UNESCO RED BOOK ON ENDANGERED LANGUAGES: NORTHEAST ASIA

by Juha Janhunen (nearly all entries) and Tapani Salminen (two entries and general editing) <tasalmin@cc.helsinki.fi>

© Juha Janhunen and Tapani Salminen <tasalmin@cc.helsinki.fi> 1993--2000. All rights reserved. The indexes may be used for private study purposes, and for that use stored in electronic form. No part of the indexes may be printed, reproduced, or transmitted in any form without the prior consent of the authors.

Background information

General bibliography (unfinished)


Index by present state of the language

Within each group, languages appear in order of classification.

Extinct languages

  1. Southern Mansi
  2. Yurats
  3. Kamas
  4. Mator
  5. Pumpokol
  6. Kott
  7. Arin
  8. Chuvan
  9. Southern Kamchadal
  10. Eastern Kamchadal

Possibly extinct languages

  1. Western Mansi
  2. Southern Khanty
    Ongkor Solon

Nearly extinct languages

  1. Eastern Mansi
  2. Tundra Enets
  3. Forest Enets
  4. Central Selkup
  5. Southern Selkup
    Manchurian Kirgiz
  6. Chulym Tatar
  7. Tofa
    Manchurian Ölöt
  8. Negidal
  9. Manchu proper
  10. Oroch
  11. Ulcha
  12. Udege
    1. Udege proper
    2. Kyakala EXTINCT
  13. Orok
  14. Itelmen (Western Kamchadal)
  15. Yug
  16. Tundra Yukagir
  17. Forest Yukagir
  18. Kerek
  19. Ainu
    1. Hokkaido Ainu
    2. Sakhalin Ainu POSSIBLY EXTINCT
    3. Kuril Ainu EXTINCT

Seriously endangered languages

  1. Northern Mansi
  2. Eastern Khanty
  3. Nganasan
  4. Forest Nenets
  5. Shor
    Sinkiang Dagur
  6. Nanai
    1. Nanai proper SERIOUSLY ENDANGERED
    2. Hejen NEARLY EXTINCT
    3. Kili NEARLY EXTINCT
  7. Ket
  8. Nivkh
    1. Amur Nivkh NEARLY EXTINCT
    2. Sakhalin Nivkh

Endangered languages

  1. Northern Khanty
  2. Tundra Nenets
  3. Northern Selkup
  4. Khakas proper
  5. Northern Altai
  6. Southern Altai
    1. Southern Altai proper
    2. Teleut
  7. Khamnigan Mongol
  8. Dagur proper
  9. Even
    1. Even proper
    2. Arman EXTINCT
  10. Evenki
    1. Evenki proper
    2. Orochen NEARLY EXTINCT
    3. Khamnigan Evenki
  11. Solon
    Sibe
  12. Chukchee
  13. Koryak
    1. Koryak proper
    2. Alyutor

Potentially endangered languages

  1. Tatar
    1. [Tatar proper]
    2. Siberian Tatar ENDANGERED
  2. Buryat
    1. Eastern Buryat
    2. Western Buryat ENDANGERED
    3. New Bargut ENDANGERED
    4. Old Bargut SERIOUSLY ENDANGERED

Not endangered languages

  1. Yakut
    1. Yakut proper NOT ENDANGERED
    2. Dolgan POTENTIALLY ENDANGERED
  2. Tuvan
    1. Tuvan proper NOT ENDANGERED
    2. Tsaatan SERIOUSLY ENDANGERED
    3. Khövsgöl Uryangkhai SERIOUSLY ENDANGERED
    4. Altai Uryangkhai SERIOUSLY ENDANGERED
  3. Oirat
  4. (Khalkha) Mongolian

Index by country

Within each country, languages appear in order of classification.

China

Japan

Mongolia

Siberia


Index by classification


Alphabetical index