March 28, 14:15 in A315   

Tuukka Meriniemi (Helsinki)


Stochastic Background of Gravitational Waves from Fermions

Preheating and other particle production phenomena in the early Universe can give rise to high- energy out-of-equilibrium fermions with an anisotropic stress. We develop a formalism to calculate the spectrum of gravitational waves due to fermions, and apply it to a variety of scenarios after inflation. We pay particular attention to regularization issues. We show that fermion production sources a stochastic background of gravitational waves with a significant amplitude, but we find that typical frequencies of this new background are not within the presently accessible direct detec- tion range. However, small-coupling scenarios might still produce a signal observable by planned detectors, and thus open a new window into the physics of the very early Universe.