The OLE Publications Series of the Department of Teacher Education was created in late 1995 in order to give a forum for teachers and researchers to publish articles in English, French or German on themes and topics connected to the OLE Project (Open and Distance Learning in Teacher Education to Promote the European Dimension) coordinated by the Department of Teacher Education, University of Helsinki.
The OLE Publications series consists of articles dealing with media education, modern information and communication technologies (MICT), telematics, computer-mediated human communication (CMHC) and comparative education with a special view to the European Dimension.
At present, the series combines the interest areas of OLE and another European Union Open and Distance Learning (ODL) project called APPLAUD (A Programme for People to Learn At University-level at a Distance), also coordinated by the Department of Teacher Education of the University of Helsinki.
The present volume consists of two articles, both autonomous examples of reflective writing yet complementing each other in several ways. The two articles focus on the professional development of teachers and teacher educators in specific areas of education where the power of new technology is brought to bear, viz. computer-mediated communication (CMC) and videoconferencing.
Shiona McDonald's article adds fruitfully to the discussion of conceptual frameworks needed for wider uses of CMC in teacher education. Alastair McPhee's article looks at three distinct and different theoretical models (the disciplines model, the process model and the competences model) in order to see the potential held by the technology within each of these three domains.
The two articles also illustrate contemporary thinking in St Andrew's College, Glasgow, Scotland, providing the readers with a point of comparison with their own institutes and backgrounds. As both writers are deeply concerned with sound pedagogical applications of technology in initial teacher education, I am sure their papers will stimulate more discussion among teachers and teacher educators regarding various uses of telematic tools. At the same time, the two articles help future researchers to focus on a number of relevant points of research in the field.
It is my pleasure to thank the two writers for giving us the opportunity to publish their articles in the OLE Publications Series. I am also most grateful to Mrs Anne Vähäpassi and to Mr Kari Perenius for taking good care of the technical editing of the publication.
Helsinki, February 21, 1997
Information About the Authors
Shiona McDonald is Head of Computing and IT in St Andrew's College, Glasgow, Scotland. As well as her work in providing academic leadership in informatics in St Andrew's College, Shiona McDonald is heavily involved at national level in developing policy and practice with regard to the implementation of ICT in schools and teacher education in Scotland. She is currently a member of the governmental superhighways taskforce.
Dr Alastair McPhee is a Senior Lecturer (Secondary Coordination) at St Andrew's College, Glasgow, Scotland. He has worked as Erasmus Coordinator in the institution for the past four years. Recently published work includes articles on aims and objectives in international student teacher exchange, the achievement of students coming to teacher education through access schemes and cultural factors affecting student placements in the European context. Other main academic interests include linguistics, policy studies and the education of teachers of Music.
C o n t e n t s
Using computer-mediated communication to
support professional development in teacher
education... 1 (Summary)
Current research in videoconferencing and its
potential applications in teacher education...21 (Summary)
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