director for Poverty Reduction, Economic Management, Private Sector and Finance in the Middle East and North Africa region; and Director for Human Development in the Africa region.

Her professional and research interests include public economics, service delivery, education, health care, and micro foundations of economic growth. She has published widely in peer reviewed journals and policy-oriented outlets. In 2014, Dr. Reinikka was awarded the annual prize of the Finnish Cultural Foundation (Suomen Kulttuurirahaston palkinto 2014).

Prior to joining the World Bank, she was a researcher at the Centre for the Study of African Economies, University of Oxford, and the Helsinki School of Economics. She has also held operational positions in UNICEF and with the Ministry for Foreign Affairs of Finland. She holds a DPhil in Economics from the University of Oxford.

Title of the talk: The Global Learning Crisis: Time to focus on quality in teaching and early learning

Eve Eisenschmidt is a professor of educational policy and management at Tallinn University. She has been active in development of teacher education policy on the national level, e.g. preparing the implementation of the induction programme for beginning teachers in Estonia, teacher’s competence framework and developing initial teacher education programmes at the university. She has worked as expert an international level, e.g evaluator of teacher education programmes in several countries. Her current research areas are the professional development of teachers, school development and leadership.

Title of the talk: How to multiply teachers: solving a shortage of teachers

Several countries worldwide face the challenge to attract new generations entering teacher profession. Although Estonia is one of the top-performing countries based on recent PISA results, teachers’ average age is quite high (49 years, OECD average is 44), 54% of teachers in Estonia are aged 50 and above. In addition to continuous improvement and fine-tuning of the existing teacher education programmes, new ways and solutions to tackle the critical teacher shortage should be found. The only way to maintain sustainability in teacher education in contexts where teacher education does not attract sufficient number of candidates, is to be innovative and look for alternative solutions that could attract candidates that otherwise don’t apply to regular teacher education. This involves also conceptualizing new groups of potential candidates. This keynote will address some possible solutions introduced in Estonia to face the challenges regarding unpopularity of teacher profession.



Olli-Pekka Heinonen is General Director at the Finnish National Agency of Education.

Mr. Heinonen has been Minister of Education and Science (1994-1999), Minister of Transport and Communication (1999-2002) and MP (1995-2002). He has also been Television Director in the Finnish Public Broadcasting Company and State Secretary in five different ministries.



Tuija Turunen

professor, University of Lapland

*to be updated soon